A new antitumor steroid, byssochlamysol, was isolated from the mycelium of Byssochlamys nivea M#5187. Byssochlamysol inhibited IGF-1-dependent growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells with an IC50 of 20ng/ml, whereas serum-dependent cell growth was not inhibited by less than 10μg/ml of byssochlamysol. This substance induced apoptosis in IGF-1-dependent Colo320DM human colon cancer cells.
The structure of byssochlamysol, a new antitumor metabolite against IGF-1-dependent cancer cells from Byssochlamys nivea M#5187, was determined to be a highly oxidized ergostane steroid as shown in Fig. 1 by NMR studies.
Two novel antibiotics, Sch 484129 (1) and Sch 484130 (2), were isolated from the fermentation broth of a fungal culture, which was identified as a Basidiomycete. The new antibiotics were obtained by ethyl acetate extraction followed by reversed phase HPLC purification. Structure elucidation of 1 and 2 was accomplished by spectroscopic data analyses. Derivatizations of the major component 1 were performed in order to provide definitive structural information. Both components were identified as glycolipids and displayed antifungal activity against Saccharomyces and Aspergillus strains.
The epothilones represent a new class of bacterial natural products with broad spectrum of antiproliferative activity against various types of human tumors and tumor cell lines. The attractive preclinical profile of epothilones has made them promising lead compounds for novel anticancer agents and has spurred a strong interest in obtaining different derivatives to fully evaluate their therapeutic potentials. We have generated a number of novel epothilone D and 10, 11-dehydroepothilone D (Epo490) analogs via biotransformation using Amycolata autotrophica to alter the oxidation state of the parental compounds. The bioconverted compounds displayed different degrees of potency in cytotoxicity assays against a panel of human tumor cell lines, with 11-hydroxyepothilone D, 14-hydroxyepothilone D, and 21-hydroxyepothilone D showing comparable activity to that of epothilone D, and 21-hydroxy Epo490 being comparable to Epo490. The addition of hydroxyl group(s) seems to cause a decrease in cytotoxic activity against multiple drug resistant cell lines (with overexpressed P-glycoprotein). The compounds generated by biotransformation exert differential effects on tubulin polymerization, which correlate with their biological activities.
Fungal roselipins, discovered as inhibitors of diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), consist of three parts; highly methylated C20 fatty acid, mannose and arabinitol. Demannosyl and/or dearabinitoyl roselipins were prepared chemically or enzymatically. Demannnosyl roselipins conserved the DGAT inhibitory activity, but the others lost the activity, indicating that the arabinitoyl fatty acid core is essential for eliciting the activity.