アジア・アフリカ地域研究
Online ISSN : 2188-9104
Print ISSN : 1346-2466
ISSN-L : 1346-2466
17 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
論文
  • 古澤 拓郎
    2017 年 17 巻 1 号 p. 1-38
    発行日: 2017/11/30
    公開日: 2017/12/13
    ジャーナル フリー

    This study aimed at revealing the technologies involved and functions of indigenous calendar systems in West Sumba, Indonesia, through analyses of intercalation methods, inter-area synchronization methods, and the reality of time reckoning. I found that the observation of the solar cycle in a mountain-top village in Lamboya District played a determinative role in the intercalation and times of the Loli and Wanokaka Districts, which were synchronized to this cycle through the Podu and Pasola Rituals, respectively, in the Month of Bitterness and the Month of Sea Worms. In addition, the Loli District played a key role in the inter-area synchronization of the ‘end of the year’ beyond district boundaries, while the Lamboya and Wanokaka Districts cross-checked the existence or absence of a natural phenomenon: sea worm (nyale) swarming. People recognized the Month of Bitterness as predicting the coming of the rainy season and the period for preparing garden crops (e.g. maize and millet) and the Month of Sea Worms as the end of the peak of heavy rains and the start of the period for planting rice in paddy terraces. In conclusion, this study found that the indigenous calendar was not fixed in a form of ‘cells’ but was flexible based on certain solar, lunar, natural, and cultural signals. This is a simple technology and a non-conscious calendar but it is very adaptive to these people’s subsistence and is potentially resilient to extreme weather events.

  • 間 永次郎
    2017 年 17 巻 1 号 p. 39-72
    発行日: 2017/11/30
    公開日: 2017/12/13
    ジャーナル フリー

    This paper examines the relationship between Gandhi’s first nationalist movement (1919-1922) and his contemporaneous experiments with brahmacarya (sexual celibacy). Although voluminous works have dealt with Gandhi’s political engagements in the first nationalist movement, they have dismissed the significance of Gandhi’s experiments with brahmacarya during the movement; thus they have failed to unravel the reason behind Gandhi’s sudden suspension in response to the Chauri-Chaura riot. In this paper, I explore the development of Gandhi’s core idea of brahmacarya, namely “semen-retention (vīryasaṇgrah),” during 1918 to 1922. In so doing, I show that Gandhi’s purportedly “odd” and “paradoxical” ideas of “nonviolence in violence” (“hiṃsāmāṃ ahiṃsā”) and the “ethics of destruction” (the public burning of foreign clothes) during the movement were intimately linked to Gandhi’s inner psychological tensions created by his repressed manner of brahmacarya. Gandhi kept his “silence” about the massacre of the Moplah riot, which caused 10,000 deaths, but he suddenly responded to the Chauri-Chaura riot, which only caused 23 deaths. This was because only the latter could have made Gandhi aware of his inadequate manner of brahmacarya. What mattered to Gandhi was not the scale of physical violence in the outer-world, but rather the scale of the psycho-physical violence of his sexual desire.

  • 伊賀 司
    2017 年 17 巻 1 号 p. 73-102
    発行日: 2017/11/30
    公開日: 2017/12/13
    ジャーナル フリー

    This paper explores the politics of sexuality issues (sexuality politics) between the government and the LGBT movement in Malaysia since the 1980s. The Malaysian LGBT movement has faced repressive government policies and discrimination from society. However, some LGBT movements in the post-Mahathir era, such as Seksualiti Merdeka, Justice for Sisters, and Pelangi, have associated with the other NGOs and social movements and actively advocated the protection of LGBT people’s human rights in public spaces.

    This paper explores when and how sexuality politics between the state and the LGBT movement appeared in Malaysia. Four incidents or moments were found to be important for the birth of sexuality politics in Malaysia: Islamization since the 1980s, the Asian Values discourse during the Mahathir administration, the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and the sodomy court case of Anwar Ibrahim. In the post-Mahathir era, the state has introduced new ways of repressing LGBT people, while the LGBT movements have also adopted new strategies.

書評
  • 2017 年 17 巻 1 号 p. 103-135
    発行日: 2017/11/30
    公開日: 2017/12/13
    ジャーナル フリー

    近藤則夫. 『現代インド政治―多様性の中の民主主義』名古屋大学出版会, 2015年, 608 p.

    上田 知亮


    キム ギュンテ・カン ヒョンテ. 『ウズベキスタン・コリョ・サラムの移住と生活』ソウル: グルヌリム, 2015年, 284 p.(김균태, 강현모. 『우즈베키스탄 고려인의 이주와 삶』서울: 글누림, 2015, 284 p.)

    李 眞恵


    Ronald A. Messier and James A. Miller. The Last Civilized Place: Sijilmasa and Its Saharan Destiny. Austin: The University of Texas Press, 2015, xiv+280 p.

    平山 草太


    佐藤奈穂. 『カンボジア農村に暮らすメマーイ(寡婦たち)―貧困に陥らない社会の仕組み』京都大学学術出版会, 2017年, 260 p.

    初鹿野直美


    <太田至総編集 アフリカ潜在力1>松田素二・平野(野元)美佐編. 『紛争をおさめる文化―不完全性とブリコラージュの実践』京都大学学術出版会, 2016年, 406 p.

    田中 正隆


    <太田至総編集 アフリカ潜在力2>遠藤 貢編. 『武力紛争を越える―せめぎ合う制度と戦略のなかで』京都大学学術出版会, 2016年, 360 p.

    牧野久美子


    <太田至総編集 アフリカ潜在力3>高橋基樹・大山修一編. 『開発と共生のはざまで―国家と市場の変動を生きる』京都大学学術出版会, 2016年, 430 p.

    辻村 英之


    <太田至総編集 アフリカ潜在力4>重田眞義・伊谷樹一編. 『争わないための生業実践―生態資源と人びとの関わり』京都大学学術出版会, 2016年, 360 p.

    坂梨 健太


    <太田至総編集 アフリカ潜在力5>山越 言・目黒紀夫・佐藤 哲編. 『自然は誰のものか―住民参加型保全の逆説を乗り越える』京都大学学術出版会, 2016年, 300 p.

    鬼頭 秀一

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