Asian Journal of Human Services
Online ISSN : 2188-059X
Print ISSN : 2186-3350
ISSN-L : 2186-3350
Volume 13
Showing 1-7 articles out of 7 articles from the selected issue
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
  • Midori NISHIO, Kumiko OGATA, Hiromi KIMURA, Kayoko KOGA
    2017 Volume 13 Pages 1-9
    Published: 2017
    Released: October 30, 2017
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Object: Clarify male caregivers get coping to Nursing care with dementia living at Home. Patients/Materials and Methods: The subjects were 298 male caregivers. Nursing care burden was assessed using the Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale. Ability to cope with care problems was assessed using the Nursing Care Problems Coping Scale for Male Caregivers for People with Dementia Living at Home. It is clarify that significant correlations between the five coping styles of the NCSM and J-ZBI, long-term care need. Results: There was a significant correlation (P < 0.04) between the point (index) of NCSM and Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale. A positive significant correlation was found in three coping styles. A negative significant correlation was found in one coping style, and no significant correlation in one coping style. There was a significant correlation (P < 0.04) between the point (index) of NCSM and Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale. A positive significant correlation was found in the ‘Solve the problem’ coping style. Conclusion: Solve the problem style constitution categories are revise, Information gathering, planning, learn from the experience of caring. To focus coping is Male Caregivers Get Coping to Dementia Living at Home. And to reduce the care burden of this style of caregiver, it is important to help how caregivers with this style can be helped. Solve the problem style is effective continue nursing care problems coping style.
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  • Analysis of Their Errors in Triage
    Kazuyuki AKINAGA, Kaoru SHIBAYAMA, Koichi TAKAHASHI, Setsuko UMESAKI, ...
    2017 Volume 13 Pages 10-22
    Published: 2017
    Released: October 30, 2017
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    START is a system of primary triage performed on casualties at the scene of a mass-casualty incident. START is an acronym for "Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment " by which casualties are sorted into four triage categories. After conducting the triage simulation exercises, the authors realized that some students repeated the same errors despite having completed the triage classes. The purpose of this study is retrospectively to examine some mis-categorized cases to identify causes of triage errors, and thereby inform the future design of courses for triage education. Subjects were 115 fourth-year nursing students at a university in Kyushu, Japan who completed a two-day disaster nursing course. Nursing students were asked to fill out an answer sheet in the first session (hereafter referred to as "pre-intervention ") and again in the second session held a week later (hereafter referred to as "post-intervention"). Many of those were about mis-categorizing "green" casualties as "yellow" and vice versa, which implied that students had difficulty in making triage decisions between the "walking wounded/minor" and "delayed" categories. The results of the study showed that most students were likely to answer the triage questions largely based on their perception of visual information (such as video images) rather than on triage criteria.
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  • Recognition of the Medical Workers with Experience in IDR
    Akina ISHIBASHI, Yumi FUKUYAMA, Kazue NONAKA, Koichi SHINCHI
    2017 Volume 13 Pages 23-35
    Published: 2017
    Released: October 30, 2017
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Objective: With regard to medical doctors and nurses who had participated in international disaster response(IDR), the purposes of the study were as follows:①To identify the factors related to recognition of the need for "surgical nursing practice" in IDR provided by Japan ②To clarify the role of Surgical Nurse in future IDR. Method: The survey was conducted between June 20, 2016 and July 31, 2016 targeting medical professionals (doctors and nurses) with experience in IDR. We distributed self-report questionnaires to authors and coauthors of academic papers that described studies examining IDR and been published within the preceding 5 years. Results: We received responses from 54 of the 110 participants (recovery rate: 49.1%). Data for 51 subjects (valid response rate: 94.4%) were ultimately analyzed. “Organization (Governmental Organization [GO] group and Nongovernmental Organizations [NGO] group) at the time of dispatch” differed significantly recognition of the need for "surgical nursing practice" in IDR. Discussion: "Organization at the time of dispatch;" was the main factor related to recognition of the need for "surgical nursing practice" in IDR. GO group recognized that the role of Surgical Nurse in IDR was not only nursing care through the perioperative period but also disaster nursing care to perform a wide variety of activities will be required in the provision of medical support following international disasters. NGO group recognized the importance of nursing care during operations as the role of Surgical Nurse in IDR.
