2008 年 60 巻 3 号 p. 193-217
The major earthquakes of M=7 class, so-called Geiyo earthquake, have occurred in the subducted slab of the Philippine Sea plate under Aki-nada and Iyo-nada sea. The upper surface of the Philippine Sea plate is located in the depth from 40-45km in this region. Five Geiyo earthquakes can be found in 1649, 1686, 1857, 1905, and 2001 since 17th century. Magnitudes M of the older 4 events were larger than 7, while that of the last one is 6.7 in JMA (Japan Meteorological Agency) scale. Magnitudes and locations of focal regions of them were redetermined from seismic intensity data by the method of an attenuation curve fitting and of the seismic intensity inversion. Optimal magnitudes of old events were obtained between 6.7 to 6.9. This results show the old 4 events have almost the same magnitude as the 2001 event. One of the possible reasons why the former values were overestimated is that the empirical relation between magnitude and isoseismal area from inland shallow earthquakes was applied to determine the magnitude of the historical intraslab events such as Geiyo earthquakes.