BULLETIN OF KIRYU UNIVERSITY
Online ISSN : 2435-7049
Print ISSN : 2186-4748
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Showing 1-23 articles out of 23 articles from the selected issue
  • Herchel Machacon
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 1-8
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
    Social media has been utilized by health organizations as a tool to disseminate health related information, and as a platform for users to voice out their sentiments or opinions. Coronavirus disease COVID-19 has continued to greatly impact the lives of people around the world. This paper aims to discover hidden topics, sub-topics, or themes within the corpus of tweets regarding the state of emergency in Japan due to the novel coronavirus by conducting a quantitative analysis of text data mined from Twitter. Three distinct clusters of words which represent sub-topics or themes were identified from thousands of tweets containing the keyword “state of emergency”. These are concerns regarding the closure of business establishments and the cancellation of events, gift promotion plan strategies, and concerns regarding the effects of the declaration of the state of emergency. Discovering insights hidden in tweets using the approach described in this study is an effective way of monitoring and gauging public opinion which leads to the creation of novel strategies as well as the evaluation of existing or current strategies.
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  • Yasuhiko Osawa, Kaori Okamoto
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 9-14
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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    This study examined the influence that the elementary and junior-high school student’s relationship with classmates to the class-commitments. We used the multiple regression analysis by the forced entry method that assumed independent variable, the class-commitments a dependent variable in the student’s relationship with classmates. As a result, in the elementary school students, the class-commitments were influenced by the“ approval score ” of the school student's relationship in a positive way, and in a junior high-school students,“ Affective foctor” and“ group-identification factor” of the class-commitments were influenced by the“ approval score” of the school student's relationship in a positive way.
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  • Yohko Tachibana, Ayako Osawa, Tosei Takahashi
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 15-23
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
    This study aimed to elucidate the association between subjective problems of difficulties in accessing foods and dietary variety or locomotive syndrome among the community-dwelling Japanese older adult population. As a result, 24.5% of the subjects had a subjective problems of food access, and they were high score of dietary variety score, and Locomo 25 which is one of the diagnosis tests of locomotive syndrome. In addition, it was clarified that it is related to health indicators such as obesity and high abdominal circumference in men, and high diastolic blood pressure in women. From the distribution of dietary variety score, it can be seen that the dietary variety of the elderly are not uniform. It was suggested that the importance of public nutrition policy to spend a lifetime in familiar area.
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  • Questionnaire Focused on Intravenous Management
    Sachie Yoshida, Saeko Kinugawa
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 25-31
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
    [Purpose] The purpose of this study is to clarify the characteristics of the medical safety-related non-technical skills (NSTs) of 2-year nursing-school graduates. [Method] We conducted a write-in questionnaire to students in the last year of nursing education of 5 different 2-year nursing- schools. The contents were about intravenous management, consisting of 30 items regarding the utilization of NSTs : 8 “situation recognition” items, 11“ decision-making” items and 11“ communication and network” items. Further, we weighed each item for“ practice frequency” and“ degree of achievement” by 4-scale Likert scale. We calculated the descriptive statistics scoring into 1 - 4 points using the standard 4-scale Likert scale. [Results] Answers among 30 items of“ practice frequency” and“ degree of achievement” from 116 students. We studied the items scoring more than 80% of“ 4. I always do” and“ 3. I sometimes do”. Among 8 situation recognition items, we studied 6“ practice frequency” and 3“ degree of achievement” items. Of the 11“ decision-making” items, we studied 4“ practice frequency” and 1“ degree of achievement.” Of the 11 items of communication and network, we picked up 5“ practice frequency” items and 1“ degree of achievement.” [Discussion] Second-year students in the 2-year nursing-schools showed that the“ practice frequency” characteristic of NTSs is high but the“ degree of achievement” is low, indicating that despite the actual clinical performance of many of NTSs, the students have not acquired clinical self-confidence.  All this suggests the need for clinical education to improve the NTSs of 2-year nursing-school students in the near future.
