The purpose of this study was to investigate the usefulness of computed radiographic diagnosis for pneumonia by chest lateral image in standing position of 11 calves. We did not have to re-taken radiographs due to imaging technique error. It was possible to observe caudal lobes in all 11 calves, but not cranial lobes in this experimental study. Therefore, computed radiographic diagnosis is useful for diagnosing extension and severity of pneumonia in calves.
The efficacy and safety of a 0.05% difluprednate ophthalmic solution against canine external ocular inflammatory diseases were clinically evaluated. A 0.1% pranoprofen ophthalmic solution was used as a control. A total of 200 dogs with external ocular inflammatory diseases were randomly divided into two groups: a difluprednate-treated group (Group D) and pranoprpfen-treated group (Group P). Of the 200 dogs, 165 were suffering from conjunctivitis, 14 from keratitis, and 21 from blepharitis. A good or moderate response was shown by 94/101 (93.1%) of the dogs in Group D, and by 81/99 (81.8%) of the dogs in Group P. The efficacy of the drugs in each group was similarly high, and there was no significant difference in drug efficacy between the groups. However, three days after the start of the treatment, the D group had a significant improvement in the symptoms compared with the P group. Therefore, difluprednate was considered to be more rapid-acting than pranofen. In both groups, no obvious side effects were seen. Based on these results, difluprednate ophthalmic solution was confirmed to be safe and highly efficient against canine external ocular inflammatory diseases.
A ten-year-three-month-old castrated miniature dachshund was brought in because of lethargy and anorexia beginning one month previously. Severe non-regenerative anemia and mild thrombocytopenia were checked by complete blood count. Bone marrow aspirate showed erythroid hyperplasia, decrease in the number of cells following the orthochromatic erythroblast stage, and phagocytosis of red blood cells by mononuclear cells. Based on these findings, the disease was diagnosed as non-regenerative immune-mediated anemia. As pulse therapy with methylprednisolone was not effective, we administered human intravenous immunoglobulin and cyclosporine, which resulted in the rise of packed cell volume (PCV). Afterward this immunosuppressive therapy, mainly with cyclosporine, was continued for about five months, during which the dog's condition was good. On the 173rd day, the disease recurred, but this time human immunoglobulin was not very effective. Beginning on day 210, cyclosporine and an additional medicine, azathioprine, were administered, but the anemia continued for more than four months. From day 349 on, PCV improved, and the dog has been in good condition since then.
A 16-month-old male domestic shorthair cat was referred to us with a seven-month history of constipation associated with multiple pelvic fractures. The pelvic canal, which had been narrowed by bone deformation, was surgically restored by symphyseal enlargement using a simple coil spacer, a device that we constructed by winding an orthopedic wire into a 12 mm coil. Osteotomy and implantation of the device resulted in 30% enlargement of the pelvic canal. After surgery, no further episodes of constipation occurred during a 10-month follow-up period. This technique is a good alternative to the metal spacer widely used in Japan. Further study is required to evaluate the prognosis and complications of this method.