Chemistry Letters
Online ISSN : 1348-0715
Print ISSN : 0366-7022
ISSN-L : 0366-7022
Volume 45 , Issue 10
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  • Qiuying Wen, Zhiguang Guo
    2016 Volume 45 Issue 10 Pages 1134-1149
    Published: October 05, 2016
    Released: April 03, 2017
    [Advance publication] Released: July 28, 2016

    As one of the most important parts in the surface and interface science, superhydrophobic surfaces play a significant role in both the fundamental research of functional materials and various applications. Therefore, this research field attracts more and more researchers’ attention from all over the world. In the past decades, a large number of biomimetic functional superhydrophobic surfaces have been fabricated inspired from the natural superhydrophobic phenomenon. In this paper, we reviewed the recent advances in the research field of superhydrophobic surfaces, mainly including basic principles, fabrication methods, and applications three aspects. In order to facilitate the comparison, fabrication methods have been divided into three classes at first: coating methods, deposition methods, and the method of direct reproduce (template method). Further, each method is subdivided into several more specific sections such as coatings covering self-assembly coating, grafting coating, electrodeposition, electroless deposition, and so on, according to the theory of the coatings bonding with substrates. For each subsection, the corresponding comments of advantages and partly drawbacks have been summarized. In addition, the peculiar applications of superhydrophobic surfaces, such as waterproof function, antibacterial, antibiofouling, antiscaling, anti-icing, and so on, are also mentioned briefly. Finally, current challenges for this research field are also proposed. The aim of this review is to give a brief and crucial overview of the recent advances in the fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces.

    Superhydrophobic surfaces have attracted researchers’ attention from all over the world due to its potential applications in many fields. In the past years, many superhydrophobic surfaces have been fabricated. With the development of science and technology, the fabrication methods of surperhydrophobic surfaces have been improved continually. In order to facility peoples’ understanding of recent advances of surperhydrophobic surfaces, we give the brief overview. In this review, the fabrication methods are mainly reviewed and practical applications, perspectives on further development, some existed problems that need solving are briefly mentioned. Fullsize Image
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