GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
Online ISSN : 2432-096X
Print ISSN : 0286-4886
ISSN-L : 0286-4886
Volume 73 , Issue 4
Showing 1-3 articles out of 3 articles from the selected issue
Research Notes
  • Yuki SAKAMOTO
    Type: Research Note
    2018 Volume 73 Issue 4 Pages 197-211
    Published: December 28, 2018
    Released: March 29, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In this study, I examined the soundscape perceived by local residents in Nagamachi district, Kanazawa City, Japan. I performed a quantitative analysis by measuring sound pressure levels, and audible spatial range of river canal sound. In areas close to the barges, I identified loud sounds that exceeded the regulations set by the Ministry of the Environment. In addition, I found the following: (1) the extent of the sound transmission depended on the shape of the listeners' area such as streets and structures, and (2) it changed seasonally as the water flow fluctuated. I also conducted a survey with questionnaires and group interviews to clarify the local residents' consciousness and evaluation of keynote sounds in their daily lives. Local residents were not conscious of the water flow sound from the river canals, but they subliminally evaluated the sound as a context of their daily lives. This suggests that the water flow sound is a keynote sound perceived by local residents.

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  • Zhenting WANG, Hiroshi KASHIMA
    Type: Research Note
    2018 Volume 73 Issue 4 Pages 212-232
    Published: December 28, 2018
    Released: March 29, 2020
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Japan's small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in machinery manufacturing have actively engaged in innovation in recent years. This study aims to clarify the existence foundation of innovation activities and spatial behavior of machinery SMEs in Japan's Kumamoto prefecture.

    Based on technical characteristics and development processes, the case companies were classified into three categories: (a) fundamental technology, (b) parts assembly, and (c) production of manufacturing equipment. Technology orientation of innovation was stipulated in the technical characteristics accumulated by each company.

    Focusing on the development process of new products or new technologies of the case companies, two factors, namely support from large companies and existence of dense networks of industry-university-government collaboration, were the regional foundation for innovation creation. Networks for innovation were built around a narrow spatial scale within the Kumamoto prefecture.

    Industrial associations and support agencies, such as public research institutes and universities, are clustered in the Kumamoto metropolitan area. Since SMEs located away from the area found it difficult to access support for innovation activities, they have established branch offices and laboratories in the Kumamoto metropolitan area. As a result, innovative activities of SMEs have intensified spatial concentration in the Kumamoto metropolitan area.

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