Nobuo Ina (1898-1978) wrote “Return To Photography”(1932) that was his first article on photography.
He introduced New German Photography Theories – “Neue Sachlichkeit”, “Reportage-Photo”, “Bauhaus” and others into Japan. They gave photography new concepts; “Real - Photography”, “Photography as Documents and Report of life”, “Photography as Light Plastic”.
Ina added another concept; “Photographer as Social Being”. This article also discussed a historical vision on modern photography. His point of view was always focused on the active relation of photography to society.
After World War II Nobuo Ina wrote several articles on the history of photography. “Establishment of Modern Photography and its Evolution” was published serially from 1964 to 1968 in which he opposed Beaumont Newhall’s and Helmut Gernsheim’s historical visions on modern photography. He believed that the true origin of modern photography was in Germany.
Ina positioned Japanese photography in the History of World Photography from this point of view.
William Henry Fox Talbot (1800-77), who is the well-known inventor of photography (calotype process), had a taste for landscape. The idea of photography came to Talbot while attempting to sketch the landscape of Lake Como (Italy) with a camera obscura. Haunting images of landscape was one of motives of Talbot’s invention of photography.
In this paper, I try to put Talbot’s works in the cultural context of this day. His taste for landscape reflected the trend of “The Picturesque”, that was the mode of viewing landscape in 18th century. On the other hand, his view of nature was similar to the 19th Romantic artists.
In my opinion, his works provide clues to the understanding of landscape-photography and to the accepting environment by photography.