Bulletin of the Chinese Linguistic Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1884-1287
Print ISSN : 0578-0969
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  • Tangxun Lei
    2019 Volume 2019 Issue 266 Pages 79-97
    Published: October 31, 2019
    Released: November 20, 2019
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    In Mandarin, ditransitive verbs such as “Jiǎ (假)” and “Jiè (借)” have both the meanings of BORROW and LEND; whereas in pre-Qin Chinese they are distinguished by pronunciation and ditransitive construction. Furthermore, in monotransitive construction, the object is IO when LEND verb occurs while the object is DO when BORROW verb occurs. The DO, in the monotransitive construction “V + DO” which means BORROW, can be served by a subordinative phrase whose attributive is IO (i.e. V + [IO + zhī (之) + DO]). With the decline of “zhī (之)”, the construction “V + [IO + DO]” which means BORROW, is reanalyzed as double-object construction by possessor raising. At this point, both the meanings of LEND and BORROW exist in double-object construction simultaneously, although they are still distinguished by pronunciation. After Song Dynasty, this syllabic contrast disappeared. Therefore, there is no formal difference between the meaning of LEND and BORROW when “Jiè (借)” occurs in double-object construction.

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  • Takumi Fujita
    2019 Volume 2019 Issue 266 Pages 98-116
    Published: October 31, 2019
    Released: November 20, 2019
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    The rime dictionary Qieyun and redactions thereon that were published after the Lu Fayan’s Qieyun has been expanded upon and revised based on various materials. Even S2071, one of the remaining volumes of the original Qieyun, includes some youyin fanqie that are assumed to not have been included in the Lu Fayan’s Qieyun. While the youyin fanqie originating from the Lu Fayan’s Qieyun do not correspond much with the xiaoyun fanqie they refer to, the youyin fanqie added to S2071 do. Therefore, the fanqie added in S2071 are likely to have been supplemented by the Qieyun itself.

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  • Kenji Yagi
    2019 Volume 2019 Issue 266 Pages 117-135
    Published: October 31, 2019
    Released: November 20, 2019
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    This article discusses the relationship between light tone and post-syllable tone sandhi in Shanxi dialects. When mapping the frequency with which the two tones occur, the ratio of the light tone is high in the northern and southern end regions of Shanxi, while the rate of post-syllable tone sandhi is high in the central region. Therefore, the two tones demonstrate geographically complementary distribution. The distributions of both are transitioning gradually, and it is recognized that post-syllable tone sandhi is gradually being replaced by the light tone. There are two types of post-syllable tone sandhi found in Shanxi dialects, one that is conditioned by post-syllable and the other that is conditioned by pre-syllable. Finally, we compare the words possessing light tone between the northern and southern areas in order to examine their agreement rates.

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  • Lan Wu
    2019 Volume 2019 Issue 266 Pages 136-155
    Published: October 31, 2019
    Released: November 20, 2019
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    In natural Chinese discourse, Base space, containing a topic and related implicatures, is developed into Focus space, the main point of which is to comment on the topic. If the implicatures in the Base are incompatible with the comment in the Focus, the acceptability of the sentence will decrease significantly because the inconsistency between the implicatures and the comment is foregrounded. However, when the topic is realized as a pronoun instead of a simple gap, the topic becomes foregrounded and the acceptability rises because the troubling contradiction is backgrounded and unseen.

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  • Hiroaki Yoshida
    2019 Volume 2019 Issue 266 Pages 156-173
    Published: October 31, 2019
    Released: November 20, 2019
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    Using results of previous studies, this paper attempts to explain why designative subject constructions and assertive subject constructions are a syntactic form of opposition and semantically contrary in a “bounded/unbounded” and “marked/unmarked” theory. This paper argues that, under unmarked designative/assertive subject constructions, the designative subjects are usually represented through the predicative constituents that denote unbounded actions and properties, while the assertive subjects are usually represented through the predicative constituents that denote bounded actions and properties. In marked situations, this pattern admits exceptions. Finally, this paper attempts to addresses the correlation between designative subjects, assertive subjects, and its related sentences within the concept of a continuum.

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  • 2019 Volume 2019 Issue 266 Pages 174-190
    Published: October 31, 2019
    Released: November 20, 2019
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