Journal of the City Planning Institute of Japan
Print ISSN : 1348-284X
The Annual Conference of the City Planning Institute of Japan
Showing 1-50 articles out of 177 articles from the selected issue
  • Yasushi GOTO
    Session ID: 150
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This article examined about the relation between Japanese modern city planning and traditional planning principles in reorganization processes of the palaces of Chosen (Korea) and Manchukuo. In Chosen under Japanese rule, the planing principles were not recognized as the object that should had been destroyed intentionally, and were made light. Some planning principles observed in Manchukuo were only the results that plannners had not bene able to disobey intention of Pu-I, an administrator of Manchukuo. Both of respect to the planning principles or intentionally destruction them that are the contradicted evaluation, are overestimate for one side of colonized city planning under Japanese rule.
  • Empirical analysis with the data of urban rail route choice in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area
    Hironori Kato
    Session ID: 15
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This paper examines the variation of Value of Travel Time Savings (VTTS) over travel time of urban commuters. First, we formulate a time allocation model with the residential location choice. Then, we analyze the VTTS over travel time both theoretically and empirically. The theoretical comparative static analysis shows that the variation of VTTS over travel time depends on the form of utility function. Then, we derive the non-linear utility functions from the Taylor approximated utility functions. The empirical analysis with the data of urban rail route choice in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area shows that the sign of marginal VTTS with respect to travel time may be negative under a specific travel time, but it may change into positive over the specific travel time.
  • - A case of Leazes Park, City of Newcastle upon Tyne-
    Tomoko Miyagawa
    Session ID: 66
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Some Urban Parks are suffering from lack of management, which can lead to further decay of features/facilities and possibilities to cause vandalism. The U.K. government introduced the Urban Parks Programme to regenerate and manage urban parks. This paper aims to illustrate the regeneration process of Leazes Park, a historic urban park in Newcastle upon Tyne by examining landuse changes and related systems. From the results, Leazes Park had once faced to the crisis of the loss of park itself due to the lack of management and pressures from developments. The characteristics of the process can be said as the regeneration by the Urban Parks Programme, regeneration of the features at the originally established times with new features to meet with the needs, and partnerships of management and cooperation.
  • _-_A case study on 160 cities with population above 50,000_-_
    Takashi Hashimoto, Akira Yuzawa
    Session ID: 101
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this paper is clarifying the relation between the regional gap of city planning area and administration consciousness after consolidation of municipalities.The focus of research is quantifying the administration consciousness to the regulation according to the coexistence situation of city planning area.The cities which analyzed are 160 cities with population above 50,000 which already carried out the consolidation of municipalities.In analysis of administration consciousness, factor analysis and analytic hierarchy process(AHP) were performed using the result of administration consciousness survey. The analysis results showed that there were gaps in the administration consciousness resulting from the coexistence situation of city planning area. This paper releases these analysis results and makes them an aid of reorganization of city planning area.
  • -A study on the resident's autonomous formation to living environment-
    Yoko Harada, Shinji Nojima, Namiko Minai, Yoshinobu Kikuchi
    Session ID: 176
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    In suburban detached housing development site in a provincial city, some families expand their housing lot gradually by combining neighboring lots. This paper clarifies the process of these expansions.
    the following are our major findings.
    1) The direction of lots expansion is related to direction of streets adjacent to the first owning lot.
    2) The major reasons of expansion are to live together with their children's families, to prepare space for their cars, and to secure land when the land price is low. Some families even own lots that are not neighboring to their original housing lot, and they lease it or use it temporally.
    3) Most residents welcome vacant housing lots, but they wish to be well cared.
  • Yoshitsugu Aoki
    Session ID: 36
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The fundamental interest of this study is formation mechanism of the unequal urban land-use pattern. Although the stochastic urban model was proposed, and the transition of land-use was analyzed, the uniformity of land-use pattern was assumed. In this paper, we examine whether the state transition from the perturbed initial state converge to the uniform state or not. We show that, when the average land-use ratio is in the range in which second differential of the F-function under the assumption of the uniformity is negative, the uniform state is unstable, and the urban area is separated to high region and low region further than the average land use ratio.
