Successful “Leprosy Elimination Programme” since 1991 managed to reduce global case load to nearly 1/10 in 10 years. However, this rapid fall of case detection/incident rate. This means that even after year 2, 000, control effort of leprosy as an infectious disease must be sustained, while adequate control / care of leprosy as a deformity / disability causing disease need more attention.
The Democratic Republic of Congo(DRC, former Zaire) in central Africa remains the foremost country for leprosy in Africa, with a total of 4877 registered cases, of which 4573 are new cases since 1997. These numbers are well above the regional average. About 94% of these patients are under multidrug therapy (MDT) coverage in the Congo, which ranks 8th in coverage rate among the surrounding nine nations. Available data on anatomo-clinical profile and bacillarity are provided, with reservations on the use of these data drwn due to relatively small sample sizes. The seroprofile of the disease was reviewed with regard to the association of other immunity impairing infections like HBV infection and the recently highly incident retroviral epidemics (HIV-1, TTLV-1. and HTLV-2). The leading role of non-governmental organizations is cited for improving leprosy patient conditions and also for future prospects, where the necessity of coordinated strategies with the government is emphasized. Recommendations for new trends and steps relevant to improving existing and future leprosy control strategies are put into perspective.