The efficiency of pharmacotherapy is significantly influenced by the crystal habit and polymorphic form of the drugs. Especially due to the anisotropy of different facets in crystalline material, crystal habit impacts the physicochemical properties and behaviors of a drug, which has been rarely reported. This paper describes a facile method for online monitoring of crystal plane orientation of favipiravir(T-705) by Raman spectroscopy. Firstly, we investigated the synergy of multiple physicochemical fields (solvation, agitated flow fields, etc.), and then prepared favipiravir crystals with different orientations in a controllable manner. Secondly, to establish the connection between crystal planes and Raman spectra, the favipiravir crystals were theoretically analyzed at the molecular and structural levels using density functional theory (DFT) and 3D visualization tools. Finally, we based on standard samples and applied it to 12 actual samples to evaluate the crystal habit of favipiravir. The results are similar to the classical XRD method. Additionally, the XRD method is difficult to be monitored online, while the Raman method is non-contact, fast, and requires no sample preparation, showing a great application prospect in the pharmaceutical process.
View full abstract