  • YU OKAMURA, NAOTO NAKAJINA
    Session ID: 158
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The Diet Building, situated on a small hill in Nagata-cho, has straight and wide road from around Sakuradamon-Gate as a frontal road. However this vista had not appeared until 1964 although German architect Böckmann originally proposed in 1886. Thus this paper aims to reveal the process of the formation of this vista for about 80 years, especially focusing on detail physical designs of each element of the vista. To conclude, 1) the process of the formation can be divided into four terms, 2)proposals and plans have had three main purposes (which were construction of the Diet Building itself, creation of the symbol space as the capital, and reconstruction of the city center after Kanto Earthquake or world war II), and 3)the vista we can see today is simpler, despite a series of magnificent proposals which included a wider and longer road or a plaza as a view point .
  • Kenji Oda, Ryujiro Kondo
    Session ID: 86
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this paper is to clarify the influence of the "Participation in Streetscape by Red ones" on the image of streetscape. And it is also, to clarify the effect of the "Participation in Streetscape by Red ones" on the streetscape planning. We surveyed the differences of images and perception of streetscape, comparing citizens who participated in "Participation in Streetscape by Red ones" or not. As a result, this study was able to indicate the possibility of "Participation in Streetscape by Red ones" as a technique for grasping the many-sided streetscape. It is an effective step to participate in a plan of daily streetscape that citizens do "Participation in Streetscape by Red ones".
  • Mitsunobu Hayashi, Akira Yuzawa
    Session ID: 10
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    With the decrease in the bus useers, the disuse of the bus routes increases in many local regions, and the security of the public transportation becomes the difficult for the aged persons. At present, the introduction of the Demand Responsive Transport(DRT) is advanced in many regions. It is possible that the DRT flexibly corresponds the time and the route in the proportion to the demand for the users. In the DRT, there are three tipes which are the route deviation type, the semi-dynamic type, and the dynamic type. Especially in this study, the semi-dynamic type is compared with the dynamic type. The research are as follows;(1)From the investigation for the local government where the DRT is operated, and the demand forecast model of the DRT was made.(2)The simulation model is developed in order to examine the difference by the operation type of the DRT. As the result, it became cleare that the dynamic type is higher the convenience than the semi-dynamic type for users.
  • With Special Emphasis on Social Capital
    Akira Ishida, Takashi Hosoda, Shigeki Yokoyama
    Session ID: 108
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Since Coleman and Putnam published their epoch-making works in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the notion of social capital has been considered a trump for eradicating poverty and enhancing the well-being of dwellers in backward areas of developing countries. This article aims to clarify whether social capital has a positive effect on utilization of medical service among poverty stricken urban slum dwellers in Bangladesh with a view to providing a useful practical framework for making community development strategies more effective in South Asia. The statistical analysis, based on the household data obtained from intensive structured survey conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and CARE-Bangladesh, clearly suggests that the higher the social capital levels are, the more slum dwellers are likely to get needed medical attention.
  • Yoshio Fujii, Wakana Satake
    Session ID: 8
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Recently, users of the local railroad are decreasing year by year, and the continuance of the local railroad becomes difficult in the local city. The railroad is an indispensable movement means for local residents, and the railroad is an important facility as a help of the tourism promotion and a countermeasure method against environmental problem. In this study, we carried out a questionnaire on use of Manyo Line to local residents living along Manyo Line which runs between Takaoka City and Imizu City (formerly Shinminato City) in Toyama Prefecture, and we calculated the marginal willingness to pay to the railroad use using choice-based conjoint analysis. As a result, it was found that the air-conditioning perfection of the vehicles was the most important policy, and secondly the cut in price of the fare and shortening of the service interval were important policies.
  • In case of the Teradaike council in Kakogawa City,Hyogo Prefecture
    MINORU MORIKAWA
    Session ID: 127
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    It is necessary to conserve and manage irrigation ponds as environmental resources by the whole community. The aim of this paper is to clarify the establishing process and activities of the Teradaike councile which has produced excellent results by means of holding workshops,meetings for dwellers,observations advanced irrigation ponds and publishing newspapers. About the characteristics of the council the following points are indicated. 1)the locals' enthusiasm for Teradaike 2)seamless grappling in the residents' association and the irrigation association 3)participation of a citizens' group 4)support of administration and consultant 5)cooperation with persons concerned 6)long-range preparatory stage 7)existence of an operating committee
  • Case Study on Shinagawa and Tamachi Station in Minato City, Tokyo
    Keimi Harada
    Session ID: 96
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose is to clarify the characteristics and issues of PPP(Public Private Partnership) for the construction system of passage over railway station of Shinagawa and Tamachi, Minato City, Tokyo and to analyze possibility of the PPP."Council for the Construction" was organized for each station, composed of major companies near the stations and Minato City Government. The fundamentals of finance are developer's and beneficiaries' responsibility. City Government role is a chair and give an incentive of FAR bonus. This method encourages communications among many organizations, makes easier to solve problems and developers projects more effectively rather than a single subject. This method can be applied for various projects.
