地理学評論 Ser. A
Online ISSN : 2185-1735
Print ISSN : 0016-7444
67 巻 , 6 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
  • 西原 純
    1994 年 67 巻 6 号 p. 357-382
    発行日: 1994/06/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    九州地方における卸売流通からみた都市間結合および都市群システムについて, 1982年商業統計調査個票から筆者が独自に集計した資料を用いて検討した.その結果, 3大都市圏から九州地方へ,福岡から九州地方へ,県域内,九州地方から九州外の地方へ向かう流通経路が複合して,都市間結合が形成されていることが裏づけられた.卸売事業所の仕入先地域の構成に示される, 3大都市圏との結合の程度によって,広域中心都市一県庁所在地級都市一地域中心(県内副次中心)都市という都市階層が識別された.これには中間卸支所・最終卸支所の活動が最も大きく寄与していることが明らかとなった.
    卸売流通からみると,福岡は東京圏・大阪圏を頂点とする全国的都市群システムに,県庁所在地紙都市以下の都市群は福岡を頂点とする地方的都市群システムに組み込まれていることが明らかとなった.東京・大阪・福岡という結合先の違い,当該都市の都市階層の違いによっても,都市間結合の様式に違いがみられた.
  • 清水 昌人
    1994 年 67 巻 6 号 p. 383-392
    発行日: 1994/06/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    The recent influx of foreigners to the Tokyo metropolitan area has created various social issues concerning foreigners' riving environment. To obtain an idea of their residential mobility and spatial distribution, a questionnaire survey was undertaken on foreign pre-college students at Japanese language schools in Tokyo. The data on their residence changes revealed the following points.
    Intra-urban migration of pre-college students comprises two components: external constraints and individual decision-making. Accessibility to school, low rent, and available information sources function as the major socio-economic determinants of residence change. The initiatives of the pre-college students are exerted in trade-off behaviors balancing transportation cost and rent, utilization of personal information network, psychological adjustment through spatial learning, and cohabitation with fellow countrypersons. Individual subjectivity intensifies its role in the second and third destination selection, consequently precipitating the three mobility patterns of centripetal, stager, and centrifugal movement in respect to school.
    The chain process of migration accelerated by cohabitation and information network consolidates the actualization of apartment-level ethnic concentrations. But the dispersed distribution of low-rent wooden apartments in the Tokyo metropolitan area prevents the outbreak of ward-scale segregation. For further understanding of the mechanism of foreign new comers' residential mobility, more detailed psychological aspects of their lives, including the fundamental purpose of their stay in Japan, need to be investigated in the context of urban society.
  • 渡辺 満久, 池田 安隆, 鈴木 康弘, 須貝 俊彦
    1994 年 67 巻 6 号 p. 393-403
    発行日: 1994/06/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    Although there are many active faults in Northeast Japan, only a few of the faults in the inner zone have been investigated in detail. The Kitakami Lowland, running parallel to the volcanic front of Northeast Japan, is a typical tectonic depression delineated by active faults. In this paper, the past large seismic activities and fault structure of the Uwandaira Fault Group (central part of the western boundary faults), west of Hanamaki City, are discussed mainly based on trench excavation across the southern part of the fault group. The results are summarized as follows:
    (1) Two events are inferred along the Uwandaira Fault Group since the later stadial of the Last Glacial; the latest one occurred ca. 4, 000 to 6, 000, and the one before that, later than ca. 20, 000 years ago.
    (2) The time interval of the events is rather long, and is estimated as several to ten thousand years. It is, however, possible that the fault will generate a large seismic event in the near future.
    (3) A series of sediments on the trench walls are cut by low-angle thrust faults, which caused large horizontal shortening. The structure of the sediments suggests that the fault plane dips even less beneath the trench floor.
    (4) The net slip on the fault plane at each event was about 2m, and the average slip rate of the fault is estimated to be on the order of 10-1m/1, 000 years.
  • 1994 年 67 巻 6 号 p. 404-407,421_1
    発行日: 1994/06/01
    公開日: 2008/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー
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