Blood protein variation in 30 loci of 78 humans, 54 chimpanzees, 32 orangutans, and six white handed gibbons were screened in order to compare levels of variability. The values of average heterozygosity over these 30 loci in human, chimpanzee, and orangutan were 6.9%, 2.2%, and 5.8%, respectively. This communication provides information about protein polymorphism on the largest number of orangutans examined to date and will encourage discussion concerning the discrepancies between protein and DNA variability in humans and chimpanzees.
The present study attempts to determine standard banding patterns for Group specific component (GC), Hemoglobin (HB), Plasminogen (PLG) and Transferrin (TF) of Elk and Japanese sika deer by polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing (IEF) - immunoblotting technique and horizontal alkaline polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) . Blood samples of 13 Elk were sent to us from Canada blood center for International Comparison Test in 1995, and 56 Japanese sika deer in three areas Hokkaido, Kinkazan and Tsushima, sent to us from Japanese Association of Deer Farming during 1996 to 1998 were used. TF banding patterns showed the same type in both ELK and Japanese sika deer, while the banding patterns of other proteins were different in both specifies. Polymorphism was found in GC of ELK and TF of Japanese sika deer. In addition, polymorphism for TF was found in deer populations from Hokkaido and Tsushima of three areas, amd its allele frequency differed significantly among three populations (P<0.01) .