  • Mizuo Kishita, Mihoko Matsuyuki, Fumihiko Seta, Sadatsugu Nishiura
    Session ID: 147
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This paper analyzes an applicability of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) to urban planning in Japan, through the study of the development process of European environmental policies and SEA.. First, the EU environmental policies are reviewed on time-series basis. Secondly, actual application of SEA in European countries is analyzed from the viewpoints of integration of environmental assessment with socioeconomic contents. Thirdly, the applicability of SEA to Japanese urban planning system is discussed. The key factors in applying the SEA to urban planning were identified as those that the social and economic objectives, for which urban plan is formed, should be clearly defined, and that the SEA should be integrated into planning process rather than independently assessed.
  • An evaluation of a streetscape using the color picture.
    Mizuna Onitsuka, Satoshi Miyake
    Session ID: 2
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    In this study, we evaluated the streetscape with two methods by using the color pictures. One is the quantity evaluation which use the fluctuation theory, the other is the psychology evaluation which use the SD method and factor analysis. In addition, we examined those correlations. Result from the study showed that we clarified the difference of the tree kind influenced in the quantity evaluation, the difference of the tree kind and street width influenced in the psychology evaluation. In addition, we clarified the tendency that the more fluctuation approached -1, the more the factor score rose.
  • Tetsuharu Oba, Yoshitaka Aoyama, Dai Nakagawa, Yuka Karatani
    Session ID: 41
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This study includes the following two purposes. The first is to model the willingness of local residents to cooperate with the activities for conservation of the traditional wooden houses called "Kyo-Machiya" and the scenery in central area of Kyoto City, using binary choice model with social interactions. The second is to evaluate the sustainability of conservation about Kyo-Machiya and the scenery, based on the economic analysis result by this model. As the result of this study, we clarified that the higher the ratio of other people's cooperation, the higher the selection probability of local residents cooperation. Also, we clarified that, out of 19 school districts that this study targets, 16 school districts maintain the sustainability of conservation about Kyo-machiya and the scenery, but the other districts don't.
  • Makoto AKASAKA
    Session ID: 75
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The International Tourist Bureau (ITB) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs organized the International Tourism Committee (ITC). The National Parks Law was 1931 proclaimed. 3 months after the proclamation ITC invited twice some of authorities or experts of mountains (alpinists, skiers, writers etc.), who had been in European Alps and winter resorts. The mountain-authorities introduced some of cases of ski resorts, mountain railroad, hotels, roads, traffic facilities but pointed problems of the status quo in Japan, especially in Kamikouchi. The problems in Kamikouchi of road planning and nature conservation became a issue of this meeting. Japanese Government and ITB regarded Switzerland as a succeeded country by the Alps tourism. They sought the possibilities of the success way of mountain tourism and had no interest to the damage by the mass tourism in Alps, although some of authorities pointed out.
  • Integrated Progress of historical Environment Preservation and Improvement of the Living Environment
    Hajime Shimizu, Hiroko Ono
    Session ID: 171
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    In an area with historical townscape it is usually difficult to balance the preservation and improvement of convenience and living environment. Improvement plan made for Shuri-kinjo district in Naha city have been promoted step by step. First step was the designation of townscape improvement area and construction of bypass road beside the historical area. Second step was to construct two roads to approach inside the area. Third step in 2005 was an unique one. It was a plan to build new narrow streets along the existing streets including stone walls with historical shape inside new streets. The plan was made to promote the restoration of historical townscape and improvement of facility and living environment simultaneously.
  • Susanne Elfferding, Morio Uzuki, Mitsuyuki Asano
    Session ID: 25
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Members of the Working Group for Bicycle-Friendly Municipalities in Northrhine-Westfalia, Germany, have been experimenting with new kinds of bicycle lanes since the 1990s, creating bicycle route networks covering their whole areas. Based on this experience, road traffic regulations as well as their pertaining administration regulations were amended in 1997, reflecting a new attitude towards bicycle traffic and adding new bicycle rules.
    Bicycle lanes now are implemented by re-organising existing road space, namely by re-organising roads, easing of road traffic regulations and re-organising pedestrian space. This helps to avoid investing big sums of money or a lot of effort.
