農業市場研究
Online ISSN : 2424-0427
Print ISSN : 1341-934X
最新号
選択された号の論文の7件中1~7を表示しています
論文
  • ─陝西省洋県の有機農業経営者11 社を対象に─
    曹 斌, 成田 拓未
    2016 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 1-10
    発行日: 2016/03/31
    公開日: 2018/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

    This article analyzes the causes for the gradually decrease of supply quantities of organic products based on the studies taken from 11 organic production enterprises in Yang County, Shaanxi Provence,China. The findings revealed that even though organic enterprises held a positive attitude towards organic agriculture production, they are mostly realizing no or small profits. The study determined that the current agricultural policy system in rural finance, financial project applications, regional marketing strategies, as well as the intensive use of agricultural land through intermediary for public welfare and agricultural technology popularization system are incomplete, which have limited support for the growth of organic production marketing enterprises. The article proposes that future organic agricultural product market research should start from the point of view of agricultural policy.

  • 戴 容秦思
    2016 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 11-21
    発行日: 2016/03/31
    公開日: 2018/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

    Dairy farming operations in China are mostly small scale and lack funds and facilities. After milking mechanization developed, private milking businesses appeared, providing milking service for charge for farmers who have no milking machine. To strengthen the raw milk procurement system and make it traceable, dairy processors have started vertically integrating such private milking stations. In some cases, the processors even promote contract farming with farmer cooperatives which includes the milking process. Meanwhile, the establishment of large scale dairy farms operated by processors or the private sector has become common. In major existing studies, the vertical integrated raw milk distribution initiated by dairy producers in China has been assessed as an effective way to improve not only the quantity and quality of raw milk but also the income of dairy farmers, as long as the processors keep monitoring the whole supply process with responsibility. But the rapid expansion of dairy industrial capital investing in raw milk production and distribution also could create negative impact on dairy farming section. This study aimed to identify the problems of dairy processor and raw milk producer under the current milk business condition. Toward this objective, four research tasks were undertaken. First, raw milk distribution in China were analyzed using existing literature sources, which provides an understanding of past research. Second, dairy production development in China was surveyed from a historical aspect, which confirmed that the change of farming section was strongly influenced by the evolution of dairy industry. Third, the raw material procurement structure for processors was examined by studying cases from a field survey. Fourth, the impacts from the current raw milk procurement structure were assessed.

  • 坂爪 浩史, 高梨子 文恵
    2016 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 22-31
    発行日: 2016/03/31
    公開日: 2018/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

    本論文では、中四国地域における小売業寡占化の進展を確認した後、同地域を拠点に店舗展開するチェーンスーパーを対象に、その青果物調達システムを分析した。各チェーンは出店エリアの拡大に際して地区分けを行い、それぞれにバイヤー等を配置している。スーパーは青果物の7割を卸売市場から、3割を市場外から調達している。利用する卸売市場は主に地域内の卸売市場であるが、それ以外にも遠隔産品の調達先として東京・大阪の大規模な卸売市場等を利用している。地域内の卸売市場としては、地場産品を中心に各地区ごとに同地区内卸売市場から仕入れる、分散的な仕入体制となっている。各地区店舗群の青果物需要に対する地区内卸売市場のカバー率(SRL)は本部所在地区において最も低い傾向がみられたが、これは同地区が各チェーンにとって最も消費者の指向を把握しやすく、また店舗密度も稠密なため、市場外仕入れを組みやすいことによる。

  • 安藤 光義
    2016 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 32-38
    発行日: 2016/03/31
    公開日: 2018/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

