Petrological features of rocks from Uzukiyama mafic plutonic complex in Iida city, Nagano Prefecture were examined as a preliminary study for petrogenesis of mafic magmatism in the Ryoke Belt. Uzukiyama mafic plutonic complex is composed of various types of cumulates, such as spinel-olivine cumulate (plagioclase-bearing olivine-hornblende pyroxenite), spinel-olivine-clinopyroxene cumulate (olivine-plagioclase-bearing hornblende pyroxenite), clinopyroxene-orthopyroxene cumulate (plagioclase-bearing hornblende pyroxenite), gabbronorites, and related (pyroxene-)hornblende gabbros and diorites. The most magnesian olivine in the cumulates has 85 % in molecular forsterite content, suggesting crystallization from relatively primitive parental magma. Based on observation of textures, mineral assemblages and mineral chemistry of constituent cumulus minerals, crystallization sequence of spinel + olivine, spinel + olivine + clinopyroxene, clinopyroxene + orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene + orthopyroxene + plagioclase, and clinopyroxene + orthopyroxene + plagioclase + hornblende were suggested. This crystallization sequence and highly calcic nature of plagioclase indicate crystallization under hydrous and moderate- to low-pressure condition. Chemistries of constituent minerals suggest that cumulates in Uzukiyama mafic plutonic complex were crystallized from a magma with calc-alkaline type differentiation trend, and the parental magma was originated from moderately depleted source mantle.
The detailed stratigraphy and sedimentary facies of the latest Pleistocene to Holocene incised-valley fills were analyzed at Futomi, Tobetsu, in the Ishikari coastal plain, Hokkaido, northern Japan. A boring core, named GS-HTF-1, was obtained at a site （43°11’ 57.78’’N, 141°26’ 53.53’’E） located along the axis of the paleo-Ishikari River valley during the last glacial age. The succession in the core can be divided into four stratigraphic units on the basis of sedimentary facies, diatom assemblages, molluscan fossils, and AMS radiocarbon ages: gravelly river deposits （Unit 2; 60.0-51.0 m below the ground surface), meandering river deposits （Unit 3; 51.0-22.4 m), inner-bay, bay-mouth to delta front deposits （Unit 4; 22.4-8.6 m), and salt marsh and fluvial （delta plain） deposits （Unit 5; 8.6-1.5 m), in ascending order. The physical properties of the sediments correspond to their sedimentary facies and stratigraphic positions. The pH and EC （electric conductivity） values of the muddy sediments are in good agreement with the interpreted depositional environments, i.e. the sediments of Unit 4 provide relatively higher pH and EC values than other units, although the inner-bay mud （Unit 4-a） show low values same as the fluvial deposits. The accumulation curve constructed based on the AMS 14C ages of twelve samples provides information on the timing of periods of environmental change at the studied site during a Holocene transgression: （1） the onset of deposition in a meandering river system, succeeding a gravelly river system, occurred at about 12,000 cal BP; （2） the inner-bay environment rapidly expanded to the study site at around 9,000 cal BP; （3） the bay-mouth sands prograded landward on the inner-bay floor due to rapid sea-level rise at around 8,000 cal BP, and the sands retrogradationaly aggraded during a sea-level highstand of 8,000-7,000 cal BP; and （4） the delta front deposits covered the bay-mouth sand body at around 7,000 cal BP.