In regional economics, research has traditionally been focused on regional behavioral patterns of capital and industrial activities. In recent years, however, a method for the comprehension of regional politics, economy (production, distribution, division, etc.), society, culture, education, environment, landscape, welfare, recreation, health, medical care and traffic etc. has been proposed from the viewpoint of considering regions as places in which people live and regarding the value of life as the most important issue to be addressed. This method aims to provide a view of regional economic development by individually analyzing and integrating these factors. This report also aims to consider issues of regional development by relying on the aforementioned methodology. Although specific considerations regarding economic development will be addressed by the author in the future, this report is sure to shed light on what regional democracy should be as the prerequisite for economic development.
The counties of Naie-cho and Nakatonbetsu-cho in Hokkaido will be used as case study examples. Both counties have enthusiastically promoted community building based on information disclosure and citizen participation in recent years. As a result, citizens have begun to positively express their views on the management of autonomous bodies, thereby leading to the reflection of their views in various aspects of the management of these autonomous bodies. Although this clearly indicates the growth of the autonomy of citizens, thorough information disclosure underlies the autonomy of citizens in both counties. Their experiences prove the correctness of the flow whereby citizens begin to participate more actively and then the autonomy of citizens matures as a result of autonomous bodies rigorously providing citizens with information. This report, in particular, shows the importance of information disclosure and citizen participation based on analysis of both counties. Both of these counties are expected to develop a regional economy in the future based on community building as mentioned above.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the factors when the urban regeneration project based on art/culture infrastructure impacts its economy and enhances the quality of amenity not temporarily but sustainably. The method is to examine a case, Yerba Buena Center redevelopment project, cultural-oriented and mixed-use one, in San Francisco city, US. Finally, this paper suggests how the cultural policy and economic development policy should be integrated in one urban regeneration policy.