1989 年 42 巻 1 号 p. 21-31
Since late 1986, we have been operating a three-component set of STS seismometers (STS-1) at Inuyama Observatory, Nagoya University, Japan. This is a preliminary report of the two years observation. The STS-1 seismometer equips with three component BRB (BRoadband Band) outputs and three component LP (Long Period) outputs. The lowpass filtered LP outputs are digitized and recorded continuously at a sampling interval of 10s in a dynamic range of about 120dB. These continuous data have been used so far to determine seismic moment or centroid moment tensor of large Japanese earthquakes. The BRB output is recorded on an event recordering system, where the BRB and LP outputs after an eight-pole analog anti-aliased filtering are digitized and recorded for 50 minutes at sampling intervals of 0.1 and 0.4s, respectively. The dynamic range of this system is limited at present by the A/D converter to about 90dB. The triggered BRB data have been used so far to determine the source time functions of large Japanese earthquakes, which suggest the occurrence of backswing of fault motion. To maintain the horizontal component instruments in a stable condition, a care must be taken for variation of atmospheric pressure. The results of the analyses indicate a unique importance of nearby observation of large earthquakes by broadband, wide dynamic range and high precision seismometers such as the STS instruments.