Lawrence's travel books, including Twilight in Italy, have mainly been regarded as works that reflect the writer himself, and valued for the insights they provide into his fiction. This paper is an attempt to study Lawrence's travelogue in its own right. It begins with a brief examination of some traditional critiques of Twilight in Italy and then proceeds to a discussion of a post-colonial approach to the book. Recognizing that the post-colonial approach reveals the imperialist tendency to dualistically differentiate or categorize ‘the other, ’ the paper recommends paying more attention to some specific aspects of travel or the traveler, and regarding the border-space as a topos rich in potential for relativizing or decentralizing the established and fixed meanings and institutions.
Lawrence's use of the motif of the Sleeping Beauty in‘The Princess’(the story of a white virgin raped by a Mexican man) has been often pointed out by critics. H. T. Moore, for example, regards the story as a‘reversal’of the fairy tale. This paper attempts to explore the fundamental reason for the heroine's catastrophic result. In the analysis of the story, the paper introduces a new concept of‘raciality’. The consideration of the complex relationship between discourses of sexuality and raciality will make it clear that the principal factor in the tragedy of the Princess lies in the. savage‘raciality’, not sadistic sexuality, of the Mexican man. The discussion then goes on to a critical analysis of the problems of stereotype and projection. In concluding, the paper argues that the tragedy of Lawrence's Sleeping Beauty means not her being raped by a man but her being raped by a non-white man.
This essay studies the critical reception of Lawrence's representation, in Women in Love, of two different homoerotic relationships. The one between Birkin and Gerald is thought by some to suggest an “eternal conjunction” through a chivalric pledge of “Blutbrüderschaft.” The other between Loerke and Leitner is seen as degenerate and sodomitical. The relationship between the two Britons has been variously considered to be so physical as to degrade the novel, or so sublimated as to desexualize it. Edward Carpenter's view of “love” and “friendship” among “Urnings” permits us to interpret this relationship as an attempt at a German Romantic “friendship” which is sensual as well as spiritual. The negative characterization of the two Germans who fail to embody this ideal, and their exclusion, by its proponents, from the “eternal conjunction [blood brotherhood], ” is characteristic of the episteme influenced by the “medicalization of homosexuality” both in Germany and England at that time. A post-structuralist reading of the text opens the door to a non-judgemental, value-neutral view of these relationships. It leads us to conclude that they represent ambivalent attitudes towards homoeroticism, which were held in the early twentieth century. These are, in part, constructed using the discourse surrounding Germanic homosexual emancipation.