1995 年 47 巻 4 号 p. 351-364
Source process of the 1923 Kanto earthquake is investigated from descriptions of about 200 personal experiences near the focal region. The experiences of the strong shaking without a preliminary tremor in and around Odawara city and of the second strong vertical-shaking in the Miura Peninsula suggest that two major subevents occurred during the Kanto earthquake. We infer that the first subevent occurred under Odawara city and the second under the Miura Peninsula. The time interval between the two subevents is estimated to be about ten second from the interval between two prominent phases on an old strong-motion vertical record at Gifu observatory (Δ=226km), which was observed by a seismograph with a natural period of about 1sec. The above result of the two subevents can also explain the best documented account on the earthquake ground motion by Prof. Imamura at the Imperial University of Tokyo.