The efficacy of toltrazuril (Baycox® for swine) against feline coccideosis was evaluated using 19 cats infected with coccidiosis. These cats had been diagnosed as suffering from coccidiosis while being accommodated at Amitie Institution affiliated with the Animal Clinical Research Foundation. Toltrazuril was administered orally at a dose of 30 mg/kg according to the following three protocols: 1) a single dose, 2) once a day for two consecutive days, 3) once a day for three consecutive days per week for two weeks. The success rates of the treatments were 1) 33.8%, 2) 83.3%, 3) 100%, respectively. The results showed that toltrazuril was highly effective in treating coccidiosis in cats. It is important to administer toltrasuril for two to three days continuously, and also to repeat the same procedure within 10 days before oocysts reappear in the feces.
Rabbits that develop acute gastric dilatation (AGD) due to a gastrointestinal motility disorder experience intense sharp pain and shock and sometimes die even after receiving treatment. It is difficult to judge their fatality risk, and it would be very useful to judge it easily at the first medical examination. Here, we investigated a highly reliable method for judging their fatality risk with 28 rabbits that developed AGD (23 recovered, 3 died, and 2 required lifesaving measures) and 33 normal rabbits. The aortic diameter on the initial radiographs of dead rabbits was significantly narrower than that of the animals that showed recovery. Thirty-three normal rabbits showed that a middle grade correlation between aortic diameter and body weight. In animals requiring life-saving measures, the reduced aortic diameter recovered to a normal value after treatment. We suggest that radiographic measurement of the aortic diameter has the highest reliability to evaluate an affected rabbited risk of death. We believe that the arterial narrowing reflects the aorta baroreceptor reflex following shock-related low blood pressure and might be related to the pathology of AGD in rabbits.
Serum fatty acid concentration was measured in a Golden Retriever diagnosed with canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) accompanied with hypothyroidism, and iatrogenic adrenal insufficiency. Prior to the initiation of therapy, 11 out of the 24 types of measured fatty acids exceeded the reference range. After treatment, there was a general improvement in the cutaneous state. However, on Day 180 of the disease, the concentration of only one type of fatty acid exceeded the reference value and that of 11 types was lower than the reference value; the cutaneous state deteriorated again at this stage. Therefore, a fatty acid supplement was incorporated into the treatment. This resulted in a vast improvement in the cutaneous state. Measurements of serum fatty acid concentrations in this case elucidate the timing for when a fatty acid supplement should be administrated.
Pain or discomfort of the patient is an important indicator for identifying an abnormal state of a wound at an early stage. However, in veterinary nursing, where it is difficult to get such indications from animals, early detection of abnormality through observation is needed. We considered whether thermography could be used as an efficient observational tool in veterinary nursing. We monitored the surgical wounds of 2 dogs. We observed the change in surface temperature of the wound while healing was progressing. When we found areas with low temperature in the wound, we were able to recognize a worsening condition, such as an infection or necrosis. Thermographic assessment of surgical wounds may be efficient in evaluating the healing process. It can be a useful tool for observing wounds in veterinary nursing.