The author tried to elucidate the points of criticism by the Japanese businessmen on the contemporary education in commerce, taking up the case of Tameyuki Amano, a famous Meiji economist, teacher and publisher. Amano emphasized the practcalization of school education in Japan through his writing and promotive activities. He was afraid that the business activities in Japan had been obstructed by the shortage of able young managerial talents, and emphasized the urgent needs for education massive would be salalied managers. Especially he expected that the high schools, colleges and universities in Japan should bring up a large number of middle management and young clerical staffs.
It is often said that the modernization of distribution system would usually lag behind industrialization. However, in British economic history, there are two contradictory views of the problem : whether or not the Industrial Revolution in England was accompanied by a retail revolution. In examining this debate, we must consider the retailing of this period from the side of consumers who intervened into the distribution system.For example, the Rochdale Pioneers established the base from which the true modernization of distribution system started.
The silk-spooling industry was one of the important traditional industries in Japan, developed since before the Meiji Restoration. Before World War II it developed in many localities as a key export industry and accerelated the overall development of capitalistic production in Japan by earning handsome foreign exchange. However, after World War II, the conditions of the industry changed conspicuously. The new synthetic fibres, especially “nylon” took the place of raw silk as a raw material of the U. S. fullfashioned hosiery industry. On the other hand, the rapid economic growth, especially the development of heavy and chemical industries, pulled apart laboreres from the toilsome manual labor in the silk-spooling industry. Many silk-spooling firms have closed their factories and diversified their investment into many other industries. Some of them have been going forward to invest in foreign countries, such as Brasil and Paraguary. The Katakura and the Gunze have taken the lead in such new development.