Rehabilitation professionals increasingly understand that psychological issue is an important key to achieve rehabilitation goals. Previous studies proved that body image has significant relationship with amputation rehabilitation, however, measurements on body image are not well stated. The aim of this study is to develop a Chinese version of Amputee Body Image Scale (CABIS). In this study, linguistic validity, content validity, test-retest reliability and construct-validity were examined. The 20 items CABIS showed with clear presentation and good content understandability. Expert panel agreed that CABIS covered major constructs in body image for patients after amputation. Moreover, test-retest reliability was found to be good (α= .857, p< .01). A three-factor structure can be extracted from factor analysis. These three factors were personal factor, social factor and functional factor. Furthermore, the internal consistency of the three individual factors and the overall CABIS were .852, .826, .636, and .694 respectively. The moderate internal consistency further confirmed that the items within each factor of the CABIS measure the same construct. Some psychometric properties of CABIS were collected. Further research on criterion-related validity and improvement on factor stability are recommended.
The purpose of this study is to improve the elderly' quality of life examining the factors which influence their quality of life and related different components. The main results of this research are as follows; 1. The relationship between the demographic characteristics and quality of life was analyzed, respondents who had higher educational background or standard of living showed higher level of quality of life. 2. The relationship between the health perception characteristics and quality of life was analyzed, the respondents who responded as “I am healthy.” or “I am healthier than same aged people.” showed higher level of quality of life. 3. The relationship between the physical and functional condition of the elderly and quality of life was analyzed. The results showed that male respondents had higher quality of life than female, and had higher educational background showed higher level of quality of life. 4. The relationship between the 6 factors’ viewpoint according to health perception characteristics and quality of life was analyzed, the respondents who responded as “I am healthy.” or “I am healthier than same aged people.” showed higher level of quality of life. The results of this study showed that the influential factor affecting the elderly' quality of life was the health perception factor. Therefore, it is required that the program of senior citizen academy should include systematic health promotion education reflecting the elderly' demand.