日本ジェンダー研究
Online ISSN : 1884-7447
Print ISSN : 1884-1619
ISSN-L : 1884-1619
2006 巻, 9 号
選択された号の論文の10件中1~10を表示しています
  • 佐々木 正徳
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 1-12
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 阿国歌舞伎の出現とジェンダー政策の転換を通して
    冨士谷 あつ子
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 13-28
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    All over the world, genderation is supposed one of the most important issues to realize the well being of every person. Unless we pursue gender equality, even the problems caused by low birth ratio would not be solved. Since 1960's, the tide of women's liberation turned against sexual discrimination. The discrimination is due to the idea that men are superior to women.
    However, as we examine Japanese history, we find activewomen in various fields especially during the Heian Period in capital city of Kyoto. For example, a popular romance novel about aristocracy was authored by Lady Murasaki. Her novel, TheTale of Genji was highly estimated by both of men and women. In the peaceful society of the Heian Period, most of the noble men felt sympathy with femininity, and so admired the excellent female writer.
    In 1603, Okuni of Izumo, a popular actress, created new form of plays known as Kabuki. She played the role of a young man while her male partner played the female role. In Kyoto, people were flexible about genderoles, so they spoke highly of Okuni's performance. The youngsters of Kyoto themselves enjoyed street dance called Furyu-Odori in groupes wornin beautiful clothes like women.
    In 1629, the Tokugawa Shogunate government, victor of the civil war, prohibited women from performing arts on stages. Since the Edo Era, warriordominant government reigned all over Japan by the strong class system, and the prejudice against women were fixed under the influence Confusianism. After the long absence from the stages, Japanese actresses could find the places for them in 20th C., after the Meiji Restoration, while the world of Kabuki was maintained only by men.
    So, we have to recognize what is the true tradition of culture in Japan. We have to remember that woman's creativity was highly estimated in the peacefulsociety, and it was suppressed in the warrior dominant society. From this historical fact, it is clear that eqal opportunity in decision-making for both sexes is necessary in the peaceful society.
  • 小縣 早知子
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 29-43
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    Le Japon, qui occupe aujourd'hui le premier rang en matière d'aide publique au développement, est qualifié de leader parmi les pays donateurs. Le problème du genre et du devéloppement est abordé ici du point de vue des principaux problèmes communs et qu'elle soulève pour tous les etres humains.
    A premiere vue, le problème concernant le genre au Senegal ne parait pas tres serieux, mais en realite il restencore des problèmes a resoudre.
    Dans le present article, en nous referant aux activites d'un projet de devéloppement et la creation d'un groupement feminin au site de ce projet, nous suivons les relations entre le problème du genre et du devéloppement et le projet de devéloppement rural au Senegal.
    Le present article se compose comme suit: il commence par un survol de l'histoire des approches du genre et du devéloppement. En suite il examine des executions et des effets des exemples concrets de la consideration genre dans le projet communautaire de devéloppement forestier integre au Senegal. Il presente la creation d'un groupement feminin comme exemple saillant de ces effets. Enfin, il recherche la cause et le motif de la naissance de ce groupement feminin et le role du projet de devéloppement surtout en matiere du genre et du devéloppement.
    Finalement, une fois termine ce travail de mise en lumiere du problème de genre et du devéloppement et le projet de devéloppement rural, nous esperons pouvoir attirer l'attention sur nos propres problèmes de genre. Puisque nous, les personnes etrangeres concernees au projet de devéloppement, avons une influence sur la situation et la consideration du genre au site. Nous devons prendre la responsabilite d'abordér le problème du genre dans ce qu'ils ont de commun a toute l'humanité
  • 香川 孝三
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 45-55
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper aims to introduce and make my comment on the fourth draft of Gender Equality Bill in Vietnam. The draft is made in January 2006 by Vietnam Women's Union with assistance of Asian Development Bank technical assistance team financed by Poverty Reduction Assistance Fund. I am asked to make comment on this draft by technical team supporting the preparation of the Law on Gender Equality.
    There are totally 36 articles in this draft: Chapter 1 General provisions, Chapter 2 Gender Equality in different areas, Chapter 3 Measures for ensuring gender equality, Chapter 4 Inspection and sanctions against acts of gender discrimination, Chapter 5 Implementation provisions.
    There are some features in this draft.(1) Gender equality shall be kept in political, economic, labour, education and training, culture - information, health, and family areas.(2) As measures for ensuring gender equality, the proper body shall review gender mainstreaming in law, policy making. There are provisions on responsibilities of the State, Vietnam Fatherland Front, National Committee for Advancement of Vietnamese Women, Vietnam Women's Union, family and citizens.(3) There are sanctions against violations of gender equality, for example, no emulation titles, no promotion, making public the correction, refunding or compensating the damages, compulsory carrying education of gender equality, application of criminal liability. Agencies and individual having the illegal acts of gender equality may directly report or send the violation to the People's Committee, Inspectors of gender equality, National Committee for the advancement of Women, Vietnam Women's Union and People's Court under the Law on Claim and Denouncement.
    In June 2006, the eighth edition draft is made which will be discussed at National Assembly. This draft will be passed in November 2006 at the National Assembly. Therefore this fourth draft is a valuable material to know the process of Gender Equality Act.
  • 中村 彰
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 57
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 高島 智世
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 58-60
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 進藤 久美子
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 61-62
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 日本・EU市民交流年事業
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 63-73
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 伊藤 公雄
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 75-79
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 野口 芳子
    2006 年 2006 巻 9 号 p. 81-82
    発行日: 2006/09/16
    公開日: 2010/03/17
    ジャーナル フリー
feedback
Top