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  • A Preference Sensory Evaluation with Physicochemical Properties as Indices
    Karin Sekiya, Yukako Suto, Katsumi Arai, Haruaki Kageyama, Tosei Taka ...
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 33-42
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
     Steam Convection Oven (SCO), with its production efficiency and easily controlled cooking temperature and time, is in big demand from large-scale cooking facilities. Therefore, establishing ideal rice cooking methods using an SCO benefits business management and promotes healthy food service facilities. The aim of this study was to clarify how different kinds of physiological properties are related to palatability. We measured thermal history, gravimetric, moisture content, and texture of cooked rice using both large- and small-scale cooking equipment. We used an SCO and a gas-rice cooker as cooking equipment for the former and an induction heating (IH)-rice cooker for the latter. In addition, we estimated palatability via a preference sensory evaluation. We set the SCO to 150 or 170℃, and found that the rice boiled faster in an SCO compared with both the IH-rice cooker and gas-rice cooker. Notably, the lower layer of the SCO (set at 170℃) was the most efficient cooking method. Physiological properties were affected by both the boiling duration and maximum temperature. However, the cooked rice tended to be more clustered and stickier when cooked in the SCO at 170℃. The collapsing rice cells and the outflow of starch was thought to contribute to the clustering and stickiness. There is no significant difference in palatability between the different methods utilized to cook the rice. However, the preference sensory evaluation revealed a lower assessment in all questionnaires for the cooked rice from the SCO at 150℃. In future, investigations of cooking time and additional amounts of water for cooking rice using the SCO at 170℃ should be pursued.
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  • Hiroji Ishii, Junichi Yamazaki
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 43-50
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
     During the period of self-isolation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, our university began a remote class that utilized Microsoft Teams. In this study, we employed the Teams User Report logs to analyze the actual conditions of use and clarify the usefulness of the software’s functions. In addition, we examined the availability of ICT in university education after the COVID-19 pandemic. At first, we examined the users’ device usage by analyzing the activity log that can be acquired in MS Teams. Next, we examined the user activity counts for the spring semester, which involved an investigation of users’ Teams chat messages, private chat messages, calls, and meetings. Further, the activity counts were aggregated every 7 days, and an approximate line was calculated through the least-square method by using a z-score. Additionally, we examined the difference in activities performed each day of the week using the Kruskal-Wallis and Bonferroni method. The results revealed that about half of the students had been attending remote classes using an iOS device. When the iOS and Android numbers were compiled, it was found that about 60% of the students had been attending classes using a mobile device. Every activity displayed a downward trend during the second half of the examined period. However, private chat messages displayed a different trend in comparison to the other activities. The results clarified that the use of private chat messages was and will continue to remain useful for students once face-to-face classes begin.
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  • Naoki Matsubara
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 51-60
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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     The livelihood protection system, which is positioned as the last safety net, obliges the people to guarantee a ”healthy and cultural minimum life”. In the actual operation of the livelihood protection system, several court cases have been filed over the livelihood protection system over the violation of Article 25 of the Constitution. As the number of elderly people, who make up a large proportion of welfare recipients, is increasing, we examined the judicial precedents and theories surrounding Article 25 of the Constitution as to whether Article 25 of the Constitution could serve as the final safety net.
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  • Yoko Kobayashi
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 61-67
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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     Numerous types of odorants are incorporated in foods, and they provide the specific flavor of different foods. N-hexanal and n-nonanal are saturated aliphatic aldehydes with six and nine carbon chains, respectively, that are often included in foods.  We hypothesize that odorants from food are taken into the body with other nutrients and exert specific physiological effects.  Previously, we showed that hexanal or nonanal stimulated dopamine release in rat brain stratum slices and rat PC12 cells.  Bacterial luciferases catalyze the oxidation of aliphatic aldehydes and FMNH2 into carboxylic acid and FMN, resulting in the emission of blue-green light. A pCMVlux vector contains the gene cassette of human optimized synthetic luciferase under a cytomegalovirus promoter.  In this study, I attempted to detect the light emitted by the bacterial luciferase in COS7 cells, which are derived from the kidney of African green monkeys, transfected with pCMVlux (COS7-pCMVlux). The light intensity of the bacterial luciferase was detected after addition of nonanal and hexanal to COS7-pCMVlux cells. The luciferase activity was higher with nonanal as the substrate than with hexanal. Addition of reduced FMN to the assay solution enhanced the light intensity of the bacterial luciferase in the presence of nonanal. On the other hand, after sonication of COS7-pCMVlux cells, the luciferase activity was low despite addition of reduced FMN and nonanal. The half-life of the bacterial luciferase light emission with nonanal as the substrate was approximately 15 s in COS7-pCMVlux cells. These results suggest that nonanal is taken into COS7 cells.
