Online ISSN : 2424-1660
Print ISSN : 0910-5778
ISSN-L : 0910-5778
Volume 46, Issue 1
Displaying 1-3 of 3 articles from this issue
  • Harumi IKUNO, Kyoko TSUKADA, Michiko NAKAHASHI, Hirofumi MONOBE, Masak ...
    2002 Volume 46 Issue 1 Pages 11-17
    Published: 2002
    Released on J-STAGE: February 08, 2023

      The protective clothing for fire-fighter formed into closed mold accumulates metabolic heat of human body and gives excess heat stress to fire- fighter. In this study, the physiological impacts of four different protective clothing ensembles (A ~ D) were evaluated and subjective surveys were also taken using 5 levels. The experiment was composed of 20 minutes bicycle ergometer exercise and 5 minutes idle periods before and after the task in the climate chamber controlled at 30 ± 1℃ and 50 ± 3% relative humidity simulating summer season. The subjects were four healthy males, and each person wore two ensembles in a day, one in the morning, the other in the afternoon respectively.

      Test subjects experienced 1.9 ~ 2.4℃ mean skin temperature rise, 0.8 ~ 1.1℃ tympanic temperature rise from the start to the end of the experiment. The heart rate reached 145 (for ensemble D), 170 (for ensemble A) at the end of the exercise. The sweat absorbed in underwear and jersey uniform weighted from 168g (ensemble C) to 258g (ensemble A). These values were significantly larger than those for just wearing jersey uniform.

      The changes in mean skin temperature, tympanic temperature, and heart rate depended on protective clothing, provided same rank ordering A> B> C> D, that was nearly consistent with the subjective differentiation level ranging very hot/damp or moreover. These physiological indexes and their rate of increase may suggest a criterion for working time of fire fighter.

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  • Yayoi HIKAGE, Hiroko KAWABATA, Taeko NARUMI
    2002 Volume 46 Issue 1 Pages 19-24
    Published: 2002
    Released on J-STAGE: February 08, 2023

      We examined the adequacy of evaluation of hand-finger dexterity using the threads-tying test developed by Ota et. al. One-hundred and nineteen elementary school pupils were tested using the threads-tying test together with 20 finger motor function measures suspected to be related to hand-finger dexterity. Using the results of the threads-tying test, the subjects were classified into three groups. The upper group scored higher than the lower group on all finger motor function measures. Factor analysis revealed an inter-relation between the threads-tying test and 13 finger motor function measures, with 6 speed-demand finger motor function measures showing particulary strong inter-relation.

      On the basis those finding, we confirmed that the threads-tying test is an effective evaluation method.

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