武道学研究
Online ISSN : 2185-8519
Print ISSN : 0287-9700
ISSN-L : 0287-9700
28 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の6件中1~6を表示しています
  • 松本 デビット, 武内 政幸, 松浦 義行, 小森 富士登, 竹内 幸子, 中島 〓, 飯田 穎男, 田中 秀幸, パラシオ ミッシェル・
    1995 年 28 巻 2 号 p. 1-12
    発行日: 1995/11/30
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    柔道に関する研究では,競技的側面に対するものが主流である。しかし,柔道の国際化促進とこのスポーッの重要性に対しより理解を深めるためには,様々な観点から研究を進める必要がある。そのひとつとして,柔道に対するイメージの比較文化研究があげられる。本研究はアメリカにおける柔道選手と一般学生の柔道に対するイメージを比較検討するのが目的である。
    この研究では,123名のアメリカ人柔道選手と68名のアメリカ人学生が,50項目からなる柔道のイメージに関する質問紙調査に参加した・それぞれのグループに対して行われた因子分析の結果から次のような知見を得た。
    それぞれのグループに対して行われた因子分析の結果,2つのグループが柔道を自己向上,自己達成として主に捉らえている点において類似していることが明らかになった。又,アメリカ人柔道選手のデータを,過去の研究のフランス人,日本人,オーストラリア人柔道選手のデータと比較した結果,グループ間にかなりの違いが認められた。この事から,世界の人々が持つ様々な柔道に対するイメージは,各国の根底にある文化と深く関わっていると推測される。このような比較文化研究は,異文化における柔道のイメージを理解するために不可欠なものであり,文化と関連させた形での柔道普及に貢献するといえる。
  • 出口 達也, 青柳 領, 山崎 俊輔, 岡田 修一, 藪根 敏和, 小沢 雄二
    1995 年 28 巻 2 号 p. 13-25
    発行日: 1995/11/30
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    187名の高校柔道選手を対象に12項目のトレーニングへの意識,実態,知識調査を行い、それらの関連を統計的に検討した結果,次のような知見を得た。
    1)トレーニングは殆どの選手が必要と回答したにも関わらず,実際に実施している選手は約半数であった。
    2)トレーニングについて選手自身が適当と考える頻度や内容を実際も実施していた。
    3)トレーニング内容に関しては重量級はマシーンやバーベルやダンベル等を使ったトレーニングを主に実施し,軽量級は走トレーニングを実施している傾向がみられた。
    4)トレーニングそのものは重量級の選手の方がより実施し,軽量級の選手の方が実施している者はトレーニング頻度は多かった。
    5)トレーニングの効果は選手の階級や得意技と関連がみられた。
    6)トレーニングの実施は指導や講習会の受講と関連が高く,知識の提供が実際にトレーニングを実施する直接的な要因であると考えられる。
  • 横山 直也, 大矢 稔, 百鬼 史訓, 田中 秀幸, 浅見 裕
    1995 年 28 巻 2 号 p. 26-36
    発行日: 1995/11/30
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    For the purpose of determining the technical characteristics of the striking motion from Nito-no-Kamae in Kendo, we measured the impact force of the striking motion with DAITO (long-shinai) and SHOTO (short-shinai) using as subjects three male university teachers, who are majoring in Kendo, and analyzed the data by a motion analysis system with a video tape recorder.
    For comparison, similar measurements were performed on the striking motion with the two-handed striking motion from Chudan-no-Kamae and the one-handed striking motion from Jodan-no-Kamae.
    The following results were obtained from a examination of the data.
    1. The maximum downward magnitude of the impact force and the downward impulse value of three kinds of the striking motions with SHOTO from Nito-no-Kamae were greater than that of the two-handed Shomen striking motion from Chudan-no-Kamae. However, the maximum downward magnitude of the impact force and the downward impulse value of two-kinds of striking motion with DAITO from Nito-no-Kamae were smaller than that of two-handed Shomen striking motion from Chudan-no-Kamae.
    2. The impact time of all the striking motion from Nito-no-Kamae were shorter than that of the two-handed striking motion from Chudan-no-Kamae.
    3. The motion of shinai in the striking motions from Nito-no-Kamae were chiefly made using the left elbow and the left wrist.
    4. The angular velocity of shinai immediately before impact using Hikikote striking motion with SHOTO of Nito-no-Kamae was the largest, and that using the Shomen striking motion with DAITO of Nito-no-Kamae was the smallest.
  • 木塚 朝博, 浅見 高明, 武藤 健一郎
    1995 年 28 巻 2 号 p. 37-45
    発行日: 1995/11/30
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    A study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of motor control from the view points of stretch reflexes and premotor time in kendo players as compared with sprinters and non-athletes. A DC torque motor was used to provide a sudden muscle stretch stimulus at the right wrist flexor. The subjects were asked to do a reaction movement during wrist flexion to the muscle stretch. We measured the modulation of long latency stretch reflex (M2 component) and premoter time during reaction movement by the analysis electromyogram recorded from the wrist flexor.
    The main results were as follows
    1) The premotor time in kendo and sprinter groups were significantly shorter than in non-athlete group.And there wasn't significant difference between kendo group and sprinter group.
    2) In all subjects, the amplitude of M2 component increased during flexion reaction movement. The increasing rate of M2 amplitude in Kendo group was significantly larger than in other groups, and it in sprinter group was significantly larger than in non-athlete group.
    3) When the kendo players were classified into two groups according to kendo performance, the increasing rate of M2 amplitude in the higher performance group was significantly larger than in the lower performance group, but the difference in premotor time between the two groups was very insignificant.
    From these results, it became clear that the kendo player can effectively control the amplitude of long latency reflex for reaction movement as well as he can do a quick reaction, and suggested that a degree of change in M2 amplitude from wrist flexor reflects the characteristics of motor control in kendo players.
  • 林 邦夫, 鷲見 勝博, 堀山 健治
    1995 年 28 巻 2 号 p. 46-59
    発行日: 1995/11/30
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of the present study was to compare isokinetic muscle strength of shoulder, hip, knee and trunk at varying speed between elite and student in kendo and normal subjects. Subjects were 7 elite in all Japan kendo championship whose average age was 36.1±4.3 years and 6 student kendo player whose average age was 20.2±0.4 years and 20 normal whose average age was 35.3±2.8 years. An isokinetic dynamometer (Cybex II) was used to measure the peak torque generated during shoulder extension &flexion, shoulder internal & external rotation, hip extension & flexion, hip abduction & adduction and knee extension & flexion at three different speed (60,180,240°/sec.). And the trunk extension flexion unit was use to measure the peak torque generated during trunk extension & flexion at three different speed (60,120,150°/sec.). These result were obtained: I) Eite kendo players were superior in isokinetic strength of shoulder extension, shoulder external rotation, hip extension and hip adduction at these condition,2)nevertheless elite and control group of knee extension & flexion was not significant.3) In the ratio of. antagonist to agonist on upper and lower limb, elite kendo players were superior in extension/flexion of both shoulder, extension/flexion of hip of right side internal/external rotation of both hip.The ratio of knee extension /flexion in elite was higher in only 180°/sec. of right side and 240°/sec. of left side than control. Elite on extension/flexion ratio of trunk was not significant.
    These results suggested that developments of strength of elite kendo player were specifically different the agonist and antagonist muscle group by kendo training.
  • 長谷川 弘一
    1995 年 28 巻 2 号 p. 60-65
    発行日: 1995/11/30
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
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