    Additionally, directions signs and other services help to create an attractive bicycle network. By implementing such a traffic system, the town of Troisdorf managed to increase bicycle traffic while decreasing motor vehicle traffic, making their traffic more environmentally friendly.
  • Hong-Gyu JEON
    Session ID: 107
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The aim of this paper is to analyses the development of community participation in Korea in order to provide a framework for understanding the particular characteristics of community participation which have addressed especially for the poor community. First of all, I reviewed community participation theory related in the South, and then I examined the development of urban redevelopment policy and community participation experienced in Korea so far. Finally this paper conclude that community participation in Korea is characterized by types of 'resistance(counter-eviction movement)', 'self-development(self-resettlement and cooperative community building)', 'cooperation(productive union by the poor themselves)', 'empowerment / partnership(productivism approach)', and is now ongoing process.
  • mamoru amemiya, makoto yokohari
    Session ID: 145
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The aim of this study was to identify the level of and causes of, deviant behavior in public parks. In 334 parks in Itabashi ward in Tokyo, we collected data on claims against deviant behaviors, and visited each of the parks. We then modeled the relationship between deviant behaviors and environmental causes. The result was as follows: 1) the main types of deviant behavior in public parks were littering, vandalisms, illegal occupation and graffiti; 2) the most frequently observed behavior was graffiti and seventy percent of all parks contained at least one kind of deviant behavior; 3) environmental factors that prevented deviant behavior were the existence of houses along the parks and the participation of local residents in park management activities. We conclude that to ensure safer parks in future it is necessary to include considerations of park design and participatory management activities to mitigate vandalism and deviant behavior.
  • Citizen Participation to Land Use Plan in Germany
    Joji Abe
    Session ID: 102
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    In the decision procedure of the new F-plan advanced from 2000 to 2004 in Dortmund City, the citizens and various organizations were given the opportunity to propose their views three times; at the early stage, the reading, and the re-reading. More than 1,000 different proposals were submitted and these were examined by the planning administration and the city council. These participating processes were analyzed to examine actual citizen participation in land use plan. At the early stage and the reading, a considerable number of proposals from citizens and various organizations were adopted. It is significant that there are plural opportunities to participate, which enables review also. The existence of NPO is important to expand the citizens' participation. And F-plan doesn't plan the land use alone but it is supported by other various plans, so the load has been reduced.
  • Mihoko Matsuyuki, Mizuo Kishita, Sadatsugu Nishiura
    Session ID: 148
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    In many European and North American countries, strategic environmental assessment (SEA) on land use plan is already implemented. This paper focuses on SEA on land use plan in England and tries to find the effects and significance of SEA through the case study of LDF of London Borough of Hillingdon. From the case study, it was found that not only SEA but also other factors affected the decision making of the plan and SEA especially affected on deciding the location and size of development. Thorough decision making about location of development is sometimes controversial, SEA is supposed to help decision making by showing sustainability of each options and ways of mitigation.
  • Trials in Scenic Byway route
    shinji ishida, shuichi kameyama
    Session ID: 78
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    "Scenic Byway HOKKAIDO" refers to roads through local resources such as Hokkaido's own landscape,nature,culture, etc., aimed at developing characteristic Hokkaido. Its main theme is to build a beautiful landscape that can be enjoyed from these roads. Landscape viewed from roads designated as "Scenic Byway HOKKAIDO" is understood as a continuous sequential landscape and was quantitatively evaluated in this study.The study aimed to categorize Hokkaido's road landscape. Complexity of road landscape was evaluated using a quantitative method with Fractal Dimension.Furthermore,categorization was made with compositions of road landscape, resulting in three categorized types of road landscape and clarified characteristics of Hokkaido's road landscape.
  • Yusuke Kobayashi, Yoshifumi Yasuoka
    Session ID: 43
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This study is to analyze the accessibility for forest and the placement of forest for landscape and urban planning. For this purpose, we propose FAI and PFAI based on RA. Using these methods, this study is applied to land cover analyzed by Landsat TM data in 3 wards in Kawasaki City and 6 wards in Yokohama City in Tama Hills. The results were as follows. 1) RA and FAI were useful methods to analyze the distribution of forest and urban area. 2) PFAI was useful method to find the best placement changing to forest. 3) We found the characteristics of the distribution of forest and urban area in the applied wards using these methods.
