教育社会学研究
Online ISSN : 2185-0186
Print ISSN : 0387-3145
ISSN-L : 0387-3145
16 巻
選択された号の論文の14件中1~14を表示しています
  • 岩井 竜也
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 2-23,en251
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    Japanese industry has advanced further than the prewar level and the educational standard of the Japanese people has been elevated along with the industrial progress. In this paper are dealt with problems concerning the secondary educational system which is lagging behind the remarkable industrial progress.
    First of all, the position which the secondary education occupies should be discussed in terms of an overall view of the changes in the structure of educational careers in the world of industry. One of the remarkable things is that the proportion of the junior high school graduates is unbalanced in some aspects of industry. There is a tendency of increase in the member of junior high schools does not meet the needs of the changing industry. In fact, the functions of the technical, agricultural and commercial curricula cannot keep up with highly advanced and varied industrial activities. At the same time, the general curriculum includes complicated problems, too, because approximately half of the junior high school graduates take this curriculum aiming at acquiring general education and because the teachers try to meet the needs of college entering students at the neglect of those who go to work immediately after finishing junior high schools.
    In short, it is necessary to reform the present secondary educational system in the light of the changing industrial structure and highly advancing industrial activities.
  • 麻生 誠, 関 絢一
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 24-53,en251
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    This is a study of the status of good senior high schools which aim at performing the role of providing preparatory education for Aclass universities. 167 high schools were selected on the basis of frequencies of entering 7 national universities and average scores of the examinations to select special Ikueikai scolarship recipients. These schools include 12% of the students enrolled in general curriculum and more than 60% of the entering students to 7 national universities are from those high schools. The nations wide distribution of good senior high schools is as follows: concentration type, decentralization type, mixed type and lacking type. The first type is to have one good high school in the area ; the second type is not to have any outstanding high school but to have B-class and C-class schools in parallel; the third type is to hold all A-class, B-class and C-class high schools in the same area; the last type is to have no good high schools to educate the intellectuals of the area. As to the academic standard, the mixed type is the highest while the decentralization type the lowest.
    A detailed survey was taken concerning the good high schools in 10 typical areas representing the above mentioned types. It has been clarified that there are various patterns of the formation of differences among schools. Academic abilities of the high school students, both public and private, general courses and vocational courses, have been quantified.
  • 宇野 一
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 54-66,en250
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    The characteristics of the understanding of their vocation among senior high school today are roughly as follows; superiority to elementary and junior high school teachers, inferiority to college and university professors, elite-consciousness against parents and citizens, indifference to their communitylives, etc. These char acteristics mainly depend on their academic careers, the wage-differentials between senior high school and others, the concept of teaching profession on the part of parents and society, etc. It is neccessary to challenge these problems in order to reform such understanding permeated among senior high school teachers.
  • 河合 慎吾
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 67-85,en250
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    Problem find Procedure
    The purpose of this study is to throw light upon the social character of modern highteens. The first point is to formulate their main characteristics by analyzing the data of the attitude survey of three highteen groups.(high school boys, young factory workers and white collar workers). The next point is to explore the conditions that injure their healthy development by using many documents about the highteen problems.
    Results Three characteristics of modern highteens are mainly as follows;
    (1) they have pluralistic ethical value systems, thatis, their values and ideologies are not monotheistical, (2) they assume rather ego-centric attitudes toward the society but they are the sametime, very sensitive to the judgement of their peer-groups, (3) they are practical and externally oriented, never confined themselves within the inner-worlds and enrich them.
    They have heathy personality traits in budding, but they are weak as individuals. So they cannot resist the negative forces without as individuals and are liable to surrender to the negative conditions, for example, over-competition in school and other seeming uncontrollable socio-political forces.
