GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
Online ISSN : 2432-096X
Print ISSN : 0286-4886
ISSN-L : 0286-4886
Volume 58 , Issue 1
Showing 1-16 articles out of 16 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages Cover1-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages Cover2-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
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    Download PDF (19K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages App1-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 1-2
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Takashi NAKAZAWA
    Type: Article
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 3-21
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Previous studies of residential moves have mainly focused upon the behavior of nuclear family. These studies traced the trajectories of residence which usually originate from around the core of metropolis and end in the suburban residential areas. Recently, however, households with a career-oriented working wife tend to move to the vicinity of the CBD. And part of single women, who have often been assumed to be a housewife in Japan, begins to choose a lifestyle to stay single and to buy a condominium for herself. It is important to investigate the residential behavior of these women to consider changes of the urban housing market and geographical structure of the city. The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics of residential choices of working women and their household. The study is based upon the questionnaire survey of women working in the CBD of Tokyo metropolitan area. According to the census data, married women working in the CBD tend to live near the workplace. On the contrary, married men have the tendency to commute from the suburbs to the CBD. The analysis of survey data reveals that nuclear families with working wife reside more in the vicinity of CBD than DINKs (Dual Income No Kids) do. These findings are not consistent with time-honored lifecycle model of residential trajectory. One reason of the fact is that more husbands of DINKs have the workplace in suburban subcenters than those of nuclear family. And that nuclear families with a working wife are more likely to move to the vicinity of CBD is another reason. This paper also contains the preliminary studies of single women who own a condominium. These women are moderate both in educational background and in earnings. They choose the location of condominiums primarily concerning the accessibility to public transportation and most of them buy the condominium along the same railway as the previous residence. The ircumstance does not easily allow single women to buy their own condominiums yet. But, because single women who would like to live out their lives in rental apartments arc quite little, the women who slay single and buy their own condominiums would increase in the future.
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  • Satoko YAMADERA, Sachiho ARAI
    Type: Article
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 22-45
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
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    In Japan, the price of rice has fallen sharply since the Staple Food I-aw was enforced in 1995. This paper aims to consider what types of living strategies towards this impact are available for farmers in Niigata Prefecture, one of the most favored rice-farming regions in Japan. The research was conducted in Nakajo Town. Four types of strategics derived from recent reports should be examined: marketing of value-added products, increasing off-farming work, diversified farming and enlargement of rice fields. The findings are as follows. Although a farmer's group tried to market value-added products at higher prices, it proved less successful than expected. This was because the supply met the demand of their regular consumers soon and the surplus was rushed to sell to wholesalers who struggle to beat down the price. Most farmers do not go further into off-farming work any more. Their off-farming work remain unstable, which makes this strategy unfeasible for them. They prefer trying to introduce other profitable crops, such as flowers or vegetables in greenhouses. However, it is predicted that prices of these crops would also decrease because of floods of imported agricultural goods. The present advantage and stability of this strategy should vanish soon. It shall be noted that many farmers are not reducing their rice fields, because rice farming needs little time and effort. They continue producing rice at the present scale as well as introducing other new crops, which makes it difficult for those who want to collect lands to take the strategy for enlargement of paddy fields.
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  • Daichi KOHMOTO
    Type: Article
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 46-59
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In recent years, organized landscape conservation has increased in rural Japan, and it has often been conducted by means of subsidies, tight rules and management activities in small special areas. However, in the other general rural areas, it is more than probable that the situation of surviving traditional elements is considerably different. The purposes of this paper are; 1) to clarify how nanbu-magariya, traditional L-shaped rural houses in Iwate Prefecture, northern Japan, have survived in the area of Tohno City, which once had many magariya and now has no organized conservation for them, and 2) to examine how the case of nanbu-magariya in Tohno has corresponded to the general trend for recognizing traditional elements as regional resources. The results were as follows : 1) There are 79 surviving magariya in Tohno. They consist of two types; 'left type', which has just been used as storage for decades after building new residential houses in the neighborhood, and 'inherited type', which has been used continuously as a residential house. The former has deteriorated seriously. 2) Magariya have survived due to the relative financial difficulties of the owners, as well as the affirmative consciousness for their life in the magariya. 3) Most of the magariya have been maintained by the residents who wish to continue to live with improved living conditions. Several residents have tried to maintain the thatched roofs, in spite of the difficulty of obtaining thatch and thatchers. 4) Several inherited cases of magariya were detected besides the residential survival. Many of them had been moved from the original places to be preserved and used for tourism. Moreover, several new residential houses that imitated the style of magariya have been built as a result of the owner's nostalgia. These inherited cases have appeared through the understanding of magariya as regional symbolic resources. The 'image of the region' without the substantial 'tradition' forms the landscape of present Tohno, while real residential magariya are on the verge of disappearance.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 60-62
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 63-64
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
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    Download PDF (95K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 65-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
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    Download PDF (63K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages App2-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (252K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages App3-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (37K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages App4-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (76K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages App5-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (76K)
  • Type: Cover
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages Cover3-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (25K)
  • Type: Cover
    2003 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages Cover4-
    Published: January 28, 2003
    Released: April 15, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (25K)
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