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  • Kota SUZUKI, Masahiro ISHI, Haruo SHINODA
    2017 Volume 13 Pages 36-45
    Published: 2017
    Released: October 30, 2017
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Neurofeedback training aims to teach self-regulation through signals derived from neural activity. In children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, neurofeedback generally focuses on increasing the power of either the beta1 (15–18 Hz) or the sensory motor rhythm (12–15 Hz), while decreasing the power of other frequency bands. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of objective and subjective measures for assessing the effects of neurofeedback training in nonclinical adults. We evaluated the effects of eight sessions of beta1 and sensory motor rhythm neurofeedback training in nonclinical adults using objective measures (i.e., event-related potential components during a flanker task) and subjective measures (i.e., Student Behavior Checklist). Sixteen adults were divided into beta1 and sensory motor rhythm training groups. An event-related potential component, N2, was enhanced at post-training compared with pre-training periods. Moreover, we observed enhanced N2 in the beta1 group, suggesting that improved attentional function influenced the N2 component. Conversely, we found no differences in the Student Behavior Checklist between the pre- and post-training periods for either group. These findings demonstrate that subjective measures were not sufficient to uncover the effects of eight neurofeedback training sessions. Thus, we suggest that objective measures, such as event-related potential components, be used to evaluate the effects of neurofeedback training.
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  • Xinyu HE, Sungkee LEE, Sunwoo LEE
    2017 Volume 13 Pages 46-62
    Published: 2017
    Released: October 30, 2017
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    As the elderly population in China is expected to rise to 300 million by 2025, the life satisfaction of the elderly is of great interest among Chinese researchers. This study tries to examine whether the social capital of the elderly has effects on their life satisfaction, and, if it has, which components of social capital between the structural component and the cognitive component have more effects on the elderly in Chengdu, China. The results of multiple regression analysis on the life satisfaction of the elderly show that only the health status of the elderly is statistically significant. On the contrary, social capital has several statistically significant factors on their life satisfaction. Among the structural component of social capital, informal participation, formal participation, and formal social networks are statistically significant on the life satisfaction of the elderly. Among the cognitive factors of the social capital, norms of reciprocity and interpersonal trust are statistically significant factors. The cognitive component factors may not be easily changed by social interventions such as social services. In other words, providing social services would not improve the elderly's levels of norms of reciprocity or interpersonal trust since these factors are cognitive. On the contrary, the structural component factors of social capital could be improved by social service programs. Therefore, the government and the society need to provide various social service programs to improve participation levels of the Chinese elderly.
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  • With Focus on Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
    Natsuki YANO, Haejin KWON, Changwan HAN, Masahiro KOHZUKI
    2017 Volume 13 Pages 63-75
    Published: 2017
    Released: October 30, 2017
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    With regard to the diagnosis of developmental disorders in Japan, it has been reported that it takes a long time (3-10 months) for children to be examined to find out if they have a developmental disorder due to the limited number of medical specialists and specialized healthcare institutions. To resolve this problem, collaboration between the fields of medicine and education has been suggested, by using the "Inclusive Needs-Child Record (IN-Child Record: ICR)." ICR, however, was originally created for the teachers in the field of education, and as such, there are many items therein that are not needed by medical specialists. As such, the necessity of coming up with a new tool has arisen to facilitate the communication and collaboration between the fields of medicine and education. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a tool for effectively providing medical specialists with the information on children possessed by teachers, who spend the longest time with the children. The new tool was designed by combining ICR with DSM-5. To determine the core information that medical specialists need to know for the diagnosis of developmental disorders, a survey was conducted among 1,059 children from elementary and junior high schools in Okinawa Prefecture. From the results of the survey and of the correlation analysis between ICR and DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition), the items that should be included in the new tool were selected, with focus on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Finally, the tool for collaboration between the fields of medicine and education was established, consisting of 35 items in four domains. Through the future research, the tool needs to be further developed after verifying its reliability and validity.
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CASE REPORT
  • Osamu ISHIDA, Tsutomu MIZUTANI
    2017 Volume 13 Pages 76-88
    Published: 2017
    Released: October 30, 2017
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Children with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (hereinafter, "children with SMID") produce only slight movements in response to surrounding influences, and it is difficult to evaluate their remaining sensory functions through behavioral observation alone. In this study, we focused on a first-grade Junior high-school student (hereinafter, "Student A") with concurrent visual (light perception only) and hearing (complete deafness) disabilities in addition to severe motor and intellectual disabilities, who was attending a "Special Needs Education School for the Physically Challenged", and we evaluated the student's sensory functions using the heart rate index. As a result, an orienting response, where the presentation of visual light and color stimuli coincides with a transient reduction in heart rate, was found to be highly reproducible, which suggests that the student perceives visual stimuli. Similarly, in response to facial stimuli, Student A's heart rate response to familiar and unfamiliar faces differed, with the heart rate decreasing in response to unfamiliar faces, and increasing in response to familiar faces. Based on this, it seems likely that Student A differentiates faces, and that his heart rate response differs depending on his affinity for the face. While Student A's visual functionality was previously diagnosed by a physician as light perception only, the results of this study suggest that Student A may retain the visual functionality to differentiate and recognize people.
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