BULLETIN OF THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF JAPAN
Online ISSN : 2186-490X
Print ISSN : 1346-4272
ISSN-L : 1346-4272
Volume 66 , Issue 1-2
Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan
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Article
  • Toru Shimizu
    2015 Volume 66 Issue 1-2 Pages 1-14
    Published: June 09, 2015
    Released: January 08, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Micro X-ray fluorescence (µ-XRF) instrumentation (Bruker M4 TORNADO) was used to investigate the elemental distribution in hand specimen and at microscopic scale of the surface of bonanza ores from the Ryosen veins in the Hishikari epithermal Au–Ag deposit. The X-ray mapping results show that the metallic elements (Au, Ag, Cu, Fe, Zn, and Se) and sulfur are correlated. However these elements are negatively correlated with potassium with a spatial resolution of tens of micrometers. Microscopic observations indicate that the following vein minerals correspond to the enrichment of elements in X-ray images: electrum for Au and Ag, naumannite for Ag and Se, chalcopyrite for Cu, Fe, and S, sphalerite for Zn and S, and adularia for K. Combined with the previous studies of reaction path modeling and experiments regarding Au and Ag precipitations from bisulfide complexes in boiling fluids, the negative correlation between Au and K is interpreted as being the result of a kinetic effect on electrum deposition. Electrum precipitates as a result of the concurrent decomposition of the bisulfide complexes Au(HS)2- and Ag(HS)2- after the formation of adularia when the influence of H2S gas loss becomes dominant over that of the initial increase in pH that favors adularia precipitation.
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