GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
Online ISSN : 2432-096X
Print ISSN : 0286-4886
ISSN-L : 0286-4886
Volume 53 , Issue 2
Showing 1-13 articles out of 13 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages Cover1-
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Type: Cover
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages Cover2-
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (32K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages App1-
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
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    Download PDF (127K)
  • Toshihiro OKADA
    Type: Article
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 73-96
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Takuji OGAWA (1870-1941) laid the foundations for the academic human geography in Japan. Jiro YONEKURA (1909-), together with Motoharu FUJITA (1879-1958) and others played the most important role in the succession and the development of OGAWA's achievements. In this paper, the writer analyzes YONEKURA's geographical studies during the wartime of Japan between 1931 and 1945, and then clarifies the development of the academic geography in Japan. In this bio-bibliographical study, the writer appraises YONEKURA's achievements in the history of Japanese geography with regard to the personal history of YONEKURA, the trend of the Japanese academic communities, the national policy, and the spirit of the age. YONEKURA initiated his geographical studies with the historico-geographical research on Japanese settlements. Especially, his studies of the Hizen plain and the Omi basin in 1932 and 1933 determined the course of the his studies thereafter. Furthermore, these studies had great influence on the later historico-geographical studies in Japan. YONEKURA's geographical studies in those days show the influence of the subjects and the viewpoints of OGAWA's studies. OGAWA commenced the geographical study of the jori system and settlement of the jori with reference to the Chinese land division and settlements. Furthermore, OGAWA took up the study of the military geography of China. YONEKURA followed and progressed OGAWA's studies. Both OGAWA and YONEKURA had much interest and profound insight into the history of the Chinese geography. It is due to their attainments to comprehend Chinese classics and the compose Chinese poems. Furthermore, YONEKURA studied the geopolitics under an impetus from OGAWA's Geographical Study of War (1939) and other works. YONEKURA concentrated on geopolitics after the China Affair (1937) supposedly being affected by a group studying geopolitics under Saneshige KOMAKI (1898-1990). YONEKURA eventually jointed the group as a regular member. However, the writer presumes more influence on YONEKURA's works from OGAWA's highly practical writings than from KOMAKI's writings that tend to amount to no more than manifestation of his idea. A characteristic of the YONEKURA's studies is a thorough grasp on East Asia as a whole. He always considered historical relationship of Japan and China, therefore, various geographical phenomena were studied from this angle. It is supposed that his commitment to the policy of Japan's New Order in East Asia was due to the character of his studies of its own accord. He had no skepticism on the political circumstances at that time. He positively agreed to and devoted himself to the realization of Japan's New Order in East Asia as a duty of geographer. As he thus tackled the contemporary affairs, he made vivid descriptions of the regional characteristics in the Greater East Asia, and drew up many concrete plans. YONEKURA's concern for the administrative plans exsisted consistently in his research activities. The study on Jori system mattered to rural planning as well as the study of Kokufu to urban planning. The administrative districts and the national land (regional) planning with emphasis on the industrial location, and the settlement planning accompanying peasantry emigration had been investigated in various regions by him. It is concluded that this perspective of his research directed him to the study of the Japan's grand illusion of the New Order in East Asia.
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  • Jong-Hyun PARK
    Type: Article
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 97-117
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this study is to analyze both characteristics of business travels and the factors affecting it, through an analysis of assessment of flights from Pusan to Fukuoka and business travel activities of firms in Taegu. The data in this study were obtained from interviews with 73 firms in Taegu doing export business to Japan, and the following four points are analyzed: (1) characteristics of business travels, (2) relationships between selection of Fukuoka airport and distribution of customer firms in Japan, (3) selection of flights from Pusan to Fukuoka, and (4) relationships between selection and assessment of flights from Pusan to Fukuoka. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The business travels from firms in Taegu to customer firms in Japanese cities are classified into five types. The characteristics are: (1) many firms use domestic flights from Taegu to Seoul or Pusan, (2) there are differences between the air flight going to Japan and returning to Korea, and (3) many Taegu firms visit several cites in Japan in a single business travel. 2. An analysis of variance and correlation analysis showed that (1) correlation coefficient between selection of airports and location of importers is high and (2) Fukuoka-oriented firms use Fukuoka airport more frequently than other Tokyo-Osaka- or Nagoya-oriented firms. 3. As a result of multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis, it made clear that the rate of selecting Taegu firms the flight between Pusan and Fukuoka is higher than the other flights between Korean and Japanese nonmetropolitan cities. 4. A cluster analyses and multiple regression analyses revealed that assessment of convenience of flights from Pusan to Fukuoka identified by Taegu firms values reasonable fare of the flight and good access from airport to civic center as well as the railway station for transfer, reflecting the importance of access to customer firms in Japan.
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  • Minoru ISHII
    Type: Article
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 118-131
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 132-134
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (527K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 134-135
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (304K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 136-146
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (885K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 147-148
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (157K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages App2-
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (151K)
  • Type: Cover
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages Cover3-
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (62K)
  • Type: Cover
    1998 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages Cover4-
    Published: April 28, 1998
    Released: April 20, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (62K)
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