1996 年 49 巻 1 号 p. 75-83
Direction of rupture propagation φ and fault length L for the 1994 Sanriku-Haruka-Oki earthquake are evaluated from the azimuthal dependence in duration of strong ground motion observed at eleven stations along the Pacific coast of Tohoku and Hokkaido region. After defining the strong motion duration D as the time interval between onset of S wave and 85% of cumulative power curve derived from 5 to 10Hz band-pass filtered accelerogram, the azimuthal dependence of D is examined. We find that D systematically shows directivity: D is the shortest at northern part of Tohoku and the longest at southern part of Tohoku and eastern edge of Hokkaido. By making use of the directivity on observed strong motion durations, we apply the method by IZUTANI and HIRASAWA (1987) to deducing φ and L together with VR/β, where VR and β are rupture velocity and S wave velocity. Assuming that rupture initiated from the epicenter determined by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), we obtain L/VR=53, VR/β=0.62, and φ=W9°N (case 1). This result indicates that the rupture was headed toward northern part of Tohoku, and terminated near the western end of aftershock area. Detailed source-process inversion [for example, SATO et al. (1996)] suggests that main rupture nucleated near the center of aftershock area, corresponding to the epicenter determined by Harvard University. We redo the calculation assuming that the rupture initiated from the Harvard epicenter, then resulting in L/VR=28, VR/β=0.71, and φ=W18°N (case 2). This result also indicates that the rupture propagated toward northern part of Tohoku, and terminated at the western end of aftershock area. SATO et al. (1996) suggest that this earthquake consists of threestage rupture process: the first and the second sub-events corresponding to JMA and Harvard epicenter, respectively, and the third sub-event located near the western end of aftershock area at the distance of about 50km from Hachinohe city. The location where rupture terminated in both cases of this study is consistent with the location of the third sub-event, confirming that the rupture extended to the western end of aftershock area.