  • 後藤 誠也
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 86-98,en249
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    There has brought about many problems on the college entrance examination in Japan. One of those is on ronins. Applicants for admission to colleges have increased in proportion as highschool students have done. On the one hand, there are the remarkable differences of estimation among colleges or universities, and the other hand, the entrance into the universities estimated highly is closely connected with the success of future life, so, many applicants wish to pass the entrance examination of a few excellent universities such as the Tokyo University etc. The entrance examinations of those colleges have become harder and lots of applicants can not pass them with the three years literary ability of high school. Those applicants must work harder a year or more after graduating high school for passing the examination.
    Thus, the existence of ronins is due to the hard entrance examination of a few excellent universities. But many high school students can not help affirming to be ronins with their families as the inevitable in order to pass the examination. Some of them work longer in vain. intend to put a period as early as they could, and sit for several college entrance examinations of faculties being different specialities each other.
    Now it is the time that we should call everyone's attention to the problem of ronins and take steps of the desirable solution of this problem. But we are sorry to say that we have been unable to find the opinion or the means to the solution of this problem.
    This essay is refered to a part of ronins' reality and has a significance as data for the reconsideration of this problem. As the central point, the comparison of college achievement record between ronins and new graduates of high school is mentioned, and the handicap of the former in the achievement is refered.
    At any rate, the problem of ronins should not be overlooked from the stand points of the exploitation of man power and the relief or waste of applicant's youth. For that, we should take into consideration of the selection of college entrants, and at the same time, take steps in the direction to the decrease of ronins among entrants by degrees.
  • 馬場 四郎
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 100-106
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 馬場 四郎, 深谷 昌志
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 107-128
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 松井 一麿
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 129-136,en248
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    The problem which is made clear in this part is the disfunctioning state of existing public financial organizations in pursi sting their educational services. In our country establishing and increasing school buildings is not the direct concern of the Government, but, through the Article 29 of the School Education Law of 1947, regarded as the duty of local autonomous bodies. Today, population increase in Toko is tremendous, especially in its fringe area. So much is the population influx, so much the burden upon the local autoncmous body in meeting people's educational needs. Of course there are some relief measures in the form of treasery grants or flotation of loans, these measures are too inadequate to make local autonomous bodies carried out their educational services.
  • 中川 信平
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 137-156,en247
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    This is the study of 70 natives on the educational expectancies which they have for their sons and daughters in the process of farming abandoning. This process is divided into five stages; from the first stage desiring to continue farming properly to the fifth stage disappearing farming entirely.
    First stage (8 cases): some of the natives need only the compulsory education, but some of them demand the high school education, for their children. Second stage (12 cases): the children want to go to high school or college and to be white collar workers but their parents oppose to them. Third stage (12 cases): natives expect the same high educational level as their children demand themselves. Fouth stage (7 cases): their children have grown up and natives still have the educational attitudes of the third stage. Fifth stage (31 cases): the educational expectancies of their parents is much higher than the demand of their children.
  • N婦人会の場合
    山村 賢明
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 157-171,en247
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    The group has two aspects: urbanized and less urbanized. The members'(ladies') attituds are modernly urbanizd in respect to overt, public and principled problems. But they are not so urbanized concerning covert, private and informal aspects.
    As every home has more possibilities to lead an isolated life, residential voluntary grouping becomes difficult and group activities relax. The lasting human relations in the residential area become either the formal ones that are wide in connecting range but not close in connecting density, or the informal ones whose relations are narrow and close. The-iatermediate form seems to be difficult to be realized.
    But if the small group activity is to be developed in those situations, it must be carried on by women who keep home while their husbands are out. Common problems concerning everyday life such as child-rearing and home management are critical as nuclei to tie them together. It is, of course, necessary that the central person exists and its leadership should not be to strong ideologically and in respect to group operating technique.
