In order to evaluate the advantages of a 'w/d' roughage (Hill's Co. Ltd.), a fiber-rich diet for cats after undergoing pancoloectomy, the following experiments were performed in six cats. Through pancolectomy, an end-to-end anastomosis of the ileum to the sigmoid colon was created in all of them under general anesthesia. Three of them were fed w/d for 14 days after surgery (test group). The other three were fed an ordinary diet, 'Maintenance' (Hill's Co., Ltd.) as a control (control group). In the test group, the cats had a bowel movement with normal stool on day 2 after surgery and also during the following observation period. In the control group, the animals had loose bowels during the observation period. Since this w/d was low in calories, an additional high calorie food might be necessary intermittently. Nevertheless, it was useful to keep the animals undergoing pancoloectomy free from diarrhea, which seemed to improve their quality of life. From these observations, we concluded that the w/d was useful as a diet for cats after pancolectomy.
A six-month-old male golden retriever dog weighing 21.5kg was referred to the Osaka Prefecture University Veterinary Teaching Hospital with a three-month history of polyuria and polydypsia. Hematology and blood chemistry revealed nonregenerative anemia, azotemia, high serum creatinine level, hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypercholesterolemia, and hyperamylasemia. Urinalysis indicated slight proteinuria, and low low urogravity. Radiographic and ultrasonographic examinations revealed that the patient had smaller kidneys than normal. Histological examination by renal biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of renal dysplasia. Treated with low-protein and low-phosphorus diet, oral adsorbents, dried aluminum hydroxide gel and recombinant human erythropoietin (Epo), the dog survived approximately 15 months after the first presentation. In this case, noticeable decrease of serum iron level was observed after periodic infusion of Epo, although Epo was effective in alleviating anemia. This suggests the importance of monitoring serum iron level while treating with Epo.
A five-month-old mixed-breed cat was brought to our hospital, with acute hyposthenea, swelling of the right chest, and rapid, weak pulse. The cat was diagnosed by physical and blood chemistry tests, and radiography, as having a paracostal hernia. In spite of primary medical care, the cat was still in poor general condition the next day. Therefore, surgical operation was chosen, because radiography using iodine contrast medium confirmed that the alimentary canal was obstructed. The peritoneum and the transverse muscle of the abdomen were ruptured at the last costal part of the right chest, and the intestinum tenue deviated toward the right chest wall subcutis. Rupture of the diaphram of the ventarl region was also seen. Since the herniated jejunum had twisted and necrotized at the hernia ring, this locus of the jejunum was removed surgically and an end-to-end anastomosis was created. The lacerated abdominal wall and the ruptured diaphragm were closed with simple interrupted sutures using braided silk. The cat was in good health after surgery.
Nikasyou is an essence extarcted from certain plants growing wild in China. It has been used for improvemet of chronic hepatic diseases and in lipid metabolism in human clinics. It can also normalize the levels of blood glucose, aspartic acid transferase (AST), and alanin aminotransferase (ALT). In this study, Nikasyou was administered to non insulin-dependent diabetic cat. When it was brought in, the 10-year-old male cat had dysbasia, various neurological symptoms, and urinary problems, and was diagnosed as having diabetes mellitus, so treatment with insulin was initiated. Six months later, insulin treatment was no longer necessary, and soon the neurological symptorr disappeared. The animal underwent diet therapy, but still showed high levels of AST, ALT, blood glucose, and hepatopathy. So the animal was medicated with Nikasyou for 4 weeks. The levels of AST, ALT, and blood glucose measured after the administration of Nikasyou decreased by 30, 20, and 40%, respectively. Fructosamin (FRA) and triglycerid (TG) also decreased by 35% and 80%. Since Nikasyou is effective for hepatopathy and lipid metabolic disorders, it seemed that the administration of Nikasyou can help improve general conditions related to diabetes mellitus.
We report a case of guttural pouch tympany in a male heavy draft horse. The five-month-old foal presented with tympanic swelling in the dorsal region of the right parotid gland and noisy breathing. Lateral radiographs showed tympanity of the right guttural pouch. Endoscopy showed projection of the ventral region of the right audictive tube into the pharyngeal cavity. The case was diagnosed as a unilateral tympany of the guttural pouch. It was treated with median septum fenestration performed through the right Viborg's triangle, while using an endoscope. The patient recovered well after surgery.