武道学研究
Online ISSN : 2185-8519
Print ISSN : 0287-9700
ISSN-L : 0287-9700
34 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
  • 松本 デービット, 竹内 外夫, 堀山 健治
    2001 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 1-10
    発行日: 2001/07/31
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    様々な国の柔道指導者が持つ価値観について研究を行った。調査1ではアメリカ,ポーランド,日本という3力国の柔道指導者を対象に,価値観について柔道特有の価値観を測るために開発された質問紙と既存の価値観に関する質問紙を用いて調査した。調査1で得た日本人指導者のデータから,調査2を行うことにした。ここでは日本人柔道指導者と剣道指導者の持つ価値観の比較を行った。この調査の目的は,調査1で日本人指導者から得たデータ結果が柔道に限ったものなのか,あるいは日本の他の武道にも当てはまるのかを把握することにある。我々の知る限りこの二つの調査は,様々な国の柔道指導者が持つ価値観や柔道の指導を通して伝えられていると思われる価値観を調査した最初の研究である。
    1.調査1の結果
    日本人よりもアメリカ人やポーランド人の方が柔道の伝統的な哲学に関係する価値観を持っていることを示した。日本が柔道誕生の地であること,知性,モラル,体育を重視しているからこそ柔道が日本のみならず世界中で非常に人気があることを考えるとこれは非常に興味深い結果である。調査1の結果は,他の国に比べ日本では柔道がその意味を失いかけている可能性を示唆している。
    2.調査2の結果
    剣道指導者が伝統的価値観をより支持する一方で,柔道指導者は達成感といった価値観を支持している。この相違をさらに綿密に調査したところ,大勢の学生を指導する大学柔道指導者ほど「名誉」,「精神的調和」,「公正」などの伝統的価値よりも,「愛国心」,「達成」,「個性」などを重視する傾向があることが分かった。日本の大学では,武道の伝統的価値観が柔道を純粋にスポーツや体育として扱う価値観に取って代わられていると推察される。
  • 野村 英幸, 幸田 隆, 直原 幹
    2001 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 11-22
    発行日: 2001/07/31
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    Since Showa 54 (1979) when the request of guidance by the Ministry of Education was strengthened, it has hoped that the students in Japan master a moral sense. For passed 20 years, in the junior high school and senior high school of Japan, the Ministry of Education has promoted instruction of Budo, and passed the guidance of Budo down. In this paper, the switchover of the contents in the sport program including Budo was studied up on the data (Lesson plans of many kinds of sports) in the custody of the Ministry of Education. The result was as follows. (1) In the schools that the guidance of Budo was promoted, the skill of Budo was taken lower importance than the traditional moral attitude of Japan. Not only in the lesson plan of Budo, but also in the lesson plan of other kind of sports, the moral attitude was esteemed. (2) After Heisei first year (1989), when the subject named “Kakugi” was changed to “Budo” in the school course guidelines, the moral attitude was esteemed more strongly in the lesson plan of Budo. (3)Especially, there were many examples of “For oneself” and “Heart” in the lesson plan of Budo, which were esteemed in concepts of the school educational world.
    In the present paper, the switchover in the contents from “Budo” to “the physical education that used Budo” is discussed.
  • 田中 和幸, 長舩 哲齊, 袴田 大蔵, 志沢 邦夫, 伊藤 孝
    2001 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 23-33
    発行日: 2001/07/31
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    The bacterial flora of the Men of Kendo (the fencer wears a helmet and mask in the Japanese fencing)has received little attention. Bacteriological examinations were carried out to get information about bacteria on the Men of Kendo in the Nippon Sport Science University during the four seasons. Forty five strains of typical bacteria istlated from the Men of Kendo were rapidly identified with a Gram-Positive and Negative Identification card used in conjunction with the Auto Microbic system. The isolates were distributed in the 17 genera, Bacillus, Flavimonas, Chryseomonas, Actinobacillus, Stenotrophomonas, Corynebacterium, Comamonas, Flavobacterium, Micrococcus, Pasteurella, Pantoea, Pseudomonas, Vibrio, Eikenella, Sphingobacterium, Staphylococcus and Acinetobactor. We found that these bacteria were non-pathogenic bacteria which are often found on the Men of Kendo. Its main constituent were Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Micrococcus luteus, which were followed by Bacillus sphaericus. Results obtained in the successive isolation trials showed that Micrococcus luteus as in figure 1 is typical bacteria of the Men during the four seasons. However, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus hominis, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, Pseudomonas stutzri, Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus strains have recently been noticed as the bacteria of opportunistic infections in the clinical medicine.
  • 中村 充, 岩切 公治, 菅波 盛雄, 廣瀬 伸良
    2001 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 35-42
    発行日: 2001/07/31
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study is to compare the present technique of kendo with the past one from the viewpoint of game analysis. The 31st and the 45th All Japan Kendo Championships were chosen as the analysis objects. Information on the movement of the contestants and techniques were collected by monitoring the recorded videotapes of the Championships. By comparing and analyzing the data, the following results were obtained:
    1. Increase of Tsuki-attack was seen in the 45th Championships. Yuko-datotsu was also increased.
    2. Decrease of Hiki-Waza in the 45th Championships was seen and may be due to the influence of the rule change, especially of the revisions of Jyougai-Hansoku and Tsuba-Zeriai.
    3. In the 45th Championships patterns of shinai operation tended to increase in case of Shikake-Waza, and the most significant pattern was attacking as moving forward.
    4. While a contestant defended oneself by bending the body to the sides in the 33rd Championships, one raised the shinai towards the right diagonal direction to defend in the 45th event.
    5. In the 45th event, techniques to react the opponent's Kote-attack were increased.
  • 山内 洋一, 水月 晃, 遠藤 雅子, 福岡 義之
    2001 年 34 巻 1 号 p. 43-49
    発行日: 2001/07/31
    公開日: 2012/11/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    Our aim was to investigate aerobic and anaerobic power, correctly measuring metabolic response during graded maximal exercise testing and short-term high power testing continuously for four years, from 1996 to 1999. The subject, who was twice the male national karate champion, was recruited to participate the experiments. The subject underwent the incremental exercise test every 30 watts/3 min until exhaustion to measure the peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), CO2 production, (VCO2peak) and ventilation (VEpeak) as an index of the aerobic power, and to determine capillary blood lactate concentration ( [La]b) VO2peak were 50.6, 45.2, 52.1, and 53.0 ml/kg/min, respectively. Peak [La] b increased 4.40, 6.15, 7.10, and 6.51 mM/L, respectively, and the delayed onset of blood lactate accumulation during incremental exercise was also observed, being due to higher buffering capacity which is associated with glycolytic enzymes in the muscles. Anaerobic power as measured by the total power for 10 sec on a high-power bicycle ergometer also increased from 936 to 1053 watts, which revealed a much higher anaerobic power compared with competitors in other sports. These results suggest that the karate champion in the heavy weight class had relatively average aerobic power and additionally greater anaerobic power, which may be due to glycolytic potential in the skeletal muscles.
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