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  • A literature review
    Hiromi Onbe, Mikiko Shimada, Chiho Yamazaki
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 69-78
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
     The present study aimed to examine the factors affecting presenteeism among working women in Japan. Published articles were searched using Japanese database (“Igaku chuo zasshi)”. Two stages of screening using the following criteria: study population, study design, measurement tool and related factors. We analyzed the extracted articles using evidence tables.  Four articles were extracted, and all were cross-sectional studies. The study populations were care works, nurses and working woman in various occupations. Various questionnaires were used to measure the presenteeism for the labor productivity.  Low back pain, burnout, premenstrual syndrome and organizational factors were identified as related factors of presenteeism among working women. Further studies are needed to examine individual and organizational factors related to presenteeism among working women in order to prevent work performance reduction at organizational level.
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  • Noboru Iwata, Donald A. Lloyd, Eric F. Wagner, R. Jay Turner
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 79-90
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
    Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to determine the measuring properties of items from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children—Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder module (DISC-ADHD) across gender and four racial/ethnic groups from a US community sample of young adults.
    Method: For the dimensionality investigation, responses to both attention-deficit (AD) and hyperactivity disorder (HD) items These responses were obtained from 226 subjects who were both inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive while in their childhood. were investigate using confirmatory factor analysis. Differential item functioning (DIF) by gender and race/ethnicity was investigated separately for the nine AD items from 389 subjects who were inattentive in their childhood and the ten HD items from 508 subjects who were hyperactive or impulsive.
    Results: The 19 DISC-ADHD items were distinguished by subtype one corresponded to AD and another corresponded to HD. The DIF investigation revealed that two AD and three HD items functioned differently between genders, and two AD and six HD items functioned differently for one or two racial/ethnic groups (as compared to non-Hispanic Whites). However, the over-endorsement and under-endorsement of these DIF items might be offset, resulting in no remarkable differential functioning at the diagnosis level.
    Conclusion: Both AD and HD defined by the DISC-ADHD appeared to be a unidimensional construct, which corresponded to the DSM-IV. The DISC diagnoses for AD and HD were not remarkably biased, although some item-level biases were observed by gender and race/ethnicity.
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  • Yohko Tachibana, Mieko Kanbe, Yayoi Masuno, Mikiko Shimada, Yoko Saito ...
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 91-98
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
     In“ Registered dietitian comprehensive exercise II”, which is a compulsory subject in the 4th year of the department of nutrition, Kiryu University, we educated the knowledge and skills of specialized practical subjects based on the knowledge acquired in the basic subjects, and nutrition education ability, management ability and communication ability to improve the comprehensive application skills in remote teaching system. Through all 15 lessons, we organized the lessons with learning contents that can developly integrate the ability, and by incorporating exercises based on group work, the students accepted various ideas and derived the optimum method. Due to this, they acquired the applied ability to integrate the knowledge and technology required of advanced registered dietitians who will lead the 21st century and connect theory and practice, and the practical ability to discover problems by yourself and solve problems in collaboration with multiple occupations. In the future, it is necessary to establish this exercise as a subject that will lead to the development of registered dietitians who can contribute to the local community, while making improvements with a view to professional ethics and research ability.