  • Focusing on the Exchanges of City Planners
    FUKUO AKIMOTO
    Session ID: 149
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The term Regional Planning appeared in Britain and was soon introduced into the US in the 1910s, and became widespread in both countries in the 1920s. Recent studies began to focus on the early stage of regional planning movements, yet it is not clear how the ideas of regional planning were formulated. This paper analyzes the ideas of city planners from the late nineteenth century to the 1920s, including Social City of Ebenezer Howard, Regional Survey of Patrick Geddes, Regional Planning of Patrick Abercrombie, Regional Plan of Thomas Adams, and Regional City of Lewis Mumford, to disclose how the elements of regional planning ideas were evolved and to examine the conflicting issues among them.
  • Naoki WAKAE, Tetsu YOSHIDA, Junzo MUNEMOTO
    Session ID: 35
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    In this study, we made input-output table of Amagasaki-City (industrial city west side in Japan), and by using it, we estimated economic ripple effects after removing 15 large factories and then new land use are located in 5 terms (15 years). Negative ripple effect by removing them are supplemented with new land uses about 104,932 million yen, in comparison with situation that those sites are left as vacant lots. We suppose new uses to be commerce, service business and houses, so manufacturing business reduces much of turnout through 5 terms. But, "pulp, paper and paper converting industry" and "publication and printing business", whose emigration and export ratio from the city are lower than average ratio and so called as non-basic industry, are made clear to increase its turnout.
  • Haeyang Pak, Noriyuki Kobayashi, Takeyoshi Kato, Yasuo Suzuoki, Takayu ...
    Session ID: 139
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Development of hydrogen infrastructure will become an important issue at an early, introductory, stage of fuel cell vehicle (FCV). As a measure to speed up formation of this infrastructure, e an effective energy system is considered in which a hydrogen refueling station that supplies hydrogen to FCVs also supplies hydrogen energy to neighboring commercial establishments, specifically stationary fuel cell. The objective of this paper is to clarify the effect of the hydrogen joint supplying for both FCV and commercial establishment compared with a system supplying hydrogen only to FCV. The operation methods of stationary fuel cell and the hydrogen production process were numerically studied by using the seasonal demand data for electric power, heat and vehicle fuel. As a result, the amount of primary energy consumption of the hydrogen joint supplying system was smaller because of the higher operation rate and efficiency of hydrogen production in the hydrogen refueling station.
  • Misa Shimizu, Akiharu Kamihogi
    Session ID: 62
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This study aims to clarify the green existent form and their changes of Shinto shrines. The green existent form of the shrines based on "Settsu Meisho-Zue" and "Izumi Meisho-Zue" and present shrines and their changes were evaluated, and their spacial characteristics were evaluated based on the surrounding land use and the topographic condition. The results indicated that the green existent form of the shrines changed into open space type from forest type. The results clarified that open space type was succeeded to where there weren't ups and downs, and that forest type was succeeded to where there were large ups and downs. While, the relation of the changes of the green existent form and the surrounding land use didn't become clear.
  • Daisuke YOKOYAMA, Mamoru TANIGUCHI, Ryoji MATUNAKA
    Session ID: 21
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This study proposes Market Miles that is advanced index of Food Miles to quantify environmental load caused by the transport, to and from the market. Market Miles is composed from two parts, one is the Article Miles (from the place of origin to the market) and the other is Shopping Miles (from the market to the each home). The case study is executed in different types of two markets that locate in Kurashiki city. The one is regional producting and consuming style morning fair in the downtown, and the other is large-scale suburban store. The Market Miles of large-scale suburban store is about twice as that of downtown market. It is also clarified that the proportion of Shopping Miles is not small especially caused by shopping by car.
  • - the "Regions and "Regional Councils" as a new form of regional government
    Tadashi Matsumoto, Takashi Onishi
    Session ID: 120
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    In the late 90's, when Sweden joined EU, it faced to make an adjustment to its regional development policy. As a result, Sweden experienced merger and restructuring of regional governments, along with decentralization in regional development. This article studies the background and reasons of the reform and tries to give an interim evaluation to the ongoing "Regional Experiment," seeking a new form of regional government.
    The analysis indicates that: 1) as the background of the reform, there was a lack of democracy and efficiency in regional development policy in Sweden, because the non-elected County Administrative Boards had been the main actor; 2) democracy has been improved by decentralizing regional development policy towards the new regional self-governing bodies; and that 3) the effect on efficiency, on the other hand, has not been very clear so far.
