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Online ISSN : 2424-0664
Print ISSN : 0916-6920
ISSN-L : 2424-0664
21 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の12件中1~12を表示しています
特別寄稿
特集1
特集2
  • 梅本 晃正, 大和 雅之, 西田 幸二, 江藤 浩之, 中内 啓光, 岡野 光夫
    2011 年 21 巻 1 号 p. 19-23
    発行日: 2011/03/25
    公開日: 2017/06/12
    ジャーナル フリー

    With significant attention paid to the field of tissue-specific stem cells, the identification of stem cell-specific markers and stem cell niche is of considerable importance. Recently, we showed that high expression of integrin β3 is an attribute of both rabbit corneal epithelial stem cells and mouse hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Additionally, we mainly utilized HSCs to elucidate the relationship between tissue-specific stem cells and integrin β3, and demonstrated that the expression of integrin β3 (CD61) is correlated with properties of HSCs. Moreover, our results strongly indicate that the integrin β3 subunit on HSCs is associated with integrin α3v (CD51), but not integrin αIIb (CD41). These results suggest that integrin β3 subunit is available as a common surface marker of tissue-specific stem cells. In addition, induction of integrin β3 signaling on HSCs contributes to the maintenance of HSC activity during ex vivo culture, which is dependent on the presence of thrombopoietin (TPO). Thus, our finding demonstrates that integrin β3 is essential for cytokine-dependent maintenance of stem cell activity. Thus, we believe that the further study for integrin β3 on tissue-specific stem cells provides a breakthrough that permits further characterization of the stem cell niche.

特集3
総説
  • 高尾 雅, 粕谷 亮
    2011 年 21 巻 1 号 p. 51-56
    発行日: 2011/03/25
    公開日: 2017/06/12
    ジャーナル フリー

    During solid tumor development, invasion of tumor cells in peripheral blood occur known as circulating tumor cells (CTC). Although mechanisms of invasive and metastatic behaviors of CTC are not fully understood, CTC becomes an important prognostic marker for cancer patients, which provides information of the therapy and the follow-up. We have challenged the enumeration of CTC by flow cytometry (FCM). In this article, we focus on our recent development of intact CTC enumeration and analysis procedure (iCeap), which enables to enumerate CTC keeping their cellular integrity. The iCeap is designed to perform a flow cytometric CTC enumeration and any downstream analysis after the measurement. Two applications with iCeap are shown; Live/Dead discrimination of CTC and cultivation of spiked cancer cell line. A prospective usefulness of CTC qualification in addition to quantification is discussed.

  • 飯村 忠浩, 杉山 真由, 牧野 祐司, 中根 綾子, 渡辺 高, 山口 朗
    2011 年 21 巻 1 号 p. 57-63
    発行日: 2011/03/25
    公開日: 2017/06/12
    ジャーナル フリー

    個体発生は細胞の増殖や移動,機能分化が動的に協調して変遷していく過程である。分子生物学やゲノム科学の進展によって,脊椎動物の発生に関わる様々な共通ルールが明らかとなってきた。蛍光ライブイメージングは,4 次元での定量的な解析を可能にし,分子から細胞,組織,器官,個体までのより包括的な理解を助ける。これによって,発生・発達生物医学は,分子の階層的記述から,より動的に理解することが可能になってきた。本稿では,脊椎動物の発生・発達生物医学における最近のトピックをいくつか挙げ,その動向と今後の展望について議論したい。

原著
  • 池本 健三, 江口 賢, 古屋 智子, 小賀 厚徳, 河内 茂人, 松山 豪泰, 佐々木 功典
    2011 年 21 巻 1 号 p. 65-70
    発行日: 2011/03/25
    公開日: 2017/06/12
    ジャーナル フリー

    Objective: In order to improve the diagnostic accuracy of urothelial tumors, a technology of molecular cytogenetic analysis was applied to bladder washings. Study design: Multicolor - FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization, UroVysion® ) was applied to specimens prepared by the liquid-based cytology (LBC) method for 305 bladder washings. FISH data was compared with cytological findings. Results: The cytological examination classified tumors into three categories; negative, equivocal, and malignant for 34.1%, 30.2%, and 35.7% of 305 specimens, respectively. UroVysion using three centromere probes for chromosomes 3, 7, and 17, and a locus specific probe for 9p21 harboring p16INK4a allowed diagnosis as follows. When more than 10% of epithelial cells show numerical aberrations of signal spots at least in one of 3 CEPs or when more than 7% of epithelial cells have less than 2 spots of 9p21, the tumor is classified as urothelial carcinoma. Furthermore, the tumor in which the 'variant fraction size' of CEPs is less than 15% is categorized as low-grade carcinoma. The tumor in which the 'variant fraction size' of CEPs is more than 15% is categorized as high-grade carcinoma. Negative, low-grade carcinoma, and high-grade carcinoma accounted for 35.4%, 27.5%, and 37.1% of 305 cases, respectively. In this series, 69.5% of cytogenetically negative tumors were cytologically diagnosed as negative, and 80.5% of high-grade carcinomas were cytologically diagnosed as positive. Conclusion: The multicolor-FISH analysis allows a diagnosis of urothelial tumors.

  • 野村 昌作, 稲見 則仁, 藤田 真也, 小笹 亮太郎, 東 秀二, 永井 豊
    2011 年 21 巻 1 号 p. 71-84
    発行日: 2011/03/25
    公開日: 2017/06/12
    ジャーナル フリー

    Since Wolf found platelet dust or platelet vesicle which was a bleb from activated platelet in 1960s, it has become to be known well that this vesicle has coagulant activity and recently is termed as microparticles. It is well known that microparticles are generated from many kinds of activated and/or apoptotic cells and suggested that micoparticles increase in diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome and coronary syndrome. In the present study, we measured the number of platelet-derived microparticles (PDMP) and that of endothelium-derived microparticles (EDMP) from healthy subjects (n=29) and patient subjects (n=20) who received percutaneous coronary intervention operation by using of flow cytometer (FCM) with FITC labeled CD41 monoclonal antibody or CD144 polyclonal antiserum for the purpose of proposing standardization of PDMP and EDMP determination. PDMP gate was set to include particles of >0.5μm and <1.0μm in forward scatter (FS) and EDMP gate was set to include particles of >0.5μm and <2.0μm in FS. FITC positive events in the gate of FS-FL1 scatter were counted by using of FCM. PDMP were found even in the healthy subjects (113±78events/μl) but numerous PDMP were found in the patient subjects (490±660events/μl). EDMP were rare in the healthy subjects (1.5±0.9events/μl) but substantial number of EDMP were found in the patient subjects (10.0±6.0events/μl). Events detected by isotype control staining were very fewer than PDMP and EDMP. These data suggest that our gate setting is convincing for measuring PDMP and EDMP by using of FCM and we propose the present gate setting for standardization of PDMP and EDMP determination.

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