This paper investigates the causal effects of elite favoritism for the case of cocoa production in rural Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire through the pathways of government support policy and de facto land tenure systems using secondary cross-sectional data from 2,228 cocoa households. Econometric models motivated by spatial regression discontinuity design (RDD) framework were adapted to capture the causal effect of being elite farmers in Ghana. The results showed that elites in Ghana were less likely to suffer black pod disease infection due to their social status relative to non-elites in Ghana. Further investigating possible causal pathways to these effects, elites in Ghana were more likely to receive pesticides, cocoa seedlings, and liquid fertilizer from government. There was no evidence of stronger land rights by elites in Ghana. Hence, better access to policy might be a relevant factor in explaining elite favoritism in pests and diseases management than stronger land rights.
Social conditions often impact young people’s career selection. In Japan, the economic recession caused by the 2008 Financial Crisis and the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake had a serious impact on the labor market. In this study, I conducted a case study of 6 young farmers who have been engaged in farming triggered by the restrictions in career selection. First, I analyzed their career paths. The results showed that, although they did not start farming with positive motives, they have been engaged in farming up to the present. Next, I applied the theory of Yoshimi Sugimura’s work values to analyze how they found their motives for farming. The results showed that they did not aim to do farming only for self-actualization, but they found redemption in their business association and social relationships with others including their local community. In conclusion, this study clarified that young farmers can become established in farming by shaping their work values based on their business association and social relationships, even though they did not start farming with positive motives.
In this study, we examined value orientations and product information processing procedures among consumers that impact their intention to purchase dairy products produced using self-supplied feed. The results can help develop promotion strategies for consumer behavior toward such products. We performed covariance structure analysis on the date of the questionnaire survey. The analysis revealed that consumers’ “taste orientation” directly affected their sensory evaluation of dairy products. By contrast, consumers’ “safety/health orientation” impacted their evaluation of dairy products through their evaluation of feed – the primary factor differentiating one dairy product from another. Thus, promoting buying behavior in consumers with a strong “safety/health orientation” requires emphasizing that products use self-supplied feed and thus contribute to a low environmental impact, whereas promotion for consumers with a strong “taste orientation” requires a variety of media to increase familiarity with raw milk.
This study aimed to explore consumer evaluations of beef by part, including its by-products. To achieve this, we analyzed online product reviews on Rakuten Ichiba (a major e-commerce site) from 2016 to 2019. We applied text mining analyses to these data in three stages: extraction of frequent words in the whole beef review to capture the overall characteristics; grouping of parts by correspondence analysis; and extraction of words that characterize each part to consider similarities and differences among parts or groups of parts. We found that for post-purchase evaluation criteria and consumption practices, several parts had some similarities, but there were also differences among several other parts and groups. Therefore, to further understand the needs of the consumer and promote the sales of beef, it would be advisable to consider the characteristics of each group of parts and each part individually.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between consciousness of contribution to regional agriculture and regional activity, using the results of an Internet survey focused on agricultural corporations. Three factors emerged from the analysis: consciousness of contribution to (1) regional agriculture, (2) regional economy, and (3) agricultural land problems in the region. The results of the classification and regression trees analysis showed that consciousness of contribution was influenced by three factors. First, event holding (e.g., farming experience) was an important factor in the consciousness of contribution to regional agriculture. Second, the acceptance of inspections and contract production with local farmers was an important factor in the consciousness of contribution to the regional economy. Finally, undertaking farmland for farmers without heirs was an important factor in the consciousness of contribution to land problems.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the status and problems of employment support activities for people with disabilities engaged in agriculture. Factor analysis revealed that the supporters provide “direct guidance,” “network construction,” “work environment improvement,” and “mediation.” In addition, factor scores were used to classify supporters into four types, of which supporters who actively engaged in all activities received no reward. Supporters who did nothing also had little knowledge or experience about people with disabilities.
Although Sri Lanka’s agricultural policy has become more market-oriented, traditional agriculture and its trade remain vital in rural economies. However, few studies have focused on the current state of agricultural trade in the mountainous areas of Sri Lanka, where most households engage in small-scale farming. The objective of this study is to examine whether trade patterns and underlying relationships between farmers and traders in mountainous areas are associated with the storage characteristics of agricultural products or village locations. Quantitative analysis using data obtained from the household survey in the Meegahakula DS division of the Badulla district revealed that village location significantly impacts farmers’ sales channels and relationships between farmers and traders, including retail and wholesale outlets. The analysis also found that farmers are likely to overcome geographical disadvantages and diversify their sales channels through joint shipments or specific terms offered by traders.