  • Kyoko Shikanai, Mikiko Ishikawa
    Session ID: 161
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This paper analyzes how the riverbank area along the Rivers in the downtown of Tokyo has been evolved since it was settled as "Kashi"in the Edo period. The evolution is alalyzed from the point of view of land use and ownership. The history is devided in five periods: Edo period, pres-Shikukaisei, post-Shikukaisei, post Great Kanto Earthquake, post-World War II. In the Edo period, Kashi was once regulated as open space and public space. Kashi developed to the East of Tokyo, as the City modernized after the Meiji Restoration. Rivers were buried after the World War II. Each lot of kashi was sold out gradually because of finance after the Olympic Games in 1964. But some kashi still remain public space in Tokyo in Heisei period.
  • satoshi toi, kohji sakamoto, yoshitaka kajita
    Session ID: 91
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This study is on the project of forming the community zone at Wakahisa district in Fukuoka-city. We researched the process of agreement and opposition between the conference and the resident by analyzing the conference minutes and the interviews to the dissenters and the conference members. It became clear that the mutual communication, sharing of information and flexible response to the dissenters were required to promote the agreement at the beginning of the project.The opposition causes the careful supply by the conference members to the residents, the interest of the residents for the project and the deeper discussion by them. As an effect, the community of the district strengthened.
  • Tomoko Kawawa, Norihiro Nakai, Masahiko Nakanishi
    Session ID: 65
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    In general residential areas, the scatter of constructions has been causing a big impact on tree loss. This study, by focusing on apartments built recently in Scenic Districts, aims to grasp the existing regulations and the circumstances related to city greening, and to consider an advisable control method in future. The results are as follows (1) It is necessary to reconsider the adequacy of the deregulation for small-scale areas (2) Although the preferential treatment has been introduced for roadside part greening, it is unlikely effective (3) The forms of an apartment site and a row-house site are different, therefore it is apparently effective for each type to have its own fitting greening guidelines (4) Parking lots are a big factor in non-greening open spaces, so guidelines for greening parking lots need to be issued (5) The meaning and necessity of a control method considering green continuity was reconfirmed.
  • Using the Person-Trip Survey 2000 data in the Keihanshin Metropolitan Area
    Kazumasa Hanaoka
    Session ID: 16
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this article is to propose a weighting adjustment of the Person-Trip (PT) Survey data by using simulated annealing (SA). The accuracies and effectiveness of SA are discussed by comparison with a cell weighting. Major findings are that 1) SA is able to adjust the PT Survey data to the same constrained table of a cell weighting at the 1% difference. In addition, 2) the weighted data also agree with the second constrained table on workplace which has not been incorporated in a cell weighting. Besides, 3) the weighted data fit reasonably well to unconstrained tables on occupation and driver's license. The further analysis reveals that relationships between constrained and unconstrained tables determine the accuracies for unconstrained tables. These findings support that SA is a highly effective approach for a weighting adjustment of the PT Survey data.
  • The Active Usage of Public Space for the Effective Area Management
    Chikako Tenmyo, Shigenori Kobayashi
    Session ID: 56
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The Tokyo metropolitan government has enforced the "Tokyo Municipal Ordinance on promoting the SYARETA-MACHINAMIDUKURI (the SYAREMACHI ordinance)" to create attractive and exceptional cities. The ordinance came into effect in October 2003 to improve the area management. This study aims to evaluate the potentiality of the SYAREMACHI ordinance from the area management perspective.
    At first, we reviewed the recent cases on the active usage of public spaces in multiple districts. The regulations involved were inquired and the new institutional movements to stimulate this issue were summarized. Through hearings, we clarified the present states of several machidukuri organizations and their active usage of public spaces. Finally, the significance and confrontations of the SYAREMACHI ordinance on area management were identified.
  • Norihiro Tsuchie, Akio Kondo, Kojiro Watanabe
    Session ID: 7
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this study is to calculate the value of barrier-free maintenance of railway station facilities for elderly and handicapped persons, as a direct use value and an option value. First, the questionnaire survey was executed to examine the willingness to pay (WTP) for barrier-free maintenance of railway station facilities. Next, we assumed the demand function of exponential type, and then the average of WTP is calculated. As a result, in the case of the barrier-free maintenance for elderly persons, a direct use value of elevator and escalator became highest value. In the case of the barrier-free maintenance for handicapped persons, an option value of elevator became highest value.
