1989 年 42 巻 4 号 p. 525-536
Many later phases such as ScSp, PS, SP and SS converted or reflected at the upper boundary of a descending oceanic plate are frequently observed in a subduction zone. The location of the upper boundary has been estimated to be just above the deep seismic zone by the use of these phases. Moreover, from the analyses of the later phases such as PS and channel waves, it has been found that a low velocity layer exists on the surface of the plate. The most probable interpretation of the low velocity layer, at least in the shallow depths, is the descending oceanic crust.