In the pastoral world of The White Peacock appear more than a hundred kinds of plants, among which apples stand out. Apples are a very common fruit seen anywhere in the real or fictional world. In the novel which might have been entitled Crab-apples, however, apples are, more often than not, full of meanings. Both visibly and invisibly, apples reveal themselves metaphorically or symbolically; for example, they appear in the narrative of the novel, in the characters' speech, and even in the titles of the chapters. The question we have to ask here is why in The White Peacock Lawrence so strongly attached himself to apples. Gathering all the apples in the story makes it clear that they lie mainly between George and Lettie. This paper focuses its attention on the couple and examines how each apple acts on their relationship. A close look at apples' function in the unfolding of the story shows that Lawrence utilizes them effectively to depict the characters' unhappy romance in the pastoral milieu.
In Apocalypse (1930), D. H. Lawrence discusses two concepts of time: time as linear and time as cyclical. While the former is the logical and ontological principle in modern, Christian society, the latter is that in the ancient, pagan world. Obviously Lawrence sets a high value on the latter. This tendency of thinking of time as cyclical was already presented in his writings from 1914 to 1920. The notion of time developed in the philosophical essays, such as“The Crown”and“The Reality of Peace, ”comprises three characteristic aspects:“flux of creation, ”“timelessness”and“flux of corruption.”At the same time, Lawrence embodies his notion in The Rainbow and Women in Love. However, what Lawrence underlines in each novel differs; that is, Lawrence places special emphasis on the periodicity and repetition of time in The Rainbow, and the“flux of corruption”in Women in Love. This thematic change is related to his growing sense of crisis about the human situation in Western civilization.