野生生物と社会
Online ISSN : 2424-2365
Print ISSN : 2424-0877
ISSN-L : 2424-0877
1 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の12件中1~12を表示しています
特集
原著
  • 富田 涼都
    原稿種別: 原著
    2014 年 1 巻 2 号 p. 35-48
    発行日: 2014/05/01
    公開日: 2017/06/16
    ジャーナル フリー
    In recent years, wildlife management projects have been required to build consensus among large numbers of stakeholders. However, this is far from being an easy task, since many people hold diverse values regarding the natural environment, and do not necessarily place less significance on the conservation of biodiversity. In this study, we conducted an analysis of the Japanese nature restoration project at Lake Kasumigaura, in east-central Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan, from which we derived the following conclusions. First, issue framing in environmental conservation projects is based only on scientific views of the problem and solutions, which are intended to reject diverse values regarding the natural environment and citizen participation in the political arena. Second, environmental research that involves stakeholders is effective for building a consensus for environmental governance through highlighting and mediating the diverse values expressed by stakeholders regarding the natural environment. Lastly, the analysis conducted in this study suggests that consensus building in environmental governance needs to bring out the diverse values in the relationship between wildlife and human society.
  • 久保 雄広
    原稿種別: 原著
    2014 年 1 巻 2 号 p. 49-60
    発行日: 2014/05/01
    公開日: 2017/06/16
    ジャーナル フリー
    With increasing conflicts concerning wildlife issues, wildlife managers are continually challenged by stakeholders' expectations about wildlife management. To assist wildlife managers in their decision making, I used a choice experiment to examine the heterogeneity of resident preferences for brown bears (Ursus arctos) management in Shibetsu Town, northern Japan. In July 2011, a questionnaire survey was mailed to randomly selected residents. The result of a latent class model, which included respondents' characteristics and familiarity with bears as membership variables, showed the residents' heterogeneous preferences. Respondents were then segmented into two different groups. One group preferred to keep the bear population in the forest. This group also preferred using nonlethal measures (e.g., scaring bears) when bears roam into the town and croplands; yet, the group did not prefer installing electric fences around the town perimeter. In contrast, the other group persisted in lethal measures for bears caught in town, although they expressed indifference regarding the bear population, management of the croplands, fence installation, and management costs. Moreover, the latter group conveyed a greater fear of bears, though it had fewer experiences sighting wild bears than the former group. This study's findings suggest that bear management should be conducted considering residents' heterogeneity.
  • 角田 裕志, 大橋 春香, 齊藤 正恵, 堀江 玲子, 野場 啓, 小池 伸介, 星野 義延, 戸田 浩人, 梶 光一
    原稿種別: 原著
    2014 年 1 巻 2 号 p. 61-70
    発行日: 2014/05/01
    公開日: 2017/06/16
    ジャーナル フリー
    To determine the foraging sites of wild boar (Sus scrofa), we conducted a rooting-track census between 2010 and 2011 in hilly (Shingo District) and mountainous regions (Himuro District) of Sano, Tochigi Prefecture. We also collected and analyzed boar feces during the study period. The number of rooting tracks was found to be significantly higher in abandoned fields than in other land-cover types in autumn and winter in Shingo and throughout the study period in Himuro. In addition, fibers (including undigested residues of roots, stems, and leaves) and monocots were frequently found in feces sampled throughout the period in both areas. These findings indicated that wild boar foraged at abandoned fields, where graminoid plants were predominant. In both regions, the number of rooting tracks was higher in bamboo forests in spring and summer, and shoots of bamboo were frequently found in feces sampled in spring. This may be associated with seasonal changes in food availability (i.e., growth of bamboo shoots). The number of rooting tracks was lower in coniferous forests in both regions and in human settlements in Shingo. The results of the present study indicated that the selection of foraging sites by wild boar was mainly associated with food availability and sometimes affected by the intensity of human activities.
第18回大会シンポジウム
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