Al-Madaniyya
Online ISSN : 2436-0678
Volume 2
Displaying 1-6 of 6 articles from this issue
  • Fumihiko Hasebe
    2023 Volume 2 Pages iii-
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 07, 2023
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT FREE ACCESS
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  • Ken Tobe
    2023 Volume 2 Pages 1-14
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 07, 2023
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT FREE ACCESS
    This paper provides an overview of the Harrisons, King & Irwin Limited documents in the London Metropolitan Archives. Harrisons, King & Irwin was an affiliate of Harrisons & Crosfield, a global corporate group in the United Kingdom. It was also China’s leading tea exporter from the 1920s to the 1940s. The author first briefly introduces the history of Harrisons, King & Irwin, then provides a brief overview of some of the contents in the Harrisons, King & Irwin Limited documents by theme, and finally discusses the significance of this series of documents for the study of the tea industry’s history in modern China and the world.
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  • The Case of Vegetable Trade
    Kenji Fujiki
    2023 Volume 2 Pages 15-26
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 07, 2023
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT FREE ACCESS
    This paper examines a prohibition on trading monopolies of artisans and retailers issued in Istanbul in 1789. First, the hatt-ı hümâyûn document that Selim III (r. 1789–1807) authored is scrutinized to understand the intent and purpose of the prohibition. Next, the enforcement of the prohibition and its impact is examined in detail. The focus is on the vegetable trade of Istanbul, which was emphasized most in hatt-ı hümâyûn. Using court registers from Istanbul as the main historical source, the monopoly over vegetable trade and changes in the system are presented following an analysis of lawsuits brought by vegetable retailers (sebzeci) and others.
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  • Notes on Ibn al-ʻAjamī (Part I)
    Fumihiko Hasebe
    2023 Volume 2 Pages 27-68
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 07, 2023
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT FREE ACCESS
    In this paper, we attempt to unveil the personality of Ibn al-‘Ajamī, the hitherto unexplored author of Mabāhij al-ikhwān wa manāhij al-khillān fī ḥawādith al-duhūr wa al-azmān and its sequel called Ta’rīkh āl ‘Uthmān. The paper first reviews the descriptions in these historical writings, of which only two manuscripts are known at this point and examines their characteristics and importance as the chronicles of Ottoman Cairo. Focusing on three points: Ibn al-ʻAjamī’s family relations, Būlāq as his place of residence and work, and he as a weigher, we seek to reveal the reality of this little-known “laboring citizen historian” who was in the economic middle strata and made his living from steady work supporting the market economy of Cairo, the largest Arab trading city in the early modern era.
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  • Juvenile Reformatories in Modern Egypt
    Satoshi Katsunuma
    2023 Volume 2 Pages 69-86
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 07, 2023
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT FREE ACCESS
    In Egypt, a reformatory for juvenile offenders began to develop under the British occupation. This institution, which was more educative and less punitive than prisons, was initially established to admit a specific category of juvenile offenders. Therefore, prisons remained the primary place for most juvenile inmates even after the establishment of the reformatory. Moreover, the re-introduction of corporal punishment for juveniles strengthened the punitive character of treating juvenile offenders. After enacting the Juvenile Vagrant Law, the reformatory was charged with treating juvenile vagrants and simultaneously faced overcrowding of inmates. In the interwar period, the reformatory system rapidly developed in terms of accommodation and function. However, it was blamed for the inefficacy in rehabilitating juveniles. Some improvements in the form of a reward system and vocational training were implemented, but they had little effect. Finally, juvenile reformatories malfunctioned when they assumed responsibility as the sole facility for treating juvenile offenders in the late 1930s.
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  • 魏 郁欣
    2023 Volume 2 Pages 87-100
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: May 07, 2023
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (750K)
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