1968 年 21 巻 1 号 p. 54-66
A multipartite seismometer array with a span of about 1km has been set up at one of the temporary stations for the observation of microearthquakes in Wakayama region, to examine the effects of local underground structure.
The apparent velocity and direction of wave approach for about 200 microearthquakes were determined by means of least squares from arrival times of P waves at 5 recording sites, as well as from the conventional tripartite technique. Parameters computed from 4 selected tripartite nets show systematic deviations from the results of least squares in relation to the azimuth. A possible explanation for the azimuthal dependence and for average travel-time residuals for each of the recording sites would be that there exists an upward-warping interface in the shallow portion of the crust. Several kinds of later phases can be identified on seismograms between the initial P and S waves. Their apparent velocities and travel-times appear to be consistent with the interpretation that these phases may be SV waves converted from incident P waves or vice versa at the above interface.