    The purpose of this study is to grasp and evaluate the process and consequence of the 2013 CAP Reform, through which prediction of the future of the CAP reforms can be based. First, we presents a survey of the history of CAP Reform since 1992 and identify its basic direction. We find that it is on a trajectory of market-oriented policy, by deepening decoupled payment and shifting budget of pillar 1 to pillar 2. Second, we compare and examine the original plan of the 2013 CAP Reform versus the final plan. The point of the reform is greening, which means strengthening the agro-environmental scheme of pillar 1 rather than pillar 2 in order to maintain direct payment whose origin was as compensation payments when the 1992 Mcsharry Reform introduced. It will take much time to dissolve the difference of payment level among member states. According to the final plan, the budget share of recoupled payment increases and redistributive payment is established. We may be able to say that the 2013 CAP Reform has an option to boost small and medium farmers, especially family farming. Finally we observe the trends of policy implementation of UK and France. The former is planning to improve and enhance agro-environmental scheme more than ever. The latter will introduce redistributive payment to protect livestock farming and hilly and mountainous areas. Renationalisation of CAP will be bolstered by this reform. The purpose of this study is to grasp and evaluate the process Reform, through which prediction of the future of the CAP a survey of the history of CAP Reform since 1992 and identify a trajectory of market-oriented policy, by deepening decoupled 1 to pillar 2. Second, we compare and examine the original final plan. The point of the reform is greening, which meascheme of pillar 1 rather than pillar 2 in order to maintacompensation payments when the 1992 Mcsharry Reformdissolve the difference of payment level among memberbudget share of recoupled payment increases and redistributive able to say that the 2013 CAP Reform has an option to boost family farming. Finally we observe the trends of policy former is planning to improve and enhance agro-environmental will introduce redistributive payment to protect livestock farming Renationalisation of CAP will be bolstered by this reform.

  • ─与論島を事例として─
    坂井 教郎, 内藤 重之
    2016 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 39-45
    発行日: 2016/03/31
    公開日: 2018/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー
    In the small Islands of Nansei Shoto, farmers seek the production of vegetables which have high land productivity because it is difficult for them to expand the cultivated land area. But the turnover of vegetable items is large and the growing districts have not been established in the islands because of the susceptibility of climate and market and the disadvantage of the transportations. The purposes of this paper are to describe the characteristics of the production and distribution of taroes and to clarify the shipment behavior of farmers in Yoron island. The difference of the positioning of taro in farm income affects the shipment behavior of farmers: if the share of taro accounts for large portion of the agricultural income, farmers choose a high price means of sorting and shipment time. However, if the share accounts are low, they choose lower price means of sorting and shipment time. Since farmers can choose the means of sorting and the long-term harvesting period maintains a high price of taro, the different types of farmers can ship taroes for many years.
  • ─わが国の食品リサイクル制度への示唆─
    小林 富雄
    2016 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 46-51
    発行日: 2016/03/31
    公開日: 2018/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

    This study focused on the problem of food leftover waste. A case study of a South Korean institution was undertaken from the point of view of the food waste reduction capability together with public hygiene and culinary culture. It was shown that South Korean meter-rate based charging system and recycling system are politically unified by the framework of Comprehensive Countermeasures of Food Waste Reduction Institution. Further, it is clear that a positive effect was brought about in the management not only in public recycle facilities but also in private facilities.

    Moreover, it was shown that the checks and publicity by the NPO organizing the “MATTABI CAMPAIGN” (to eat food thankfully) were also a success factor in this management. South Korea's experience has shown that institutions can promote the integration at a national level by implication.

  • ─小売業の要求への産地の対応─
    佐藤 和憲, 木立 真直, ナロンサック ピシャヤピスット
    2016 年 24 巻 4 号 p. 52-58
    発行日: 2016/03/31
    公開日: 2018/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

    Abstract:In this paper, we confirm the efforts in direct trading of fresh produce by agricultural cooperatives and farm corporations in a producing area, revealing the requests, compliance and evaluation on the trade practices from retail companies. Direct trading of fresh produce between agricultural cooperatives or farm companies and retail companies has increased with the increased numbers of cooperatives and companies. However the trade practices of fresh produce are limited to the discount request for special sales and the fee for distribution center compared with that between food processing companies and retail companies. As background, discount for special sales is considered because it is an inherent practice for transactions compared with the fee for distribution center that is an extrinsic practice for transactions. Comparing the agricultural cooperatives and agricultural production corporations, the latter has more requests regarding trading practices, and it has been some sort of correspondences, however they don’t view it as a significant burden on trade practices.

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