  • Early-Stage Achievements and Effects of District Planning Utilizing the 42-3 Road in Tsukishima District in Chuo City, Tokyo
    Kota Kawasaki
    Session ID: 170
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Chuo City, Tokyo, enforced district planning utilizing what is called 42-3 Road, which is designated as the road under Clause 3, Article 42 of the Building Standard Law, in Tsukishima District, on July 1, 2004. This planning aims at improving the disaster protection function and promoting provision of high-quality housing while preserving alleys in this area. This study discusses early-stage achievements and effects of the planning by comparing it with district planning using grouped-building approval, which was enforced on December 1, 1997.This study demonstrates that district planning utilizing the 42-3 road has successfully achieved the two aims mentioned above, and that the planning has been more effective in achieving those two aims than district planning using grouped-building approval. However, the planning has not accelerated the rebuilding of housing, which is the premise to achieve those two aims, as much as district planning using grouped-building approval.
  • Teruaki Irie
    Session ID: 60
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Recently heat island has been a big problem especially in urban area. In previous research, it has not been investigated into the effects of open space layout. It is essential to demonstrate the reducing heat island effects of open space layout for practical use. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the effective open space formation (i.e. types, dimensions, and layout ), to present the heat island moderating methods, and to develop the evaluative method by applying Landsat data. As the result of this research, it was shown that the heat islands reducing effects by planned open space.
  • A case study of large-scale shopping mall development and its impact on living environment
    Eiko Nishi
    Session ID: 173
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This study examines the relationship between quality of life and suburban development. I will investigate how a newly developed large-scale shopping mall in a regional Japanese city, Kumamoto has been impacting the living conditions of those living near the mall. We conducted a survey of households with small children whose lives have experienced changes after the shopping mall development. We found 95% of the respondents feeling deteriorations in their living environments, including heavy traffic jam, noise problems and declined safety after the arrival of the shopping mall. Our findings empirically explain how large-scale shopping malls can pose threats to the quality of life and urban sustainability of otherwise healthy living environments for households with children.
  • Case Study of Yamanashi Prefect. Minami Alps City
    MICHIKO MUNAKATA, ISAO OOYAMA
    Session ID: 70
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The approach that revalues a historical resource in the region in a lot of municipalities in recent years, provides the rule of the design guide etc and induces the town is done. It is possible to clarify the continuous feature for the landscape control in the future though a lot of regions do not see continuity with the history easily. The purpose of this study is arranging a chaotic private house style in the pattern and considering continuity with the history, and to clarify the consideration of people who succeed to a traditional Private House Style without landscape ordinance for a present private house landscape in Rural Settlements in a Local Suburb with being exposed to the wave of development and that have come not to see the continuity of the history easily. As a result, a basic finding landscape control in the future which contributed to a history and left a consecutive was able to be obtained.
  • Effects and Problems of Restoration Subsidy System and Trends of Inheritance Focusing on Characteristics and Consciousness of Households and Establishments
    Keisuke Matsutani, Fumihiko Kobayashi, Mitsuhiko Kawakami
    Session ID: 68
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of this study is to clarify the characteristics of households and establishments that use historical wooden houses in the historic center of Kanazawa City, the trend concerning the inheritance of such houses, and the effects of restoration subsidy systems by Kanazawa City. It was found that the households are severely aging, houses are mostly inherited by family members, and that the majority remained uncertain whether or not the house will be inherited. Among the three restoration subsidy systems, the one including improvement of bathrooms and kitchens were most often used by those who didn't inherit the house from family members. It was also found that those who used the subsidy system were more aware of their houses' value.
  • An Analysis Using Conditional Facility Location Models
    Tsutomu Suzuki
    Session ID: 31
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Fast transportation routes such as railways and highways in a city have an effect on locational decision making and urban spatial structure. This paper investigates optimal locational pattern of focal points in several ideal cities with fast transportation routes using conditional facility location models that minimize total travel distance. Optimal solutions with seven patterns of fast transportation routes are compared for two types of location model: traditional p-median model and flow-demand p-median model. Results shows that fast routes significantly affect locational patterns, especially for flow-demand models. Travel speed on fast routes also plays an important role in deciding optimal location. We observe that rectangular lattice and orbital route can reduce the concentration at the center and that hierarchical structure of facility location in flow-demand setting.
  • A case study on the transfer of Land Readjustment from Japan to Thailand
    Yuji Hino, Fumihiko Seta, Mizuo Kishita, Takayuki Kishii
    Session ID: 93
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Land Readjustment system originated in European countries, was greatly improved and applied to many places in Japan to solve various urban problems. Nowadays Land Readjustment is applied in several Asian Countries which suffer from rapid urbanization. Thai government formally started the examination to apply Land Readjustment in 1992 based on a cabinet approval. Since then Japanese government offered the technical cooperation to Thailand, which resulted in the enactment of Land Readjustment Law 2004 in Thailand. This study clarifies how Japanese Land Readjustment was modified to suit for Thai society, and proposes the ways to promote Land Readjustment. Then this paper discusses the matters to be considered for the transfer of Land Readjustment institutional system based on the case study of the transfer of Land Readjustment method to Thailand.
