Using Bangmaenang District in the urban fringe of Bangkok Metropolitan Region in Thailand as a case study area, this study aims at examining agricultural land-use changes after the 2011 Floods with special focus on farmers' intentions of orchard use and management. Supervised image classifications were conducted for two GeoEye-1 images (before and after the floods) in order to identify agricultural land-cover changes by the floods. In field survey, selected sample farm parcels were monitored using GPS digital camera, and farmers were interviewed about their adaptation to the floods and intentions of farmland uses along with time after the floods. The results of satellite image analysis and sample farmland monitoring showed that orchards got more serious flood damage than other farmlands including paddy fields, vegetable fields and flower farms. Orchard farmers tended to avoid replanting fruit trees because of higher initial costs and a fear of future flooding.
Now that three years have passed since the Great East Japan Earthquake, there are the activities of fishery villages reconstruction through the fishing industry rebuilt in some. We analised actual situation of fi shery villeges before the earthquake, disaster-recovery situation, activities for reconstruction about fi shery villages of Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi prefecture. The results of the analysis is the status of fi shery villages of before the earthquake is largely responsible for development of activities for reconstruction.
When performing serious disaster recovery, it is important to aggregate opinions of residents' organizations, as a role of significant stakeholder to solve any problem realistically. In many situations, advisory experts of outside had participated with them. We have studied in SAKIHAMA Village which is one case of Residents' Organizations of reconstruction. As the result, the role of the residents' organization is provision of any information from residents, the consolidation of opinions, requests to the city office, and the independent practice activities. The role of the advisory experts is offering information to Residents' Organization of reconstruction, advice to the progress of meetings, and management of their workshops.
This study examined the implementation of forest and forestry administration in Fukushima Prefecture after the Great East Japan Earthquake. The extraordinary circumstances led Fukushima Prefecture to endeavor to solve problems with a focus on local conditions, which resulted in the realization of local forest policies in some cases. Harmful rumors about radioactive substances in timber were counteracted by the performance of hands-on activities by Fukushima Prefecture, including measurement of radioactivity in timber and disseminating the results. The role of the prefectural government needs to be expanded, but the collaboration between the central and municipal governments should be recognized as indispensable.
This study is aiming to clarify realities of swinging borderline between local government and regional community's responsibilities after the Heisei merger. Our case study in Towa area, Hanamaki city showed there were lots of understanding gaps among them and the key factors of management for fixing those gaps could be communication structure and level between both.
To prevent uncontrolled urban sprawl of rural area and promote desirable development, Korean government established “Act on Planning and Use of National Territory” in 2003. However, despite improvement of the framework of land use system, urban sprawl and rural environment destruction is aggravating. Unlike Japan, there is no independent plan for managing farmland and forest in Korea. Local governments' land use plan also excessively focused on urban management. To prevent deteriorating rural amenity, it is desirable to induce more specific guideline for rural land use and development.
This study gathers municipalities' plans to invite newcomers in East Japan by using the homepage retrieval. The results are as follows: 1) The ratio of the municipality with plans was different in each region; In East Japan, the tendency of the ratio was about 30-40%; 2) In the less-favored areas, the ratio was higher. On the other hand, the ratio was lower at surrounding the big city; 3) The main content was roughly categorized into seven kinds; 4) The ratio of the municipality that had various kinds of plans was higher in the less-favored areas.
Many Akiya Banks have established in order to increase the number of immigrants and to activate rural communities but most of them have not achieved the original purposes. In this research, we analyzed the preference of vacant house owners and potential immigrants whether they want to sell/buy houses, or lend/rent ones. Those who wish to immigrate to rural area were found to prefer lease than purchase and sale. Many potential immigrants to rural area prefer to lend vacant houses. However, the general vacant house owners do not prefer to lend their houses but to sell them, especially those who want to tear down their old hoses and those who have old houses in need of repair with large scale eager to sell them. On the other hand, those who have intention to stay there in future or obsession about their houses prefer to lend them. On the basis of this new knowledge, we have proposed some measures to increase the number of vacant houses registered to Akiya Bank.
