Online ISSN : 2424-1660
Print ISSN : 0910-5778
ISSN-L : 0910-5778
Volume 53, Issue 2
Displaying 1-8 of 8 articles from this issue
  • Toshio Mori
    2010 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 98-106
    Published: 2010
    Released on J-STAGE: June 15, 2021

      Digitized gray level images for 19 kinds of stitch patterns of knitted fabrics are captured by a color scanner. A one-dimensional power spectrum, P (f), is derived from a two-dimensional power spectrum obtained from the frequency analysis of a gray level image. Since there is a good linear relation between log P (f) and log f for all of the stitch patterns used in this study, the slope of a line (α) is estimated for each of them. The angular second moment (ASM), contrast (CON), correlation (COR) and entropy (ENT) which are extracted from the gray level co-occurrence matrix, and the fractal dimension (D) are measured as image information parameters, by using image analysis. The fractal dimension is determined from the fractal analysis of the relief of the curved surface of the gray level image. Complexity (S1), ruggedness (S2), size (S3), roughness (S4) and beauty (S5) of stitch patterns are evaluated by sensory evaluation according to the rating scale method. The relationship between visual feature parameters such as α-values and the image information parameters, and mean sensory values is examined by the factor analysis. The results indicate S1, S2 and S4 to be related to CON, ENT and D; S3 to be related ASM ; α-value to COR. Beauty of stitch patterns is discussed in relation to the 1/fα fluctuation and the principle of beauty proposed by Birkhoff.

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