  • A report of 8th municipal staff training in Tokyo
    Taro ICHIKO, Shin AIBA, Takao SATO, Itsuki NAKABAYASHI
    Session ID: 118
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    Considering huge damage by great earthquake right on a mega-city, pre-disaster planning for post-disaster recovery is vital for the disaster mitigation measures. From this points of view, an administrative staff training for post-disaster urban recovery has been organized by Tokyo Metropolitan Government since 1998. Our team was involved to assist that training on July 2005.
    In this paper, cicumstances of pre-disaster planning for post-disaster recovery by TMG were summarized. After that, impacts of this training were analyzed through questionaire survey and resulut objects of training. Finally, a postion of this training among disaster reduction policies was discussed.
  • NOBUYUKI KOSEKI, KIMIO TAKANO
    Session ID: 76
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The definitions for health resorts in Germany describe principles of medical health cure and particular requirements for categorization. Actually health resorts in Germany are places which have high quality standard of living and environment. People in Japan are almost more interested in hotels and their hot springs. In my opinion Japanese hot spring resorts "ONSEN "should be also looked at as a whole, taking environment, urban development, medical health cure and relevant tourism into consideration. From this point of view there are many things to learn from the beautiful German "Kurort".
  • Yumi FUKUHARA
    Session ID: 122
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This study aims to illustrate the context of urban policies in Belgium after the federation and grasp the features of urban policies in each Regional government. In the past, there was no rigorous urban planning in Belgium and on top of that, the economic growth was at a more rapid pace than urban growth. Such planning is known as the "Laissez-faire" urban planning. At that time, there were no urban regeneration measures despite the uncontrolled situation.In the 1990s, urban regeneration measures started to play an important role in the urban planning of Belgium. The strategy approach for the urban regeneration shifted from physical regeneration with centralized structure to integrated approach for sustainability. But there is no unified urban planning in Belgium, so there is fear that the widening disparity and mismatch between each Region
  • Sohee Lee, Tsutomu Suzuki
    Session ID: 37
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The purpose of the paper is to find out trend and primary factors of change in commuting distance in Japanese metropolises for the period of 1965-2000. We distinguish the periods by change in the number of workers and commuting distance. During 1965-1970, commuting distance is increasing remarkably for all metropolises according to the spread of commuting boundary. During 1975-1985, increase of commuting distance is still represented that is caused by increase in the number of workers. During 1985-1990, the hasty increase tendency appears to all metropolises affected by bubble economy. During 1990-2000, only decrease tendency of commuting distance appears to Keihinyo (Tokyo) and Keihanshin (Osaka) metropolises, but the central area shows up increase of commuting distance.
  • mihiro takahashi, katuhiro kubo, rieko shiraki
    Session ID: 155
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    The division and culture that a Tonden soldier settled in are left in Kamiyubetu town on Hokkaido. There is a historic network between peculiar inhabitants in city to own such peculiar history. And that can take a big role in community design of the present if we use this network well. In the main subject the townsman who is a Tonden soldier's descendant was made into "the Tonden people", and structure of the "Tonden network" which is those everyday companionship was clarified As a result of analysis, the actual situation that the townsman who moved to the center of town from soldier village maintained a network became real in Kamiyubetu town.
  • Through the analysis of the process of converting the lands around KOKYO into the imperial estate with the imperial palace construction during Meiji era
    Noriko Osawa, Reiji Obase
    Session ID: 159
    Published: 2006
    Released: January 05, 2007
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS FREE ACCESS
    This paper has an aims to verify a hypothesis, which is that the imperial palace construction during Meiji era influenced making the city of Tokyo during Meiji era. Therefore, we researched history materials about KOKYO, focused on the process of converting the lands around KOKYO into the imperial estate with the imperial palace construction. As a result, some affairs have clarified. The first is that this conversion met with strong opposition from the army ministry which had the city planning around Marunouchi, near to KOKYO. The second is that the road plan (SHIKU-KAISEI) by the interior ministry had consideration for the imperial palace construction. And the third is that the landscape of the inner moat of KOKYO was preserved by this conversion.
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