Derivation and the spread of local eating habits, I started grasp "and making of" area eating habits revival plan "of the" eating habits style, "area eating habits reproduction campaign" approximately at the same time and confirmed that reproduction advanced by the business was related mutually, and progressing at the same time. I confirmed that reproduction advanced by these business was related mutually, and progressing at the same time. It came to be recognized that I thought about significance of the local eating habits style reproduction to repeat itself for one year.
This study did interview researches for JA Kita-Tsukuba (Chikusei city, Ibaraki prefecture) and JA Chiba-Midori (Asahi city, Chiba prefecture) to reveal conditions and spreading of utilizing of Foreign Technical Intern System in surroundings of main area as JA Joso-Hikari (Yachiyo town, Ibaraki prefecture) and JA Shiosai (Kamisu city, Ibaraki prefecture). As a result, I found that management organizations in surrounding area adopted “Joint type” or “Invite type” strategies.
This paper focuses on “Midori-no-Furusato-Kyoryokutai” which is the pioneering program to promote rural regeneration. One purpose of this study was to reveal the actual conditions and the process of migration toward a regeneration of rural area. A survey was conducted in Kutsuki district of Shiga prefecture. The main findings were as follows: 1) Friendships between local residents and migrants and building trusting relationships through local activities contributed to promote migration. 2) Migrants faced a lack of income. To solve this problem, constructing a system that creates opportunities for migrants to make a livelihood is an important element to promote migration to rural areas.
The Agricultural Land Act and the Act on Promotion of Improvement of Agricultural Management Foundation were revised in 2009 to allow corporate entry into the agriculture business through farmland leasing, with the aim of raising land use efficiency. A particular concern was whether local agricultural commissions would have difficulty enforcing the revised acts because of increased workload and the acts' overlapping systems. We surveyed agricultural commission members to determine the extent of such problems in actual practice. Committee members were found to have more work but no notable difficulties in enforcement. Several issues were identified that could cause future problems.
After the 2000's, the rural village development projects are designated as participatory rural village development programs and projects. Through this study, I drew finding as follows; 1) The community business was able to be founded taking advantage of experience of the Resident's participation. 2) And then, In establishment and management of the Community Business, carried out to Internal Organizations. 3) At the last, Positive support of administration. Based on the results of the study, the following recommendations were made.
This study clarifies that the Malaysian Homestay Program (MHP) is related to the existing social organization and community activities at Malay Kampung through these points: 1. The role of the Homestay Committee is similar to the role of the existing Village Development and Security Committee, 2. Villagers use MHP facility as a community facility, 3. MHP tourists take part in the village's daily, economic, community and cultural activities. At Sungai Sireh Homestay, Selangor, cooperation among five villages; organized by a cooperative body; participation of district local authorities; and additional activities of eco-tourism, create the characteristics in its management.
This study analyzes the morale of employees who work in the group participation within women-business organizations in Yamaguchi prefecture. This methodology is based on Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory, where policy and job factors are considered motivators. Result of the analysis show that the morale of employees in women-business organizations recognize the management policies of the organization, and it has a unity.
This study was aimed for a result and problem of the business that utilizes a dog to control damage of the nature beast harm by wild monkeys. It was clarified a merit and demerit of this activity by a method to compare the local government which canceled with the one, and which moved into action positively in West Japan district. As a result of interview investigation, it was revealed that the damage of farm products decreased. And it was effective to utilize a dog than a human being performed it. However, it was recognized that the cooperation of inhabitants was demanded so that this method succeeded, and mutual understanding was required. Thus, support in the whole area that the local government included is important.