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  • Akiko Matsunuma, Tamae Futawatari
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 99-107
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
    [Purpose] clarify the thought of patients with cancer which caught the peer support to clarify a problem necessary to promote peer support. [Method] I searched a peer group, peer support, feelings, sympathy patient psychology, the talk in a keyword for a tumor and, using a medical central magazine Web version from 1985 through 2018 (Ver5), intended for 15 cases along the study purpose. I calculated a description statistic about the number of the theses, the study method. As for the contents of the thought, qualitative; analyzed it inductively. [Result] As a result of having classified a record unit 63 unit, cord 36, the meaning contents of each cord based on similarity, [healing to get from the daily life with the peer], [tangle to hold in a peer] were extracted from 15 articles that came to apply 14 subcategories, seven categories [a cancer to get from a peer and power to live], [relief to be provided by being able to talk], [relief not to be only oneself], [after the treatment I can image it a sense of relief to the future], [new thought to live with a cancer]. [Consideration] It thinks to support to be able to notice the change of the way of thinking own as the first step that lives with a cancer while patients with cancer meet a peer by [new thought to live with a cancer], [healing to get from the daily life with the peer] and feel continued daily life that necessary. In addition, by [tangle to hold in a peer], effective support and the intervention that it is think about the medical person for a cancer patient by grasping influence after selection of peer support and the participation that matched a purpose that necessary.
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  • Kana Kumakura, Kimie Nakajima, Yuki Miyamoto, Miyu Kayama, Hiroji Ishi ...
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 109-114
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
     Food loss has become a serious international environmental problem, and it was taken up as an important issue at the United Nations Summit on Sustainable Development 2015. And in Japan, the ”Act on Promotion of Food Loss and Waste Reduction” was enforced in 2019. As for a nutritionist training facility, it is required to carry out food education activities to reduce food loss from the aspect of food service management.  In this study, the residual food rate of menus for the past three years conducted in the on-campus training was tabulated and examined by year, style, and format. By year, there was a gradual increase. By style, there was no significant difference in the residual food rate between Japanese food, Western food, and Chinese food. By format, the residual food rate in the staple food was the lowest, and the ones in the main dish and side dish were higher than the one in the staple food, and a significant difference was observed between the staple food and the side dish. It can be pointed out that there is a tendency that the residual food rate is relatively lower in unfamiliar tastes and dishes than the one in familiar tastes and dishes. By using this tendency, it may be possible to create menus with a lower residual meal rate and consequently food loss will be reduced.
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  • Public health nurses’ perspectives
    Minako Danbara, Hideo Yamazaki
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 115-123
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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     There has been little evaluation of training programs for health promotion volunteers (HPVs) to address community health issues. This paper describes the implementation and evaluation of a two-year public health nurse-initiated training program developed by the researchers in four resident organizations. In year 1 the program covered aspects of the HPV’s election; role; purpose and goals; activities’ annual activity planning; impacts on the community and annual activity reports. In year 2 the program included HPV activities’ purpose and goals; reconfirmation of the roles; and interaction with successful HPVs in other organizations. After the program, a semi-structured group interview was conducted with three health nurses regarding their perception of outcomes and challenges, and data were analyzed qualitatively and inductively.  Nurses listed a number of achievements including HPVs increased willingness to engage in activities due to an official acknowledgment of the role and position; success in meeting residents’ needs; a successful determination of optimal levels and timing of support; ongoing support until HPVs become autonomous; increased sense of accomplishment; and ability to empower residents. The only problem identified was the need to ensure clarity around program objectives and planning.  This case study suggests that the training program effectively developed health promotion activities in the community; however, larger scale evaluations are indicated and evaluations from the perspectives of HPVs and residents against agreed outcome indicators.
