The period when D.H. Lawrence produced his works saw the great expansion of the literary market. The change in the market turned books into commodities which were enjoyed not only by an intellectual minority but also by mass people. And the vast consumption of literary works caused the appearance of the dichotomy between serious literature and popular literature. The dichotomy, however, originated from the discussions about mass culture among intellectuals who were afraid of the political advance of the working-class and the lower-middle-class people. In the theories mass society was regarded as a deteriorated society, and mass culture its symbol. Lawrence, after the middle of 1915, began to despise mass culture and consider himself a writer for an intellectual minority, but his chronic poverty sometimes forced him to try to become a popular writer. The fact that the elements of popular literature can be discovered in his works indicates that the dichotomy must be called into question, and that his works should be studied in the broader cultural context which comprehends both elite culture and mass culture.