This paper aims to examine causal effect of residents' recognizable and tolerable troop size of wild Japanese macaques causing damage in the northern area of Mt. Fuji, Yamanashi prefecture. We conducted 1) damage risk estimation, 2) questionnaire survey to residents living within 300m from forest edge and 3) structural equation modelling to estimate optimal causal effect model. Consequently, 41.5% of questionnaire was responded, and many of respondents underestimated troop size causing damage. We proposed that reduction of damage perception was priority issues because it positively influenced residents' perception of troop size.
The author investigated the factor of maintenance of the Rana prosa porosa population in the paddy field of the suburban region in southern Kanagawa. Census investigation on a levee to 33% of the target site was conducted 14 times in 2012, and a total of 4,700 individuals were counted. Although the evasion to the levee made from concrete had arisen, the difference between the levee adjoining the concrete waterway and the farm road of the ground was not accepted in adults and yearlings, respectively. From the total extension and standard width of levees, it was guessed that the grassland of approximately 35a existed in the target site. Although it is thin separately, in a large number existing, the levee had become the habitat of this frog species.
In this study, we conducted a qualitative research to investigate how regional living conditions affect residents' subjective well-being. We did interviews with 21 people who lived in Suzu city, a rural area located at the northern edge of the Noto peninsula, Japan. A series of interviews was recorded and was transcribed after the interviews for coding and analysis. By coding the transcribed scripts, we found some common regional factors which affect residents' well-being. In general, factors related to natural capital and time usage have positive affect to well-being. On the other hand, factors related to social capital have both positive and negative influences to well-being while factors related to physical capital have mainly negative influences on well-being. These results suggest that we should add some regional factors reflecting characteristics of rural life when we conduct questionnaire survey to investigate residents' well-being in rural area.
This study dealt with evaluation of sustainability of small-scale water supply management in rural communities, and relationship between sustainability and limitation of beneficiaries using a case study in rural area -Agrarian Reform Infrastructure Support Project in the Philippines. Based on the survey, 8 of 11 cases have sustainable water system. Administration support is necessary for the beneficiaries. In case of an organization, except administration managed water system, limitation of beneficiaries exist and excludability is high. Viewpoints of non-beneficiary ratio clarify the reason for exclusion. Unable to pay the construction fee, admission fee, water bills or having other water source leads to their eviction of non-beneficiaries.
This study assessed collaboration awareness-building effects of Direct Income Payments for Hilly and Mountainous Areas for the development of community farming organization. Analysis of income payment recipients' questionnaire responses show that directly bridging social capital affects evaluations by participants. Additionally, participants positively evaluated the system effects. Development activities to enrich social networks were clarified as effective for fostering collaboration to improve the village farming system.
The purpose of this study is to grasp the sense of values of Japanese students for foreign travel. Three investigations such as drawing, consciousness analysis and laddering method was employed. As a result, there was a common sense that students have longing to travel to a tourist spot which has rich nature both in Japanese and Xinjiang, China. On the other hand, Japanese students have stronger desire to experience history and culture for self-growth through travel. It was thought that travel plans should be prepared based on these sense of values in Japanese students.
In this paper, we discuss the difference between expressed WTP for donation and actual donation for conservation of water wheels by considering hypothetical bias, which is certainty of payment action and recognition ratio of donation boxes. Especially we use the recognition ratio of people who found the donation boxes in the farmers' market near the water wheels. We found that the estimated WTP was 67.3 times higher than actual donation if we considered neither hypothetical bias nor recognition ratio. Next the difference was 48.7 times higher when we considered the bias of certainty only. Finally the difference was reduced to 1.57 times after we considered both hypothetical bias and recognition ratio.
Mail survey is the most well used method for understanding public perceptions of certain topics. However, low response rate has been pointed out as the disadvantage of this method. We compared perceptions and socio-demographics of early respondents and late respondents to predict characteristics of non-respondents as well as to reveal issues that mail survey method entails. We used data of the mail survey conducted to retired hunters of all over Japan in 2012. Multiple regression analysis revealed that respondents who were interested in re-acquiring hunting license tended to be late in responding to survey (p<0.05).