GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
Online ISSN : 2432-096X
Print ISSN : 0286-4886
ISSN-L : 0286-4886
Volume 60 , Issue 2
Showing 1-16 articles out of 16 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages Cover1-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages App1-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Index
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages Toc1-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Index
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages Toc2-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Takeaki KOHARA
    Type: Article
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages 65-89
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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    There are many people involved in urban redevelopment, and their expectations and opinions are reflected in the plan and the process. Urban redevelopment is an action that reconstructs a place not only spatially but also socially, and therefore the social aspects of urban redevelopment must be considered as part of any analysis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the social significance of the urban redevelopment in the Ueroku area, Osaka City. This study focuses on the community in this area which began from a black market that was formed by illegal residents immediately after the Pacific War. Although the Osaka City Government attempted to enforce a land readjustment in this area, instead of leaving, the residents were determined to develop the community and enforce an urban redevelopment by themselves. This study deals with three relevant periods : the formation of the community before the residents' attempt at urban redevelopment, the period of enforcement of the redevelopment, and following the completion of the redevelopment. This study surveyed the process of community formation, the evolution of the relationship between the residents and the government, the change in land owners in this area, and the residents' statements on the redevelopment and the area. The following significant outcomes resulted from the redevelopment : (1) The residents of this area achieved a greater level of social stability as a result of acquiring land ownership. In addition, they were recognized to be rightful occupants by the government and the public. (2) The government determined that it could resolve postwar problems such as the enforcement of land readjustment, and the settlement of unlawful occupancy. (3) It was an example of urban redevelopment under community leadership illustrating the factors necessary to achieve success with such redevelopments. In these circumstances, the urban redevelopment in this area can be considered to have directly benefited the residents.
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  • Takuji KOBASHI
    Type: Article
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages 90-103
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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    I analyzed how well the Geographic Information System (GIS) is recognized among school teachers and how it is utilized in schools. I also investigated what problems have occurred when GIS has been introduced in schools. Questionnaires were used to collect data from elementary school teachers in Nishinomiya, teachers of social studies in junior high schools in Nishinomiya and Kobe, and teachers of geography, history, and civic studies in high schools in Hyogo Prefecture. GIS was most recognized by the high school teachers, while it was least recognized by the elementary school teachers. On the other hand, teachers in elementary schools used computers at far more advanced levels in their classes compared to their counterparts in high schools. Thus, there is dissonance between high schools and elementary schools in relation to recognition of GIS and actual computer use in classes. I found that GIS is not well utilized in education due to lack of equipment (such as computers), educational software and data, and teachers' skills. However, both equipment and educational software and data have gradually become more available. Therefore, the most important task to promote GIS in education is improving skills among teachers. Teacher development is the key to the solution.
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  • Dai KAWAHARA
    Type: Article
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages 104-118
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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    This paper analyses the locational changes in head and branch offices of large enterprises in Osaka prefecture during the 1990s, when rationalization of branch networks progressed remarkably. In Osaka in the latter half of the 1990s, along with an increase in number of head offices, there has been a reduction in number of branch offices as a result of office closures, mergers and bankruptcies. Moreover, administrative-functions of the remaining branch offices have been transferred to Tokyo. It was observed that office relocation pattern switched towards decentralization in the latter half of the 1990s. However, there have been few cases that decision-making sections of enterprises being transferred towards the suburbs, and the decentralization has not resulted in the emergence of independent industrial spaces in the neighboring regions. The relocation patterns of head and branch offices clearly reflect the ways in which the enterprises were reorganized during the period from the first to the second half of the 1990s. On the one hand, head offices tended to relocate to areas that reinforce close cooperation within their own enterprises, so to speed up decision-making processes. On the other hand, branch offices tended to relocate to areas that minimize rent expenditures. While company restructuring and mergers continued due to prolonged depression, many new large-scale office buildings were completed during the same period, leading office rental market into a state of excess supply. As such, both demand and supply sides contributed in stimulating office relocations and caused changes in the business districts. Notably, the differences in factors of relocation between head offices and branch offices had an important effect in the changes in office relocation patterns in the latter half of the 1990s.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages 119-122
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages 123-130
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Bibliography
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages 132-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages App2-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages App3-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages App4-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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    Download PDF (53K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages App5-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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    Download PDF (53K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages App6-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    2005 Volume 60 Issue 2 Pages Cover2-
    Published: April 28, 2005
    Released: April 15, 2017
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