There are more than 4 million automatic vending machines in Japan. They cause environmental
problems such as the waste of electricity ,litter disposal. Some are hazardous to pedestrians due
to protrusion into the roads.
Nishi-Harima life science center of Hyogo prefectural government hosted the ' 94 Nishi-Harima
environmental seminar consisting of 12 days of lectures and environmental surveys for citizens'
lifelong education. I was responsible for a survey concerned with automatic vending machines.
In this paper, I focus on the learning effect for students by using the survey, and solving the
problem of managing such a seminar.
Results of the survey show that 70% of students understood the problem regarding the waste of
electricity by automatic vending machines, but 16% of students felt the necessity of such
I think it's very important to discuss more thoroughly the questions of 'How many?' , 'What
kind of?' and 'How should we use them?' , and how to be environmentally conscious about our
Regarding the survey method on automatic vending machines, some items, such as measuring
of the survey area, taking the temperature around the machine and taking photographs, should be
improved in the coming seminar.
The remaining natural lucidophyllous forests are found mainly in the sanctuaries around shrines
and temples as fragmented forests (isolate dforests) .These forests are disturbed by human impact
and the effects of isolation. In order to conserve the lucidophyllous forests, the actual conditions
concerning flora, number of species, species diversity, species composition, dominant species, area
and environmental conditions of the forests, were investigated. Initially we reported on eighteen
forests in the Hokusetsu and Higashi-Harima areas. We would like to continue to report on the
results of our investigation in the future.
Various geological materials and data have been accumulated in Hyogo, including geologically
famous and important items to Japan and other countries as ・ 'Cu-bearing, metallic ore mines
represented by Ikuno and Akenobe ; the Eocene to Oligocene Kobe Flora, significant to Cenozoic
floral history in Japan as well as East Asia ; basalt of the Genbudo from which the Japanese
basalt, Genbu-gan, is derived and also with which the Matsuyama Reverse Epoch is deeply
concerned, and many others. They should be systematically compiled and stored for further study
of geological and related sciences.
Our museum has collected, examined and registered numerous data concerning natural history
and environmental sciences, mainly obtained in Hyogo, in co-operation with many workers prior
to the opening of the museum.
The present series compiles fundamental geological data in Hyogo which have been collected
through a systematic survey from 1990 to 1992, in addition to a recent supplementary survey. It
contains eight independent serial data files on : (1) Microfossils ; (2) Paleozoic and Mesozoic
Macrofossils ; (3) Cenozoic Macrofossils ; (4) Plant Macrofossils ; (5) Late Cretaceous to
Paleogene pultonic rocks ; (6) Mineral resources ; (7) Late Cenozoic volcanic rocks, including
newly measured K-Ar age and thermo-remnent magnetism, in and around the Tajima district ;
and (8) Quaternary outcrops in the eastern part of Harima district. Files (1) to (4) are included
in this volume and (5) to (8) will be published in Humans and Nature, No.6.
Prior to exhibition of each data file, this paper remarks on the geological data dealt with in
file s(1) to (8) and their significance ,and outlines the general geology of Hyogo.