  • 坂本 昇一
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 172-181,en247
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    (1) “The Sushizume gakkyu”, over populated class, results in pupils' anxiety. It is due to “the sushizume gakkyu” that they can not achieve sufficiently their subjects in their classrooms, excessivly they are anxious about an entrance examination and that some pupils are treated as outsiders and are ridiculed.(2) Extremely the education in this town is inclined to fit an entrance examination and pupils are worried with serious inferiority complex.(3) Natives and removed-in-pupils adjust to the school life, and there are not conflict between the former and the latter.(4) At this rapidly urbani zing town, the difference between the upper and the lower classes grows unexpectedly, and especially pupils of the lower are loaded with more serious needs and problems.
  • 家族類型による育児上の差
    稲生 勁吾
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 184-192,en246
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    This aims to clarify the relations between the inner and outer structures of rural families in the phase of child rearing. The outer structures of families mean the family types such as nuclear families and extended families, and the inner structures are allotments of powers, feelings and roles among the family members.
    Method: This survey was taken at an agricultural district in Kawagoe, Saitama prefecture in 1958. 200 mothers were interviewed, who were engaged in agriculture and who had their children from one to four years old.
    Results: 1. In order to analyse the attitudes of child rearing, four categories were used, that is, “strict”, “over-protective”, “reflective” and “laissez-faire” attitude mothers of nuclear families were more “overprotective” and “laissez-faire” attitudes than those of extended families. Mothers of extended familes recognized that the attitudes of grandfathers or grandmothers were very “over-protective.” They evaluated their husbands as “laissez-faire” and themselves as “strict”. Very few grandfathers, grandmothers, faters and mothers themselves were regrded as “reflective.”
    2. In nuclear families the role-takers of child rearing were mothers, but in extended families were grandfathers. The mothers of extended families played a part of farming labourers. The role-takers of homemaking were mothers in nuclear families. On the contrary, grandmothers took this roles and mothers cooked every day in extended families.
    3. The information sources concerning the knowledge of child rearing were from their common sense in nuclear families, and from grandmothers in extended families. So scientific child rearing methods must be taught to those mothers and grandmothers.
  • 片岡 徳雄
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 193-208,en246
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    We have many researches about'influences of mass-communication upon children. These studies have taken, I think, a grave view of the forces of circumstance. Therefore, first, they found out the correlation between mass-communication and children, but not the causal relation; second they seemed to assume the ‘direct’ influences upon children through mass-media.
    To analyze the influences of mass-communication upon children we must distinguish pre-existing relations from after-effects brought about by mass-media, and set the intervening variables-e. g. the reference group or the interpersonal relations-between mass-media and children. Thus, according to the Katz and Lazaisfeld's assumption-‘the two step flow of communication’-, I want to investigate two following social events, and to illustrate the relations about mass-communication, small group and children:
    1) the participation by the senior high school students in the demonstration of the struggle against Revision of the Japan-U. S. Security Treaty.
    2) some of cants among the school children influenced through the catch-phrases, which were used by some of the comic talents of TV.
    From the first study, I clarify that some of the senior high-school students, who regarded their family as their reference group seemed to take part in the demonstrations, and the others who regarded their friends as their reference group seemed not. From the second, I illustrate that the children set a high value on the comic talent's cants in their play group, but set a low value on the cants in their study group.
  • 非行化条件とそのメカニズムの統合的視点から
    柴野 昌山
    1961 年 16 巻 p. 209-230,en245
    発行日: 1961/10/20
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    A theory of delinquency explains why delinquency occurs frequently in “delinquent areas” and why some fall in delinquency but others do not even in the same environmental conditions. If we call the former procedure of description why delinquency occurs “conditional analysis, ” the latter will be called “mechanism analysis” which describes the differences between delinquents and non-delinquents.
    The socio-cultural theories of delinquency which lay stress on the cultural transmissions or learning processes are apt to predispose on the conditional analysis, while on the other hand the psychogenic-maladaptive theories, in which emotional defects or psychological traumas have the important elements of their constructs, are disposed to follow the niechanism analysis.
feedback
Top