地理学評論 Ser. A
Online ISSN : 2185-1735
Print ISSN : 0016-7444
66 巻 , 2 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
  • 河野 敬一
    1993 年 66 巻 2 号 p. 59-80
    発行日: 1993/02/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    本研究は,明治期以降の長野県小諸町を事例に,宿泊者の変化に着目し,府県域レベルの中位中心地における中心機能の変化の一側面とその要因を解明することを目的とした.宿泊者の変化を,小諸における代表的な旅館の宿帳を用いて復原し,宿泊者やその属性の変化から,小諸の対外交渉関係の変化と中心機能の変質を推定した.
    小諸における中心機能の変化は,広域的な交渉関係をもつ中心地から地域的中心地へという変化であると考えることができる.そして,そうした変化をもたらした主要な要因は,交通システムの再編成と,それに伴う東京を中心とした全国流通の再編成であった.すなわち,鉄道開通前の中位中心地は,外部のさまざまな地域と直接交渉する機会をもっていた.しかし,鉄道の開通は,流通システムを再編成し,大都市と各府県庁所在都市に中心機能を集中させた.そのような変化の中で,小諸のような中位中心地は,相対的に中心性が低下し,郡域あるいは盆地レベルの地域中心地へと変質した.
  • 山田 浩久
    1993 年 66 巻 2 号 p. 81-95
    発行日: 1993/02/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    Most social and economic activities are based on land, which is included among high-dimensional goods. The balance between supply of and demand for land is maintained, by its price. However, its supply cannot be controlled. Land prices rise, not with demand, but with the increase in utility value resulting from the construction of railways and redevelopment. As the price of a plot of land is determined by the sales price of land nearby, high prices for neighboring areas due to increased utility value influences the price formation for land in outlying areas without changing their own utility value. Such a phenomenon was observed in small towns when land price in the Tokyo metropolitan area suddenly rose in the late 1980s.
    In order to better understand the mechanism for land price fluctuations in this area, this paper aims to demonstrate the disparity between the price and use of land on the micro scale and to clarify the characteristics of the rise in land prices in the commercial area of a small town, with the area around the JR Nishifunabashi station as an example. The results of the analysis are as follows:
    1) The low interest rate policy and the resultant business boom in the 1980s activated transaction and finances involving land. As a result, land prices rose sharply in commercial areas around stations along the JR Sobu line over the three-year period 1985-1988. Many areas that showed a higher rate of appreciation in this period have developed as major commercial areas. On the other hand, the area around the Nishifunabashi station showed the highest rise in the 1988-1991 period, when the appreciation of land prices had eased off in all commercial areas. This belated rise was influenced by the appreciation of land prices in the area around the nearby Funabashi station and is therefore different from the phenomenon widely observed from 1985 to 1988.
    2) In the study area, the area of expensive land to the north of the station did not expand during the period 1985-1988, although the price difference increased. In 1991, however, the land on the south side of the station, where a number of large parking lots were located, appreciated in value, and the price became higher than in the northern area on the whole. The price difference with in the study area grew even greater.
    3) In contrast to the changes in the land price distribution, no remarkable changes were observed in land use in the study area. Such a precursory rise in the land price could be attributed to the inability of local commercial capital to cope with the rapid rise occurring in the area. It seems that the delay in the effective utilization of land in the northern area relatively improved the estimated value of the more promising land in the southern area. The 1991 appreciation in the southern area resulted from this situation. Concerning the relationship between the rise in land prices and changes in building height, most medium-high-rise and high-rise buildings were situated in areas where land was expensive, although some had been built within such an area in 1991. In addition to the shortage of local funds, setting the land price on the basis of the medium-and long-term forecast had led to this phenomenon. Lands assessed according to the projected value is not immediately utilized in accordance with the present circumstances.
  • 山田 誠
    1993 年 66 巻 2 号 p. 96-100
    発行日: 1993/02/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 北畠 潤一
    1993 年 66 巻 2 号 p. 100-101
    発行日: 1993/02/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 1993 年 66 巻 2 号 p. 102-105,108
    発行日: 1993/02/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
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