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  • practical training record analysis
    Ikumi Nakamura, Yoshiko Katano, Kazuya Okano
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 125-131
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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    [Objective] The present study aimed to promote students’ understanding of community living support for individuals with mental disorders based on an analysis of students’ practical training records from psychiatric nursing practical training in the community. [Methods] Analysis was performed according to B. Berelson’s content analysis methodology. [Results] Practical training record analysis generated 450 recording units. These were grouped into two core categories, ‘Users active at community living support centers’ and ‘User support and connection with the local community’, containing the following six categories:“ Community living support centers as places”,“ Actual user activities”,“ Characteristics of users who shared activities”,“ Support for users”,“ The connection between community living support centers and local communities”, and“ How to support users in the future”. [Discussion] Students recognized the importance of a place for‘ Users active at community living support centers’ to engage in daytime activities and the sociality fostered through the activities. Changes in students’ perspectives towards users were also identified. Recognizing the importance of‘ User support and connection with the local community’, students gave deeper thought on how to support users in the future. [Conclusion] Regarding user support and connection with the local community, students believed that support should help users to live with their desired self-agency and that users’ quality of life can be increased by helping them to live in society connected to the community so that mutual understanding with community members can deepen. While students hoped for creation of a social environment in which healthy and disabled individuals help each other, they were also able to recognize the realities that impede social rehabilitation.
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  • Comparison of individuals with or without dementia
    Kazuko Horiguchi, Noboru Iwata, Mami Kubota
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 133-141
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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     This study evaluated the physical and psychological states of elderly people with/without dementia when they stop living independently and the available social resources for these individuals. Care managers who had experience with elderly people who stopped living independently completed a questionnaire survey. Of the 520 questionnaires distributed, 198 (38%) were returned and 191 were available for this study; these questionnaires included data of 112 elderly clients with dementia and 79 without dementia. In both groups, the clients stopped living alone at a mean age of 83 or 84 years old. Elderly people with dementia required a greater degree of long-term care due to poor instrumental activities of daily living; they also experienced more difficulties with daily activities and health management. For most elderly clients, a certain amount of support was provided by their children and families who lived separately, particularly regarding financial management and consulting with care managers. Families of elderly clients without dementia communicated verbally more often with the clients. Community residents tended to care more for clients with dementia than for those without dementia, i.e., they had more frequent contact with the clients with dementia to confirm their safety and with care managers and family members living separately. Clients with dementia utilized outpatient services, whereas clients without dementia utilized welfare resources. Support and mutual cooperation from families living separately, local residents, and care professionals may be crucial for elderly people who wish to continue living independently.
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  • Yoshifusa Minowa
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 143-152
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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     It is necessary for the learner to continue learning while looking back, and both the learner and the teacher need to see the learning situation and the learner's transformation from the description of reflection in the learning process. It is expected that learning will be possible. However, as learning progresses, the amount of retrospective explanation increases. It is not easy to grasp the learning situation and changes from the explanation. Attempts have been made to visualize learners' retrospective descriptions by text mining, but there is little debate about what visualization methods are effective.  In this paper, we examined what kind of visualization method is effective for understanding the learning situation and transformation from the description of the learner's reflection. As a result, by using the co-occurrence network, it is possible to know in detail what the students have learned, the connection of the words explained by the students in retrospect, and the learning situation and transformation in detail. I will It became clear that it was most effective to present the retrospective explanation as it was.
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  • Masako Hashimoto
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 153-160
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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     This study suggested that I conveyed a special product using local ingredients in the next generation.  I think the artifact which made the agricultural produce in an area a raw material needs the feature of the area and development to cooking.  Agricultural produce as locally produced item true consumption method were considered.  And I think it's desirable if agricultural produce utilized for the respective providing meals facilities can be offered after graduation.
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  • Yukako Suto, Rina Hatta, Hiroko Nozawa
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 161-164
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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  • Activities from 2017 to 2019
    Motoko Ohinata
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 165-172
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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  • Akihiro Sakae
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 173-175
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
    RESEARCH REPORT / TECHNICAL REPORT OPEN ACCESS
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  • Chieko Igeta, Mirai Ishikita, Akihiro Sakae
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 177-179
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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  • Yukino Ichinei, Yoko Saito, Kimiko Miyahara
    2020 Volume 31 Pages 181-187
    Published: 2020
    Released: May 19, 2021
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