A new araneid species Zygiella hiramatsui n. sp. is described using specimens obtained from Amami-ôshima Island, Japan. This species can be distinguished from allied Z. dispar by the much wider median area of the epigyne, or an unnamed apophysis neighboring the embolus that is short and truncated and a horn shaped apophysis of the tegulum in the male palp. It is uncommon for Zygiella spiders to inhabit subtropical regions, but this is the case for Z. hiramatsui n. sp. So it might be introduced previously into Amami-ôshima Is. from unknown habitat.
Two spider species, Uloborus plumipes Lucas 1846 and Dipoena pelorosa Zhu 1998, have been newly recorded in Japan. Uloborus plumipes is widespread throughout the old world, but was not previously found in Japan. Dipoena pelorosa was found only in China.
We describe a new species of scorpion from the Caatinga of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Ananteris otavianoi sp. nov. can be distinguished from other Ananteris by the following combination of characters: blackish brown spots up to the medial surface of the chelicerae; pectinal tooth count and some structures measurements. In addition, data on natural history are showed and discussed.
A new species of scorpion belonging to the genus Troglokhammouanus Lourenço 2007 (family Pseudochactidae) is described on the basis of a female collected in Tham Nam Lot cave, Khammouane Province, Laos. This represents the second known record of a scorpion of the genus Troglokhammouanus, which is only known from Laos.
Piranthus decorus Thorell 1895 is recorded for the first time in India. This species has never been rediscovered for 122 years since it was described as a new genus and species. Detailed diagnostic illustrations and photographs are provided along with map.
A new species of the spider genus Anyphaena (Araneae: Anyphaenidae), Anyphaena yoshitakei sp. nov., is described on the basis of specimens obtained from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. The male palpal structure of this species is similar to those of males of A. taiwanensis and A. pugil, but this species can be distinguished by the lack of palpal femur spines. The female can be easily distinguished from females of Asian congeneric species by the shape of the longitudinal middle furrow of the epigyne.