In 1911, the adoption of bujutsu as a teaching material for regular school lessons was accepted for the first time. However, in the teaching guidelines for school gymnastics published in 1913, the teaching content of bujutsu was not clearly shown. To remedy this, the Ministry of Education held a training session for bujutsu teachers. This study looks at this bujutsu training session and what the content guidelines and the teaching methods of judo were to show clearly to what extent they were established in schools throughout Japan. The findings of this study are as follows. At the bujutsu training session, gokyo-no-waza was presented as the main teaching material of judo, and teachers all over Japan were informed of this. Therefore, the teaching content of judo in regular school lessons after the training session used nage-waza as the main teaching material, and gokyo-no-waza was regarded as a teaching material arrangement of nage-waza for gradual instruction. The main teaching method of gokyo-no-waza gradually permeated every school, and teaching methods gradually become unified and it was integrated into the teaching guidelines of school gymnastics in the second revision (1936).
This study examines the effects on the mood states of test subjects after experiencing one session of Aikido for beginners at a university. The results of a post-training session analysis show that: tension-anxiety, depression-dejection, confusion-bewilderment, and total mood disturbance (TMD) had all significantly decreased for both men and women. For their part, anger-hostility, vigor-activity and the relevance of the iceberg profile subscale and TMD as well as achievement evaluations all showed a negative correlation with tension-anxiety, anger-hostility, confusion-bewilderment and TMD. Therefore, it can be seen that the improvement in mood states after the class was related to individual achievement in the class. From the above, it can be said that one session of Aikido is effective in improving mood states.
This study was to examine the effect of judo program based on the acquisition of judo and communication skills in physical education classes in junior high school. Judo program with based on the acquisition of judo and communication skills was prepared in the first preliminary classes, and a total of 109 male junior high school students participated in the program. As a result, the judo program’s problem was found out. A total of 132 junior high school students participated in the program in the main classes; in this class, the program was improved on the basis of the results from the preliminary classes. The results indicated the students were suggested to acquire judo and communication skills. These results indicated that the judo program was effective for the acquisition of judo and communication skills.