The purpose of this study was to investigate the significance of the shout in Kendo among children. The shout was classified into two types, namely, the Kakegoe and the Datotsubuikosho. The following results were obtained. 1. The Kakegoe of Kendo, which is an expressive or emotional vocalization, refreshes the mind by clearing out the everyday thoughts. The meaning of the Kakegoe was discussed according to the hypothesis of IKAI Michio, which states that shouting is one of the best ways to remove internal inhibitions of the brain. 2. According to research in zoology, other sports, and the history of Kendo, a child who practices Kendo has an instinctive and emotional urge to demonstrate their victory. This study suggests that a child substitutes the vocal Datotsubuikosho for their urge to express triumph physically, something which is not approved of by custom. The Datotsubuikosho can thus relieve the child's frustration. The Datotsubuikosho has the significance which is useful for the controls on the limbic system in Kendo among children.
This article aims at analyzing the view of swords in the traditional books of Kenjutsu in the Edo period. The view of swords in the traditional books of Kenjutsu reffers chiefly to myth. From the mythological image may begathered. The purpose of this paper, based on the standpoint of structuralism, is to clarify the constitutive position of the mythological image in the view of swords as a whole in the traditional books of Kenjutsu. Several new findings might be summarized as follows: 1. A (system), connected with the Three Sacred Regalia, has carried weight with the view of swords of Kenj utsu. 2. The former-mentioned (system) has risen above its own level (i. e. latent consciousness level·common understanding level·real activities level) and forged newly transcendental (sysem). 3. This mechanism can be explained that the (structure) of the forme (system), connected with the Three Sacred. Regalia, is a mold of the latter (system). 4. The mythological image tied two (systems) together. 5. Being accompanied by a major assumption of the formation of a new (system), the mythological image had (inductive property).
The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes of the defenders' eye movements, meaning so-called “Metsuke” in Kendo, during the action of the attackers on video tape. The subjects were students belonging to Kendo club, who have experienced Kendo for several years. To investigate the changes of eye movements, we observed the eye fixation time and the number of. fixations: we then computed the fixate location. The results are shown as follows: 1. Difference of the fixation time was 0.774 sec. for 3 sec. between the upper part defined as head to hands of the attackers and the lower part defined as Tare to feet. The difference of the number of fixation 1.32 times for every 3 sec. 2. The average fixate locations The eye fixation on the neck to the shoulders held the longest fixation time and the most number of fixations. The fixation at the feet held the shortest fixation time and the fewest number of fixations. 3. The fixation time and number of fixations (individuals) obviously showed the differences between the upper part and lower part. 4. The average fixate locations (Individuals) The eye fixation from the neck to the shoulders held the longest fixation time and the most number of fixations. The fixation at the feet held the shortest fixation time and the fewest number of fixations.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between defensive methods and fundamental physical fitness of Judo players. Thirty-six physical fitness measures were administered to ninety-one Judo players. At the same time, throwing techniques and defensive methods which were executed by them at eighty-four contests were recorded. Difference of the means of physical fitness measures by the defensive methods was investigated with analysis of variance. And then, in order to investigate comprehensive correlation between defensive methods and physical fitness, multiple discriminate analysis was applied to the correlation matrix which was calculated with physical fitness measures and defensive methods. The following results were obtained: 1) Significant correlation between defensive methods and fundamental physical fitness was found in nine throwing techniques and twenty-eight physical fitness measures. 2) The defensive methods by using body weight frequently were used in opposition to the ASHIWAZA (foot techniques)such as Deashi-barai, Okuriashi-barai, Ouchi-gari and Kouchi-gari. 3) The players who were excellent in power and agility, frequently used the defensive methods by a counter attack. 4) Significant correlation between defensive methods and morphological feature was not found in lengthwise growth, but in broadwise growth and amount growth. 5) There were significant correlations between defensive methods and functional features in dynamic strength, static strength and power.
The main theme of Japanese Academy of Budo was to study the history and technology of Japanese Budo. It would be necessarry for us to research the combat Sports is the Orient after this. Taking part in the 3rd Chinese International Shorin Bujutsu tournament, I consider about the form and substance of Bujutsu tournament and the history of Shorin Bujutsu. 1) Shorin Bujutsu was the roots of chinesebujutsu. At 5 centuries, some priests have practiced Shorin Bujutsu at Shorin temple. According to Kikoshinsyo written by Keisekiko, the founder of Snorin Bujutsu was Chokyoin who devised 32 kenpou and bludgeon. Priests practicing kenpou based on kick named Hokuken and people practicing kenpou based on push with hands named Nan Ken. Also there was the arts of fencing, whip, sward and stick in Shorin Bujutsu. 2) There are Shorin-ken, Taikyoku-ken, Nan-ken, Sword, Stick and Bludgeon in Kata contest of Bujutsu tournament. Each player does not make a bow each other because of practicing it as Bujutsu rather than as Budo. As a match called Sanda, they combat each other with push, kick and throwing. A contestant matches 10 classes of weightism and puts on protecter. The technique of winning is to be seen by throwing rather than pushing and kicking.